Edward E. MacMorland WWI archive

Summary Information

The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Edward E. MacMorland WWI archive
Date [inclusive]
0.5 Linear feet
These materials are in English.

Preferred Citation note

Edward E. MacMorland WWI archive, 1914-1977. Coll No. 2000.008. McFarlin Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives. University of Tulsa.

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Scope and Contents note

Approximately 100 WWI-era letters and diary.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives 2013 October

McFarlin Library
University of Tulsa
2933 E. 6th St
Tulsa, OK, 74104-3123


This material is open for research use by any registered reader.

Use and Copyright

This material is owned by the University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections. Unpublished manuscripts are under copyright. Therefore, permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from both the repository and the copyright holder.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note


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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Powers Rare Books.

Personal Name(s)

  • MacMorland, Edward E.


  • World War I Collection.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Correspondence.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Diaries.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Personal narratives.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Russia
  • World War, 1914-1918.

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Collection Inventory

 2000.008.1 Biographical 

 2000.008.1.1 Typescript Undated 

Scope and Contents note

"Biographical Sketch of Maj. Gen. Edward E. MacMorland (1892-1978)." Carbon copy typed account, with hand written revisions, 3p.

 2000.008.1.1 Typescript 1960 April 14 

Scope and Contents note

"Biographical Sketch of Maj. Gen. Edward Elliott MacMorland." Photocopy of a typed account from Arden Skidmore, Public Relations Officer, with handwritten revisions and corrections, 3p.

 2000.008.1.1 Photo-reproduction circa 1950s 

Scope and Contents note

Photo-reproduction of an image of Major General Edward Elliott MacMorland, pictured in full uniform and seated at his desk.

Photo-reproduction is printed on verso of a page, possibly torn from a program titled "The French Society of Philadelphia, The Oldest French Society in the United States, Sponsoring the Commemoration of the 180th Anniversary of the Treaty Alliance between United States and France, Friday evening, May 2nd, 1958, The Warwick, Philadelphia."

 2000.008.1.1 Photograph circa 1970s   17.7 x 12.7 cm

Scope and Contents note

Color snapshot of MacMorland in his later years, pictured in a suit and tie.

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 2000.008.1.2 Military ephemera 

 2008. Dog tag Undated 

Scope and Contents note

Round, silver dog tag, stamped E.E. MACMORLAND, U.S.A., Captain, C.A.C.

 2000. Identity card Undated 

Scope and Contents note

American Expeditionary Forces (Corps Expeditionnaire Americain)Officer's Identity Card (Carte d'identite d'Officier) for Edward E. MacMorland, Maj. C.A.C., Regimental Adjutant, 62nd Artillery (C.A.C.).

Signed by the Adjutant General, MacMorland, and bearing official embossed stamp on left page; B/W photo of MacMorland on the right.

 2000. Calling card Undated 

Scope and Contents note

Oblong calling card bearing the name of Edward E. MacMorland, Colonel, United States Army. On verso are Japanese or Chinese characters.

Memorandum circa 1919 

Scope and Contents note

Memorandum of Service of 167th and 168th Companies Transportation Coprs in Russia. Regarding the members of the 167th and 168th Companies who participated in several engageemnts are entitled to the Defensive Sector Clasp marked "Russia". Reproduction of a typed memo by Lt. Colonel E.E. MacMorland.

Press cutting circa 1919 

Scope and Contents note

"On Toward Petrograd". Article by Harold Copping, "Chicago Tribune" - "New York Times" cable.

Photo-postcard Undated   B/W photo-postcard, identifiecation stamped in purple ink in lower margin. 9 x 14.2 cm

Scope and Contents note

Brise-glace "Olga", a Russian ice-breaker, pictured at sea.

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 2000.008.1.3 Diary of France and Russia 1918-1920   Brown, cloth-covered, Agenda 1919 book, with missing spine and exposed and broken sewn binding. Elastic closier band has been cut from the rear cover. Entries are in pencil on extremely brittle and fragile pages. A transcription has been provided here to preserve the original diary. 15.1 x 9.4 x 1.4 cm

General note

PLEASE USE READING COPY PROVIDED in order to preserve the original diary.

Preliminary notes 1918-1919 

Scope and Contents note

Left S. F. at 9:30 a.m. 13 June 1918 and arrived in New York 6 a.m. 20 June 1918 en route to Camp Mills, 20 June 1918. In Camp Mills, 20 June 1918. Ordinary equipment duties with morning marches to keep up health while there.

Embarked 13 July 1918 on S. S. “Baltic” of White Star Line (S.S. 506).

Sailed 14 July 1918. After a sea voyage devoid of danger good meals, music of two good bands, dancing, etc. we entered the Mersey River a.m. 26 July 1918 after a long detour to avoid the submarines which had just sunk the “Justice”. Debarked at Liverpool a.m. July 27, 1918.

Hq. And supply companies entrained at once for Romsey. The other organizations of the 62nd went to Knotty Ash at Liverpool and came down the next day. Arrived in Romsey after [9] hr. trip. In Romsey 28 and 29 July. Departed 9 a.m. July 30 1918 for Southampton by marching. Arrived at Southampton 2 p.m. same date. After resting and lunching here we marched thru the town and embarked on the transport “St. George” for Le Havre. Departed 8 a.m. and arrived at Le Havre at 4 a.m. 31 July 1918. Debarked at 7 a.m. and marched thru Le Havre to rest camp. March was 4 miles up hill. Went into camp at 11 a.m. 31 July 1918. Terrible camp. It is fortunate that it was summer and dry. Le Havre was attacked by enemy aircraft same night. Five bombs were dropped at 1:30 a.m., one falling not distant from our camp. Warm reception but our troops were not the least perturbed and looked upon it with interest only. Departed by marching at 4 p.m. 1 August 1918 for R. R. station.

Preliminary notes 1918-1919 

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Entrained for Libourne at 6 p.m. 1 Aug 1918. Arrived at Libourne at 12 m. on Aug 3, 1918.

Regt. Put on motor trucks and taken to different towns for billets. Hdqrs. And 1st Battalion to St. [Emulion]; 2nd Battalion to St. Laurent; 3rd Battalion to Montagne. Went into these towns on 3 Aug 1918. Personal billet with Comtesse des Cordes in St. [Emulion]. School commenced 10 Aug 1918. Officers and men going to schools for different instruction.

Appointed Regtl Adjutant from command of Hdqrs. Company 19 Aug 1918 relieving Capt. F. M. Odell, appointed Personnel Officer.

Acted as Regtl. Adjutant and took practically all of the artillery work until 24 Oct 1918 when I was relieved as Adjutant by Capt R. W. [Dashbronek] to take the place of Col. Phipps as adjutant 33rd Arty Brg. Reported to Brigade a few days later.

Preliminary notes 1918-1919 

Scope and Contents note

Served as Brigade Adjutant performing usual administrative duties and studying artillery with a view to being operations officer of the Brigade at the Front until the Armistice was signed on 11 November 1918 at 11 a.m.

Lebourne was having a fete, by coincidence, on this date. It became transformed into the most enthusiastic celebration which I have witnessed.

Brig. Hdqrs. received orders 25 Nov 1918 to sail by first available transport to U. S. 61st and 62nd Regts. Received similar orders 26 Nov 1918. Our transport placed in hand B. S. #2 – Bordeaux.

Before departure of unit (which sailed in latter part January) orders arrived by telegram from Hq. S.O.S. on 1 Dec 1918 that only one field officer regular, would go to U. S. with each Regt. And that one Gen. Officer or one field officer would go with each Brig. Hdqr. No regular captain or lieut. to go at all. Officers were to proceed to Le Courneau for use as replacements.

After all equipment was turned in, I departed for Le Courneau 5 Dec 1918 by automobile from [O and J. C. Ta] #1. Arrived 12 noon same date. Camp [---] at Le Courneau was found to be in a sandy waste near the sea coast.

Was assigned to room in [Adrean] barracks with Lt. Col. Titus and Lt. Col. Bryant. Had good stove, light and elevated bunks so life was not unbearable.

Preliminary notes 1918-1919 

Scope and Contents note

Left Le Courneau 21 Dec 1918 with orders to report at Hq. S.O.S. to [D.G.T.] for duty as an Adjutant. Arrived same date and reported to Dir. Mil. Affairs Trans Corps. 23 December was made Dep. Direct. Mil. Affairs and sent to Le Mans to organize in military way 16th Gr. Div. Departed 5:30 p.m. same date and arrived at Le Mans 8 p.m. Stayed over Christmas in Len mans and proceeded to Remes on 26 Dec 1918 and inspected the camp there.

Drove thru Brittany on 27 Dec 1918 with Capt Sloan Div Supt. On our way to Brest. Arrived Brest 8 p.m. Beautiful scenery but encumbered by rain and accidents.

Returned to Tours 29 Dec 1918. Placed in D.M.A. office charge of organization section. Proceeded to Bordeaux 10 Jan 1919 and inspected the Stevedore camp there. Visit pleasant and interesting as I saw the working of the great Bassens docks. Returned to Tours in two days.

Went to St. Nazaire on 27 Jan 1919, inspected the Stevedore camp and returned on 29 Jan 1919.

Proceeded to Chaemont on 13 Feb 1919 and put thru 225 promotions in the Transportation Corps. Returned 16 Feb 1919 and was informed that I should be Adjutant of Trans. Corps. Battalion to go to Archangel. Two days later learned that no field officers would be taken.

In interim above, occupied myself in the routine duties of organization supervision and establishing of priority return of officers to the U.S.

Diary entries 1919 January 

Scope and Contents note

15 January Emily Hall MacMorland arrived this date. My joy is immense! A little wife and a little daughter makes the heart of a devoted husband and father very glad! How I wish I could see them both!

Diary entries 1919 February 20-24 

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20 February Received letter from Lucy describing Emily. What a wonderful little baby she is! and what a sweet little mother! How proud I am of both of them! This afternoon went to the Musèe of Beaux Arts with Madame Hennion. Found a museum with a good many excellent paintings and a few sculptures mainly Lieard Musee situated in house of Archbishop of Tours. Splendid view of the fine old cathedral from the windows. Old roman wall in Roman section of city flanks the garden of this home of the archbishop. Had dinner with the Hennions in honor of Pierre’s birthday; he is seventeen.

21 February Routine work at the office today. Nothing unusual.

22 February Worked at the office. Went to call on the W---- in the evening. Had a very pleasant evening.

23 February Rose late. Went to office and there learned that I should probably go with the Archangel expedition after all. 2 companies of 360 men each are scheduled to go on 3rd March 1919. Although I am expected to go, may not get far because the English do not want any field officers in the expedition. Have been given charge of the military organization expedition as planned consists of 26 officers and 720 men (all Trans Corps) Of this number there will be made one operating and one maintenance company. Went with Madame Heinnon the Pierre to the Musèe of Natural History and the Archaeology Museum. [Satter] is replete with archaeology of old Tours. Of principal interest, the Roman remains. Had dinner tonight with the Hennions. Their usual friendly and openhearted hospitality was the case.

24 February Worked all day on the expedition. Saw G-4, the Q.M. and ordinance people—and went to Camp de [Gresse] to study situation. Have clear way for supplies if I can get supply officer to make intelligible and complete requisitions. Telegram sent by Gen. Harbord to G.H.Q. requesting more definite and concrete authority. Personnel will probably be in St. Pierre on Wednesday or Thursday. Wonder if I will actually get to North Russia. Ban on field officers makes its seem probable that I may only escort the expedition to England—or perhaps to Murman and then come back.

Diary entries 1919 February 25-28 

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25 February Worked hard all day on the expedition. Got all my requisitions approved and on their way. Sent supply officer to [Gievres] to get the supplies. Men beginning to arrive. Expect to have most of them in by Thursday. Matters progressing favorably. Personnel being worked up vocationally. Had dinner with the Hennions again and escorted Madame to the concert afterward. Lucienne Bréval, Joe Gressini, and Francis Croye were vocalist, violinist, and pianist respectivlely. Bréval is classed by my host as the best tragedienne of ten years ago in the opera. Although nearly fifty, her voice is still excellent. She sang the striking dramatic masterpiece, “Damnation” from “Faust”.

26 February Expedition progressing very well and believe it will be ready on Monday. Worrying slightly over the medical requisition which is in the hands of the medical officer. Took an hour off and went with the Hennioins to see the Hotel of Maine. It was erected in 1770 and contained a wonderful private collection of beautiful things. Feel that I was amply repaid for I saw as splendid and select a set of tapestries, pictures, furniture, and draperies as I ever expect to see. Wish I could spend more time looking at them. Had dinner with [Ostram?] in the evening.

27 February Our expedition progresses satisfactorily and I am much more hopeful than yesterday. Captains MacMillan, Jones, Odell, and Waid are now here and are working hard on their units. Personnel practically all here and hope to have them organized into companies before Sunday. Supplies all here except medical, and they offer no great obstacle, since surgeon claims that he can get them very readily. Have been at St. Pierre des Corps all day superintending affairs.

28 Febrary Still working on the expedition. Officers cooperating well. Organizations of the companies will take place tomorrow morning, the Co. Commander having finished picking their men tonight. Car load of fur coats is on the way but has apparently strayed. Has not arrived. Hope to complete the organization and equipment tomorrow and devote the remainder of the time to perfecting it and preparing the payrolls. Looks as if they were going to try to move us on Tuesday although nothing has yet been heard from the British.

Diary entries 1919 March 1-4 

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1 March Only two days in which to get ready. It is a question whether we will make it. Supplies are coming along satisfactorily. All supply departments cooperating very well and giving us practically everything we request. Organization much muddled, but hope that G.H.Q. will allow us to continue a surplus of N.C.O. grades. Moved to Camp Degrasse today. Barracks very crowded with officers.

2 March Sunday did not prevent our working as usualo. We were successful in getting most of our equipment issued and in good shape. Had dinner with the Hennions tonight. Madame is in Paris now. I miss her very much. She is a wonderfully unique and sunny type, and her hospitality is so genuine as to make me think her offer that 119 [---] Rue George Sand shall be my home in France can not be otherwise than acceptable to me.

3 March The bombshell which burst on me yesterday when I was told that my untried troops would have to be inspected by General Pershing today proved to be innocuous. The General inspected us all right but my men who had never been together before did just as well as any of the others around. The General questioned me in an interested manner about the expedition. He gives one the impression of austere severity, but I may be mistaken. Announced the expedition ready to the Hq. J. C. as per schedule. We have completed a hard week and all officers did well. I have invited General Attenburg to assist in the inspection tomorrow.

4 March General Attenburg inspected the troops today and seemed well pleased with the expedition. He spoke to the officers afterward and embarrassed me by stating that I am to be the “boss” of the expedition. He demanded further, however, that we should try to secure additional non-commissioned grades for these companies (167 and 168). Took up with and explained to Col Tibbetts our present organization. He telegraphed it to G. H. Q. and requested that it be authorized. Mistake, however, because companies are thus made unequal in size.

Diary entries 1919 March 5-10 

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5 March Perfecting our organization and awaiting orders. I am becoming more and more satisfied with the troops. Hope I can stick with them but fear the British will insist that I step out. Six engineer officers from the 310 Engin at Archangel assigned to accompany us. Also one chaplain for the same Regiment is also scheduled to go. A rumor is also floating around that some Y.M.C.A. women are to be attached. Got an order today organizing the “North Russian Trans. Corps Expeditionary Force” and command. Gen. Atterbury has flattered me by this action. I learn indirectly that he regards me as the “Boy Major”. I wonder if I look so young.

6 March Had dinner with the Hennions last night. Madam has returned from Paris after apparently a joyful time. She certainly loves Paris! Slept there in my old be. It is welcome after the noise and closeness of the barracks. spent the morning with General Atterbury working out the organization for our expedition to include more N.C.O. grades. He is backing us up on that very nicely. Our discussion ended with his calling Col. Study at Chumont and telling him to endeavor to secure what we asked for. This arrangement will give a fine lot of promotion in the Force. No orders for movement yet. I am beginning to wish that they would come since much delay is bad for morale.

7 March No notes.

8 March Spent this day getting orders etc for expedition. Slept at Camp de Grasse Hdqrs. after attending a dance given by the WAACs. Bode them goodbye.

9 March Was told this morning that the Expedition must move by 11 a.m. tomorrow. Big proposition. We got busy, however, on telephonic directions G.H.Q. and got our train consisting of 24 fine American box cars, 2 kitchen cars and two [ice] coaches spotted at St. Pierre des Corps. by 9 p.m. Turned out practically whole command and loaded three cars by hand men grumbled somewhat but responded well. We are short 12 men but the Louraine Division promises to supply them. We will doubtless have some AWOL’s I knocked of work at 12 midnight. Made arrangements with G-4 to have six trucks at 7 a.m. at Camp de Grasse.

10 March Arose at 6 a.m. Started operations and went to Tours to secure our orders for movement. Went to G-4 and located the telegram there. It orders us to proceed to Le Havre and report to the British base commandant for transportation to England. Schedule read 11:04 as hour of departure. After vigorous morning’s work with trucks which reported hours late, the train finally pulled out at 1:40 p.m. for Le Mans. At first or second stop some men in Capt. Odell’s Co. broke into a wine cask. I place the entire company in arrest. We have with us a fine kitchen car which serves hot meals. The men seem to like the chow very much. At 9 p.m. we were near Le Mans but unable to get in because of yard block.

Diary entries 1919 March 11-20 

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11 March After 26 hour delay yesterday before Le Mans (and today) we moved out again under expedited orders toward Ronen and Le Havre. Proceeded at good speed from there on although further delays occurred at Alençon and other points. Men are all seemingly in good spirits and good health. One man got his finger crushed during the night. Should reach Le Havre about [noon] tomorrow. Can we expect to move aboard ship at once or loaf around in the rest camp at Le Havre? Hope not the latter!!

12-16 March No notes

17 March On S.S. “Stephen” bound for Murman. Have neglected the diary last few days by reason pressure work. Reached Le Havre on the evening of the 11th, detrained and carried all baggage to the pier in lorries. On arriving, we entered a channel boat for the overnight trip to Southhampton. Journey was very rough. Many men were sea sick and the boat was crowded with British and American troops. Arrived safely in Southhampton at 5 a.m. (after a seasick night for me) were taken in charge by the British and disembarked without hitch. Our baggage was separated by British stevedores that of 168 Co. being sent to London docks and 167th going to Park Royal. After a feed from the Red Cross we entrained for Park Royal and arrived at this splendid British camp 3 hours later. British officers received us pleasantly in their mess. Many were put up in comfortable barracks. Best British camp I have seen. Received orders day before yesterday after inspection by Col. Mitchell [---] to entrain today for [---ham] docks. Entrained at 7:45 a.m., stopped at Leicester and were royally fed by the Red Cross. Arrived at [----ham] at 1:30 p.m. and embarked soon after on the S.S. “Stephen” for Murman. No sooner on than the men started a half-mutiny because of crowded conditions. I put two in the brig. Others are now quiet as I write and most have gone to bed. Hope that they will be more tractable tomorrow. We wail tomorrow a.m.

18 March We wailed this morning at 7 a.m. from [---ham] docks. All has been quiet with the men today. The two men whom I placed in the brig are still intractable. I have been rather squeamish all day although not very sick. Arctic garments were issued. Weather good, sea not rough and meals and other conditions on ship very good. Taken as a whole all one could desire. Thought lots of Lucy today by reason of great loneliness for her.

19 March Seasick all day and have taken no food since yesterday morning. Sea very rough and most of the men are also ill. Everything going along in good shape. Men are somewhat surly and do not betray the usual good qualities of troops like the old [62nd]. Many are due for summary and special court trials. Am in bed early. Issued arctic clothing to the men today.

20 March Sea calm this morning and stomach is likewise. Arose and ate breakfast with trepidation but nothing happened. Lunch likewise. Skipper of the ship criticized the conditions of our troop quarters and I must see that most of the trouble is corrected before tomorrow. Had great difficulty getting the men out to boat drill. They seem to be trying to avoid as much duty as possible. Day ended with weather still good. Health of men good.

Diary entries 1919 March 21-25 

Scope and Contents note

21 March Still at sea. Skipper says we arrive next Tuesday. Reports by Maj. Sheffield English C.O. of troops are not encouraging. He says that regime is very inefficient and that the British general staff is making a mess of it. I guess I am doomed to return all right since we must apparently combat a condition of local promotion where I should always be outranked by the British even if the person doing it were only a Lieutenant. But we must wait and see. They have few or no railway troops and they may let us run our own affairs. Weather is getting a little worse and snow is beginning to fly. We are pretty far north. Hope I don’t get sick again although I have been very well today.

22 March Getting further north all the time. Snow squalls and colder weather. Impossible to stay on the deck very long. I have very little appetite and wish that we could get on terra firma again. No longer seasick but just generally debilitated thru lack of exercise. I am slightly worried over the possibility of striking a mine which has broken [loose]. However, I believe we are far north of the mine fields now. There would be little leftof the ship if we struck on since the hold is filled with mines as cargo. Passed a beautiful snow clad group of islands late today which are located off the north coast of Norway. We are nearly to our northern limit of the voyage but the weather is not so terribly cold.

23 March Sunday finds us still on the way. Ship now white with snow but weather clear and bracing. Artic garments not particularly necessary yet although we are within a hundred miles of our extreme northern limit for the trip. Ship made little progress yesterday by reason of strong head wind and waves over the bows. Many broke over yesterday and much spray was always on hand. I am not the least bit seasick. Had to put one man in the hospital yesterday seasick who had not eaten a bite since coming aboard. Have seen no icebergs or ice yet. Ship is well steam heated and is comfortable but crowded.

24 March Coast of Norway has been in sight all day. now and ice is the prospect superimposed on craggy headlands. About 200 miles more places us very near to our destination. We ought to reach there tomorrow afternoon. We are looking forward with interest to what the future may hold at Murman. Sea has been very tranquil all day. Although the temperature is about zero Fahrenheit, it does not seem very cold.

25 March The looked for day arrived and after passing Alexandrovsk and our own warship “Yankton” in Kola inlet we sighted a collection of unpainted houses which Maj. Sheffield assured us was Murmansk. All crowded on deck to see the town nestling in the hills. It was disappointing until suddenly we perceived the stars and stripes floating high on a hill which developed into an American wireless station established by the Navy. The boat docked and I was informed that we should proceed to [---] Huts Camp tomorrow. I met Lt. Bukowski, the attaché, and two Amerifan Naval officers in addition to the British staff. We stayed aboard tonight and go ashore at 2 p.m. tomorrow. Had dinner with Bukowski and Consul Pierce in the evening. Went ashore armed as British require it.

Diary entries 1919 March 26-29 

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26 March Saw Admiral McCullan and his staff this a.m. and had dinner with him in the American Mission Car. Before going, however, I had the distinction of having General Maynard, [C.M.C.] and his staff call on me to address the men. He spoke to them briefly in their quarters in words of welcome and was cheered. We went ashore at 2 p.m. and proceeded to [Mission] Huts Camp, a desolate collection of [Mission] huts with nothing in them but stoves and bunks. We soon got the men into them and settled, drew rations and had supper at about 8 p.m. The northern lights saw us go to bed.

27 March Worked all day seeing British authorities. Had very pleasant experience. Saw Col Le Feore, Director of Rys in a.m. together with our Capts. Jones, McMullan and Phillips. Learned the comprehensive project. They are planning to let ys have the Ry from Soroka south to the Front, if the Russians are agreeable. Went to G.H.Q., p.m. and saw C. of S. and Q.M. officer. They promised to help us with a rolling kitchen and various supplies. Had tea with Gen. staff. They will also allow us to reorganize along our own ideas. Jones and McMillan understand the project and will commence work at once. MacMillan goes to Soraka on Saturday and Jones stays here. Operating Cos. probably will also go to Soroka. Played bridge in evening.

28 March We began work this a.m. with various minor activites. Day was agreeably pleasant and somewhat thawed. Saw the Col. in the afternoon and cleared up some more points. MacMillan’s company will go to Soroka tomorrow night in a specially prepared work train and Capt. Phillips and I shall accompany them. I want to get a good look at Soroka for that shall probably be our future headquarters. It takes 2 days to make the trip each way. Many interesting sights have greeted us, among them Lapps with reindeer sleds. Practically all transport is by sledge. Many natives here—for the most part unattractive in appearance. Natives are very friendly to the [“Amerikaniskis”]—in fact surprisingly so considering the [Bolshevick] element here.

29 March Saw col. Lewin this a.m. He is C. of S. Later saw also Col. Le Feore who secured some engineer tools for our company going to Soroka. The company got ready in good shape. They gave us a specially fitted work train with bunks for the men and a splendid Russian Pullman for the officers. It is one of the best cars I have seen [(better)]. We entrained at 7 p.m. and departed at 8:15 p.m. over a rough and [---] track. Train is now going slowly, drawn by an American wood burning locomotive with a [ball--] stack. It will take three or four days for the trip. Learned from Bukowski the American Attaché, that Gen Dickerson of our Army is expected on 7 April 1919. Am wondering what he wants. He may be going over to Archangel. Left Feigman [?] in command at Murmansk. Other Cos. from London not yet embarked. Have wired them to bring commissary supplies. Mainly coffee. But they do not issue coffee. Country of our journey is snowy, hilly one. Jones’s Co. opened up the light railway today (Saturday) and [---] start building more when the material arrives. Jones is making a good impression on the British by his activity. I am expecting MacMillan also to surprise them with the locomotive repairs for them.

Diary entries 1919 March 30 

Scope and Contents note

March Sunday 30 Travelled all day toward Soroka and covered about 175 miles. [R---] still rough and delays frequent but traffic not dense. Country still a desolate waste with a few fir trees creeping toward the timber line of the [Chibinsk] Mountains . Men fraternize well with the Russians and my idea of impressing on the people that we are really friendly towards the real Russians is bearing fruit. The English are very unpopular because of past exploitation of the people. Everything going well and men in good spirits although I must confess I don’t care particularly for the British rations we are getting. I gave away a package of [portion of text and page missing] Another days travel placed us at Kem in the evening. Kem is one of the largest places on the railway yet is quite small. All stops along the line [---] groups of hungry looking Russians who begged for cigarettes, rum and anything else we would give them. The men seem to do little work. One sees women working on the railway and at other hard tasks. The country is still covered with stunted growth of spruce and pine and plenty of ice and snow. The temperature is around zero most of the time but it is not unpleasantly cold. Appetite is great. Soroka, our destination is 40 miles down the line. There is no telling, however, how long it will take to cover that distance. We are now standing on a siding with no engine and not much of a prospect of [---] before morning. [portion of text and page missing]. They are ignorant and stupid and of mongrel appearance. It looks like a very mixed and backward race. One of their best occupations seems to be woodwork. Their carpenters do excellent work on log structures with only an axe. The houses are mainly of logs and have seen only one brick structure in the whole country. Our meals are becoming monotonous with canned and non-fresh food. Our anti-scorbutive is lime juice. It is said that salmon and trout abound in the streams in the Spring. We are expecting to detail men for fishing and hunting for the mess. I also plan to get seeds from England for a little garden in the Spring. The railway is in a very backward condition. Very little work has been done on it since construction two years ago. Locomotives are laid permanently for minor repairs. Cars are derailed in need of repairs—and in some cases actually destroyed wantonly. The railway has 169 locomotives and about 5000 cars. Of this number about all are serviceable. The rolling stock is mostly U.S. make and most of the engines are “Porters”—a U.S. make. I have also seen during the trip a number of steam shovels and cranes—U.S. also. Station buildings exist at only a few places. It is said that the railway has not paid a penny of revenue yet. It was guilt for strategic purposes originally in the winter with an ice-free port.

Diary entries 1919 April 1-4 

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1 April The journey was completed this a.m. when we awoke and found ourselves in Soroka. It is a small village of a few log houses on an arm of the White Sea. There are no stores but there exist a large [---]. Ice and snow is everywhere. We were met by Maj. Green, British, who told us what we were up against and hoped that we could gain the Ry control. The shops are surprisingly well equipped and we can probably work with the equipment on hand. At 1:30 p.m. got on the armored train and went to [Leg---] which is on the Front. The French Co. of the train treated us very nicely and had us to dinner. It was the best meal I have had since coming here. We returned at 9 at night and reached here at 4 a.m., 2 April 1919. The Front is a joke. There is scarcely even a shot fired. 4 shots were fired by an outpost during our stay probably at a shadow. The Ry is in good condition to the Front. We passed over a new bridge which was yet practically untried. This bridge had been burned by the Bolsheviks. Met Gen Price the commander of this region and had a chat with him on the Russian situation. He certainly hates them and holds them in contempt. The General had a car on the armored train and goes up and down the line as necessary. Looks as if we could cause an advance if we can get enough cars and locomotives out to be sure of our communications.

2 April Arrived 4 a.m. today on armored train. Armored train had 4-3 pounder naval pieces armored with boiler plate and the same number of locomotive tenders to carry machine guns. Troops busied themselves today getting into barracks and doing a little construction. Capt. MacMillan planned the camp. Troops still in the train. I shall go back to Murman tomorrow with the Doctor. We shall use the same fine car that we came down in. The Major (Green) whispered to me that there is to be a Bolshevik revolt on Sunday. The Bolsheviks have invited the British and Serbian officers to be present at a special [---] at which [---] are to fly. Remedial and preventative measures are to be taken. I am entrusted with the railway shops. Feel assured that nothing will happen, however so shall go on to Murmansk as planned leaving Lt. Dexter to distribute his men as may be necessary in case of trouble. The revolt seems general as similar trouble is planned for Kem and Segeja [?]. It can be easily dealt with if it comes off on schedule but difficult if they advance the date. I am increasing the guard as a matter of precaution.

3 April Our preparations for the camp and the officers quarters go on apace. We have acquired a good second class coach for the officers for the present, one Norwegian hut (64) and several Missen huts for the men. The train will be released probably tonight for return to Murmansk. Received information yesterday that our other company will arrive on the 9th. I have requested that they be rushed here. They will have to live in the trains. Hope we can make possible a rigorous offensive to and the argument on [---] Front. Slept last night with my pistol handy more on suspicion than anything else. The French coast artillerymen have hauled a 75 thru the yards today and placed it beside the other piece near their barracks. The Bolsheviks may get the drift of the preparations and call the game off for Sunday. It would be very desirable if they would try it and be thoroughly crushed. Saw Col [Seckie] at noon and he requested me to stay over Saturday to take care of my troops. I immediately rushed to the train to bid Phillips goodbye and get my baggage off. Had lunch with the Canadian [Mess]. Spent the afternoon with Rogers, formerly military attaché and now a patrol leader for the British. He has many interesting experiences and promised me a “show” at the Front when I so desire. Went to the Canadian Mess again for dinner.

4 April Troops worked on the camp site today. Saw the C.O. of the Canadians and received final instructions for the show tomorrow. This evening one of the orderlies discovered fifteen hundred rounds of machine gun ammunition in the car next to our own. The cartridges were in belts for Vickers or Maxim guns. We can not quite figure out whether it was forgotten by some machine gun troops or whether the persons planning a surprise for us had it cached for use tomorrow. We confiscated it. Hear a rumor this evening that Russia is revolting against the Bolshevik regime. Does not seem very probable.

Diary entries 1919 Aprl 5-9 

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5 April This has been an interesting day. The early part of it was not interesting. However, I made plans to cover contingency tonight. Went to supper with Rogers and afterwards to the party which was scheduled to be the Waterloo of our officers. Nothing resulted. Sentinels were about the bldg. and Serbian M.P.s at the door. The party was an theatrical entertainment in Russian and was attended by Russians, English, Canadians, Serbs, French and Americans. A Russian buffet supper was also provided. The whole affair seemed a hospitable entertainment by the Russians and not justifying the British suspicions. I came back about 12 midnight and took out my patrol. I placed myself on from 12 to 2 for the [r---] guard officers we are maintaining tonight. I shall go to Murmansk tomorrow at 12:44. The night has been wonderfully beautiful and clear and the northern lights show palely in the sky. To return to the party, I had a curious feeling of tension all thru it as if something was going to happen but did not.

6 April Nothing having occurred up until noon, I climbed aboard a “wagon-let” that Maj. Greer had put on for me and departed at about 1 p.m. for Murmansk. Am now well provided for in two compartments of the sleeper. Am carrying my rations. We were delayed several hours at Shuretskaya by snow. Finally had to get a gang of shovellers to clear the track. Ought to arrive in Murmansk sometime Tuesday afternoon. No other [---].

7 April Have been on the train all day passing throu desolate and snow covered tundra. Train had to force thru the drifts once. Should reach Kandaleksha tonight—a point which is 170 miles from Murmansk. Bread and jam and sardines is beginning to get rather monotonous especially when coupled to no one to talk to. Hope to reach Murmansk tomorrow p.m., which ought to be one day in advance of my troops [---]. Suppose the general we are expecting will be aboard, too.

8 April Another day has passed and I am still on the train and near Kolas. I shall probably sleep aboard yet, although I had hoped to reach here by now today. 60 hours for a trip of 400 miles is quite a period. Contrast it with the same distance in 12 hrs. at home! Have been coming down the Kola River valley all afternoon. The scenery is the best along the line, since the river winds thru mountains during this part of its course. The Kola River is quite a good salmon stream in the Spring. The track is dangerously close to the bank in places. I have been wondering if this stretch is not a bad one for washouts during the thaw.

9 April Saw Col Thompson, now C.D.R. in the morning and also saw progress of Jones’s troops. Latter are doing very well and making good. The cruiser “Galveston” and “Chester” are in the harbor with our troops aboard. I learn that 90 men and all but 4 officers were left behind. We expect to debark them tomorrow and send 165 men and the four officers to Soroka, leaving 75 men with Capt. Jones to complete the railway and 10 men with Capt. Swenholt for supply duty. Went aboard the “Chester” and met Gen Richardson who comes to take command of all troops in Russia. The General seems anxious to help us in every possible way and thoroughly approves my idea to have an American base here and to maintain a small outpost on the Front. I am to go to Soroka with a Ry commission tomorrow night to settle the Ry question

Diary entries 1919 April 10-13 

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10 April Debarkation commenced this morning at 9 a.m. from the cruisers. 40 men came ashore as a baggage detail and the men for the camp also were brought to the camp and put up. The train for the troops was spotted at noon. Loading commenced at once. Stoves were found to be absent but were secured at once. British cooperated well. Saw the General again in the p.m. and arranged some further details with him. He is a very fine old gentleman and seems eager to help us to the utmost. The train pulled out at 9 p.m. after being rationed and prepared as well as possible. I am at present in the “wagon-let” which conveyed me from Soroka only two days ago together with most of the British staff and the Russian governor. I hope we can attain the control we desire in order to help the Russians to the attainment of efficiency in their railway work. Jones added 30 Chinese to his working gang on the Ry today.

11 April On the road all day making very good speed. In fact the speed is almost unbelievable for this railway. We arrive in Kem tonight and go to Soroka sometime tomorrow evening. Nothing of interest has occurred. Am in the same compartment with Maj. of Q.M.C. Expect to go to Gen. Price’s Hdqrs. tomorrow to settle the railway question. All of the powers that be including Lt. Governor Yamonleff [?] are with us to help swing the deal. Probable that we must go to Soroka to effect the final arrangements where the Gen Manager is located.

12 April Went to see Gen. Price this morning and talked over the railway scheme. He is in accord with our ideas to assume as much command as possible over the forward military area particularly. Probable that we shall get the shops at Soroka and running of the line from Soroka to the Front.

13 April Reached Soroka in the morning and found that Capt. Waid and his company had already arrived and were in their cars on a siding. Got them busy getting off and into their camp and settling. At 3 p.m. we had a conference with the Lt. Governor Yamonleff [?] and Mr. Boutarevitch [?], Gen. Man. of the railway over the railway control. Under agreement reached, we take over the shops tomorrow for all features except stores and accounting and assume charge of running and traffic control south of Soroka as rapidly as we can replace the Russian personnel. Will result in a militarized railway from Soroka to the Front with us in control of it. That is what we have desired and it will give us the opportunity to run our own show. [Running] will have to follow gradually since it is not thought possible to do it suddenly.

Diary entries 1919 April 14-17 

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14 April Came on train again last night an urgent telegram Lt. Rogers to go down to Urozers which we learn has just been captured—and will go down with the British staff to that point. Rogers apparently has something up his sleeve since I have received no less than 3 telegrams from him to come down and see the line. I suspect he meant the firing line. Arrived at 3 p.m. and went with the staff to see the Bolshevik dead. Most were Chinamen. Saw one poor little chap of 14 or 15 years who had been struck by a shell. The French armored train did great work in the attack and reduced the Bolshevik first line without trouble. 2 field guns were captured. Rogers wanted me to see the 2 destroyed bridges which the Bolsheviks had destroyed with a view to repairing them with some of my men. I agreed to stay and telegraphed for 30 men and an officer to come tomorrow to build them. Col. Thompson will send 50 men of Jones’s company for construction purposes here. Had dinner in the evening with Maj. Anderson, outpost comdr. While we were at dinner we heard much machine gun and rifle fire from the direction of the enemy. Capt. Hood’s patrol which left at 7 p.m. with the train was apparently much engaged. As it did not return at 9 p.m. the Maj becoming concerned took six of us and started down the track in the half-moonlight to see what was up. My heart was in my mouth several times as we tramped thru the rain towards we know not what. Soon we heard the train, however, and stopped it with my flashlight, after taking cover on the suspicion that the Bolsheviks had indeed engaged the enemy by the simple expedient of being surprised. He had 3 officers and one man wounded—none seriously.

15 April Was out on two patrols today arrived with rifle and revolver but nothing happened. My troops arrived at 11 p.m., Lt. Dexter in command. Tomorrow, they start on the first bridge. Some slight suspicion exists that the enemy skiers may attack tonight since it is freezing.

16 April Went on patrol a.m. and showed Dexter the bridges. Reprimanded 3 of the men for firing without notifying the sentinels. Went on another foray in the afternoon when our troops went down to begin work. The gang worked diligently all afternoon and cleared the first bridge. They will start construction tomorrow. Our gang was covered by an outpost. Nothing happened. Suspect that the Bolsheviks have cleared out of S— 17; everything is so quiet. Only [---] was some firing by a couple of Bolshevik guns somewhere down the line. Rogers saw the bursts. They seemed to be [--] on some RR point towards us. We fired the 65 m—mountain gun today also. Shall go to Soroka tomorrow.

17 April Could not get away to Soroka today. However, I went on a patrol in the morning without incident. Our bridge gang worked hard all day and made great progress on the bridge. They will doubtless finish tomorrow. We had a brush with a Bolshevik patrol in the afternoon which I missed. One Bolshevik was killed. I went out immediately afterwards, but the action was over and they had fled. The 75 on the armored train guarding our bridge workers fired a number of rounds at them and lobbed a few over into S— 17 where we could hear them working. Lt. Rogers, U.S.A. is a bold and skillful patrol leader and I expect to place some of our men under him for front line experience. The bridge men are eager and willing to fight and the same spirit pervades the whole command. Stayed in Rogers’s car again for the night.

Diary entries 1919 April 18-21 

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18 April Went on patrol in the morning. Col. Leckie came out about noon and stated that we would build no more bridges for the present and would not advance further for the present either. He said however, that we might hope for advance in the future. For the present only patrol actions with [---] as the forward outpost will be permissible and the three known [broken] bridges will protect our Front against Bolshevik trains. Further he stated that Gen. Price was quite angered with the news that three officers had been wounded the other day and that the indiscriminate practice of sending officers on patrols must cease. I shall withdraw my troops when they finish the first bridge and send later an outpost of riflemen. Returned to Leg--- with Col. Leckie p.m. and to Soroka by train the same evening. Rode part of the way on the engine with our crew since we took over railway operation south of Soroka yesterday and the shops the day before. We were delayed by the Russians but the crew did very well. Arrived at 1:40 a.m.

19 April Odell, 81 enlisted men, and 9 other officers left Murmansk on Thursday night for Soroka. They should arrive tomorrow morning at Soroka. Went to Kem with British staff to see about more complete railway control. Delayed considerable time at Sh---skaya by business of British staff. Arrived Kem 4 p.m. Arrived in Kem and had conference with Raymon traffic controller, south of Kem. Discussed general principles of our operations with him. Went to N.A.C.B. and looked up question of supplies. Troop train arrived bearing 4 new American officers reporting to me as interpreters. Odell follows later in the day. Departed for Soroka with this train and arrived 12 midnight.

20 April Loafed around car all day. Gen Zwiginsteff [?] called in the afternoon. Odell and his officers arrived and were placed on the siding. Heavy blizzard raging after a period of excellent weather. Still raging at nightfall and no sign of abating.

21 April Rogers and Dexter came up from Urosozero today and Rogers prepared a telegram to Archangel requesting his assignment to me. Dexter will return to Urosozero and act as R.T.O., mapper and track watcher. He expects to get Russian aid [in] prisoners of war. He did excellent work at the Front. Constructed a bridge in 12 hours—reported two washouts—repaired 100 feet of track—and rerailed a locomotive with only 30 men. I am quite pleased with them. Started again on the camp which was at a standstill in absence of Dexter and his car builders. Engr. Korashoff called and invited me to a “prasnick” tonight at his house. I went and had a large dinner of true Russian magnitude. Played bridge with MacKenzie, Cope and Gen Zwigentseff [?]. Did not think there was so much food in this part of Russia available for one family. The whole meeting seemed to yawn with intrigue, however, much accentuated by the fears of the British of our host and the General. My car ought to reach here tomorrow.

Diary entries 1919 April 22-25 

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22 April Nothing of incident today. Headquarters car arrived at 6 p.m. Have orders to form a flying gang to take care of the track south of 19 siding and to make a survey for a light railway at Urosozero [?]. I have also orders to go to Murmansk Thursday. Odell is working up a scheme of mobilizati9on of workmen into four military companies for us to insure better food and quarters and regular pay. The companies will be under my command and will have American officers in each company and American 1st Sgts. and Supply Sgts. The rest of the N.C.O.s will be Russians. I have five officers now who speak Russian and are available for this duty. Don’t know how it will materialize. The Russian is a peculiar animal and I don’t yet understand him.

23 April Col. Leckie called me in the afternoon and asked that I make arrangements to rebuild the bridges at Urosozero[?]. There are seven destroyed. Operations are apparently contemplated. He also directed a preliminary survey for a light railway to Seg—a River. I telegraphed to Dexter to begin and learned that A.W.R. had ordered [---] from Murmansk. Light railway is apparently to place motor[?] boats of [sic] Lake Segozero[?] and thence to Petrovzavodsk[?] by way of Lake Grega[?]. I shall try to get as many men as possible from Murmansk for this work when I go tomorrow. I shall telegraph MacMillan to send men to Urosozero[?] if I can not get some away from Murmansk. Maj. Sheffield of the machine gunner was with us for dinner in the evening and the French Colonel for tea in the afternoon. Our mess is splendid in the new Hdgqrs. car. Odell reported on the mobilization scheme for the workmen.

24 April Odell reported adversely on any voluntary scheme for the Russian workmen. They should be mobilized without argument. The men show a tendency to dicker on the matter like labor unions dealing with employers. Will take the whole thing up at Murmansk. Am now on the train en route to Murmansk after only two days of pleasant food at Soroka. Capt. Bangurg of Gen. [?]’s staff accompanied me and we are together in a first class compartment of a train with diner. I am certainly a tramp! Have not been long enough in one place to make a home of any sort! Wish I could get back to L—[?] and leave it all when I hear and experience the passive resistance of the Russians to our handling of their line. Mountains out of molehills is the motto of the Russky!

25 April On the train all day nothing of any importance occurred. Life on a Russian train is not pleasant, particularly because of lck of water. However, heat and compartments are all right. Talked at some length with Capt Small of the Intelligence Dept (British) who has many experiences of his stay in Russia to detail. Played bridge in the afternoon with the French Colonel, Small, and a young British U.C.

Diary entries 1919 April 26-30 

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26 April Arrived at Murmansk at noon thus making better time than usual. Made arrangements to stay on American car. Saw A.W.R. p.m. and had talk. Then saw Jones and the fine progress on the light railway. The camp was in splendid condition and the men contented. Jones had many fine ideas which he was putting into practice. Found recreation room, writing place, canteen, etf. Slept in the American car.

27 April Learned that I am to armor two D—[?] cars and man them with Americans for big operations in the near future. The two cars go down on Wednesday. Meanwhile I am to take one already down there and a—[?] it. Secured two Lewis and two Vickers guns for this purpose and am taking them down tonight, together with six of my machine gunners. Also I received orders to take sixty bridge men down and start building the bridges and track in front of Urosozero at once. Secured the guns, St. Garrett, and six men. Capt. Jones and 60 bridgmen with tools and departed at 8 p.m. We are the advance party of a considerable force which I believe has designs on Petrozavodsk with an attack from the lake (Onega) by motor boats already down there. An American naval Lieutenant is with the boats (Woodward).

28 April Nothing of moment this date. On train en route to Soroka all day.

29 April Arrived at Soroka in the evening. Made arrangements to give men a hot meal and to shoot them down the line same evening. Sent Odell to Murmansk to assume command. Lt. Albert also goes to secure canteen supplies. Departed at 8 p.m. for Urosozero.

30 April Arrived at Urosozero during the night and made arrangements to begin work at once. Saw Gen. Price and had a talk with him. Pushed forward at once and began work. Almost completed one bridge this date. Men are not yet in their stride but give promise of being excellent workers. Went on a long patrol thru swamps today for about 25 versts. Maj. Anderson was leader and there were eight others. We went as far as Siding 16 and there discovered that 1/2 mile of rail were gone and that all the telegraph poles were down. The enemy had departed leaving the buildings at 16 in flames. We returned urging immediate attack on Maselga[?].

Diary entries 1919 May 1-3 

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1 May We were in the midst of bridge building when I received an order to prepare 20 Americans for an advance on Maselga[?]. I took 16 of Jones’s men, 8 of MacMillan’s and 6 miscellaneous soldiers—also Lt. Rogers, Lt. Garrett, Capt. Phillips, Capt. Ferguson, and I went. We left the railhead at 10 a.m. in company with about 200 Slavs, British, Canadians, French, and English and advanced to Siding 16 where we bivouacked for four or five hours. We then advanced toward 15, the Slavs and British in advance. Two versts north of 15, the advance encountered a Bolshevik sentinel who fired 3 shots at us. Immediately a position to the front blazed out and we fell back with little firing to give the impression of being only a patrol. Americans and Canadians covered the retreat with Lewis guns. St. Ahrens of my company received a slight wound from a splinter kicked up by a bullet. We fell back 3 versts and bivouacked for the night.

2 May The outpost was attacked by the Bolsheviks early a.m. but beat them off easily. About 9 a.m. Maj. Anderson of the Canadians was given my entire command to work around in rear of the enemy and cut his communications. We had 36 men and 3 Lewis guns. We took to the swamps at 10 a.m. with instructions to throw ourselves across the rear when the main body attacked in front. With these instructions we worked thru the swamps in water to our heads for 10 versts around the enemy’s right flank. We were successful and reached a position in his rear and on the railroad about 12 noon. We then discovered that we were between a party guarding a bridge and three locomotives with armored cars to our front. Lt. Rogers was sent with five men to take the party at the bridge and the remainder of the men were deployed. Rogers was forced to open fire too soon, whereupon the rear locomotive tried to run by us. The Lewis guns trained on it jammed and it got by with only five shots from Maj. Anderson and [me]. The action was now on. The Bolsheviks evacuated their position to the front and started back thru us. The second and third locomotive started back and forth with maxim guns snapping at us. I took four men and went over to cover the right flank. No sooner had we done so then five Bolsheviks broke thru the line between us and the other Americans but were all killed at once. The Lewis guns were rather ineffective. The Bolshevik Major fell. Lt. Garrett and Sgt. Patterson of Capt. MacMillan’s company were both killed by a sniper, who was in turn killed by one of our men. I was cut off by the enemy and fell back with two men to escape capture or death. I then turned the Bolshevik left, was pursued for about a quarter mile, but penetrated the swamps and returned to the bivouack safely. There was no one there so I started toward 16 where nearly all tracks were leading. Met Capt. Glover at 16 and learned that the troops had gone forward. I was exhausted and went to my car for sleep and returned next day.

3 May Saturday Started for Maselga at 8 a.m. and arrived at 2 p.m. shortly after the battle at that point which resulted in the taking of the place was over. In this fight, we Americans were in the rear guard but Capt. Phillips and St. Rogers got into the firing line. Our other men covered the 65 mm. gun while it shelled out the Bolsheviks and went into the town tithe the troops. None hurt. We drew back to 15 at 2 p.m. bringing the men[?] back to Jones. At sunset, the Chaplain conducted a simple yet impressive service for our two dead. They were buried between 15 and Maselga within a short distance of the point where they fell. We slept in 15.

Diary entries 1919 May 4-7 

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4 May Sunday Col. Leckie, the Doctor, Capt. Fergusson[?], Lt. Wilson (Canadian) and I started back. We reached 17 about 9:30 a.m. and enjoyed a good breakfast at the car. Jones has been banging[?] the rails at great speed and we expect to make Maselga by Wednesday noon. He is doing splendid work with relatively few men.

5 May Walked thru today to the point being worked on. The railroad is advancing steadily and we hope to make good our boast of being in Maselga by Wednesday. The troops there are without rations so added zest is given to our labors. Pack trains are being used to supply the garrison[?].

6 May Walked thru to 16 today. The men have laid 1/2 mile of track today and we rest in 16 tonight. The progress is still being very rapid and we should make 15 tomorrow. Got a copy of a message sent to O.C. of the advance from Gen. Maynard, C.M.C.[?] “Please convey to all troops at and around Maselskaya my hearty congratulations on the success they have gained. I am fully aware of the hard preliminary work carried out by them and especially the American Railroad Troops, and also of the gallantry displayed by all units during many bouts of actual fighting. I am proud of what they have done and hope that their courage has laid the foundation for further success on a larger scale.” Especial mention of our troops is very pleasant and shows that the importance of their work is appreciated. 7 May The wind was up yesterday in fear of a counter attack. I was instructed to get the 75 up which we did and got into position at the first demolished bridge. This took until 4 a.m. Our troops finished up to and entered Siding 15 in the evening. We shall probably enter Maselga today. Work on the last two bridges was completed at 9 p.m. and the train steamed into Maselga. A troop train followed it later in the evening with K.R.R. men. Gen. Price is expected down also at once. The work train came into town and Capt. Jones was given a rousing reception by the garrison. He has pushed the railway thru in much less time than was expected. The town was taken on Saturday and he got in here on Wednesday (today) after laying 3/4 miles rails and building about 10 bridges. All of the British are very complimentary about the work. We will give the men a rest of 24 hours tomorrow before resuming work to the south.

Diary entries 1919 May 8-14 

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8 May Spent the day loafing around Maselga. Men were given well deserved rest. Sent the car back to Soroka on the evening train for supplies. Moved into billet for the night in Maselga village. Gen. Price called and told me that he expected to send an expedition of 200 men down the line tomorrow to seize Siding 12 and try to capture the trains at that point. Col. Leckie is to be in command and we have one company of King’s Royal Rifles as main fighting force. I shall send down with Lt. Rogers about 10 Lewis gunners and go myself to see the road. The doctor is also going down.

9 May We were carried down the line about 5 versts and there detrained. The baggage was piled on push cars which can cross the broken bridges. Also the 65 mm. gun was taken apart and brought forward with its ammunition on the push cars, two being used for the purpose. The advancement is slow and the push cars were able to bring up the baggage a short distance behind the troops and at all times. We advanced a couple of versts beyond Siding 14 and bivouacked for the night. It was a very chill evening with cutting north wind. We had plenty of wood. The Col. received a message in the evening that the airplanes will not be able to get up as expected for bombing the bridges near Siding 12. The plan was to blow a bridge in rear of 12 and one south of Mad—Gora and isolate the Bolshevik trains.

10 May Went forward at dawn today. Bolsheviks had small party in Siding 13. A small skirmish ensued in which the Bolsheviks retired. The 65 mm. got up in good shape and fired 3 rounds at the Bolshevik position. Troops occupied Siding 13 and prepared to remain until the railway gets up. I returned to Maselga in the afternoon (No one hurt in the engagement. The K.R.R.’s seem to be pretty good troops).

11 May Report this a.m. that Maj. Drake several others Brickman on the right have been killed in an engagement on that flank. Nothing more is known. Gen. Maynard expected in today. He came all right also [our] Hdqrs. car. I was glad to see the letter since I now have a home again. Gen. Price was in the car in the evening and had quite a long chat with us. He is a very interesting old gentleman of the pre-war British Army. He was quite astonished at the size of our home. Anticipate a further advance by Col. Lewis soon.

12 May There was a small outpost action today at 13. No one hurt. Took five days rations down to the troops at the Front. Very cold today for the 12th of May with a few flakes of snow flying. Will take down the cars tomorrow to 13. Went south today in the Dr—[?] car, but it broke down midway and we had to be pushed back by an engine. Pump at Maslekaya [?] has been completed by our men and is now watering engines.

13 May We moved the Hdqrs. car forward to Siding 13 this p.m. The Bolsheviks are only three versts away. There was a patrol action this a.m. in which one British soldier was wounded. Capt. Jones has advanced rapidly tho this point. No [end of notes]

14 May At Siding 13 all day. In the evening received orders for the attack on Siding 12 tomorrow. We are to push the railway thru and lend every assistance in construction of track for bringing the supplies on push cars. Made arrangements with Capt. Jones to go forward with four good men and a push car to repair track for the push cars of supplies. Col. Leckie is to command and 1 company of K.R.R. and one of Middlesex will be main fighting force. Capt. Waid, Capt. McMillan, St. Abbey, St. Fricke and a couple more of my officers flocked in for the occasion much to my disgust since I am afraid that one of them will be hit.

Diary entries 1919 May 15-19 

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15 May The K.R.R. led off this morning at 10 a.m. and encountered stiff resistance 2000 yards south of Siding 13 from machine guns and rifles. A few small shells also whistled overhead which afterwards were found to be 1 pounders. the Middlesex and Canadians were in support and followed at 1000 yards. My men cooly mended the track under fire until ordered down when too hot. They constructed two bridges during a day of almost continuous firing, of stray bullets passing over constantly. The Bolshevik position was captured at 4 p.m. together with 3 machine guns, 25 dead, and 8 prisoners by an enflanking [?] movement on the part of the K.R.R.’s The Bolsheviks retreated in disorder leaving to us a village 4 versts north of Siding 12. A prisoner stated that a gun was a verst or two down the track merely awaiting siezure. The Middlesex were immediately leap-frogged over with the Canadians to capture the prize. Instead, a verst north of Siding 12, we encountered an armored train. The troops approached to withing 200 yds before the engagement started at 9 p.m. The enemy opened a heavy machine gun fire aimlessly [?] into the woods and got one Middlesex gunner. After a half hour’s hot fire and use of rifle grenades on our part, the train withdrew firing later at us with a field gun from the car and one from the [---]. The Middlesex withdrew to a strong ridge and bivouacked for the night. Mr. Copper[?] the correspondent and I came back to Capt. Jones’s car for the night.

16 May Went up to the village and caught the advance on Siding 12 before it had gotten well started. Progress was rapid into the village where no one was found. I went a verst and a half beyond the village and discovered the track intact as far as I could see. One bridge had a pile of dynamite on the top as if the demolition man had been forced to hurry back without result. I returned to 13 and walked to Maselga where we had the car hooked to the 9 p.m. train to Soroka. Received an order from C. of S. not to have more than 2 officers and 30 men in any engagement because of specialist training.

17 May The car went into Soroka today and I learned first that we are going to have an inspector from Archangel with us in a few days and second that the camp needs a good deal of attention. I shall go to Murmansk tomorrow leaving Montgomery to hold down the Headquarters here until returning. Expect to have a fight with the A.W.R. before my return over his attitude on matters in general. Odell’s reports have indicated considerable friction at that end of the line.

18 May On the way north. Spend the day loafing and talking with Ferguson and the Chaplain. Saw Gen. Maynard and Col. Schuster at Kem, the new British G.H.Q. and had a short talk with them. The General seemed to be concerned over the question of morale and asked me to do what I can to ameliorate it. Have had no great difficulty in that way so far and hope that conditions will continue so, for I feel that we are doing the best we can for the men and that the present, at least, indicates no trouble on that score.

19 May On the way to Murmansk. Have been reading “David Copperfield” and finding it an entrancing romance growing better as I grow older. Dickens certainly selected his characters with care and from the London of his time. Played bridge in the evening with Ferguson, Maj. Kelly and St. Granger of the British Forces. Eggs for breakfast for the first time in 2 months.

Diary entries 1919 May 20-26 

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20 May Arrived in Murmansk in the early morning. Met Col. Morris at 9 a.m. and found that he is really not an inspector but rather a chief engineer on the General’s staff. Went out to the camp with him and learned that the American troops will begin withdrawal about 1 June 1919 from Archangel. Don’t know whether or not we shall be included in this. Saw A.W.R. and learned that he is going to release most of my men at once learned about 50 only in Murmansk. Put Col. Morris in the car and prepared to go south tomorrow again. Saw a press dispatch today praising our troops.

21 May About the town today getting supplies, etc. Had dinner with the officers at the camp. Train departed at 8 p.m. YMCA Secretary Mr. Yatro also with us on the trip.

22 May Ferguson checked up his accounts today and found himself 90,000 roubles short. I am astounded and hardly know what to make of it. Have him checking up again. May have to ask for a court of inquiry to clear Ferguson for I feel that he is perfectly honest. Must be a theft, although I am hoping that he can account for all of it. En route all day. 23 May Reached Soroka today and looked over the camp. Found it in good condition with the facilities increasing. Spent the night in Soroka.

24 May Enroute from 11 a.m. this morning for Maselskaya. Col. Morris still with us and desirous of seeing the troops. Road in bad shape between Urosozero and Maselskaya. Reach Maselskaya during the night. Nothing else of incident.

25 May Saw the General this a.m. and asked if the policy of substituting the Russians for us had changed. He said.... [Remainder of entry almost indecipherable]...on a beautiful lake and is much better than the usual Russian town. The Chaplain held a service in the evening.

26 May Capt. Jones expecting the motor boats down and will launch them as quickly as practicable. We spent most of the day in inactivity. The boats arrived in the evening. Jones turned out his men and began to take them thru the woods using about six or eight lengths of light rails. They were taken several versts thru the woods in this manner and finally launched in lake Onega in very quick time. Goats referred to are two motor whale boats manned by some of our own Navy personnel. The Russians have six or seven 60 or 70 ft. boats now at Maselskaya which they will bring to Medoga Gora [?] as soon as possible and launch from the wharf at that point. Jones is to lay the track to the wharf for this purpose when we can get over the bridge now holding us up.

Diary entries 1919 May 27-31 

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27 May Came to Maselskaya last night. Learned first thing this morning that Gen. Maynard’s train had been derailed last night at Siding 17 and that 9 cars had been derailed. No one was hurt. Neither were any of the horses injured. We brought all passengers to Maselskaya. Went down to Siding 17 and after a conference with several other officers we decided that the accident was caused by a defective set of wheels splitting a switch and sending one car of the train upon the siding while the others kept the main line. Russians are going to clear the wreck. I have Lt. Dexter standing by with 22 of our Russian workmen to aid. Russians claim train was going 35 versts per hour; Lt. Magett 18 versts. Mr. Bouterivitch although asleep at the time claims that the train was also going too fast. I am inclined to believe St. Magett since the train of 22 heavy cars was almost a load for a big engine. I am worrying also today over numerous fires breaking out at numerous points along the line and have ordered up spark arrestors for the locomotives.

28 May Went into Medoga Gora [?] this a.m. with the C.M.C. and saw the presentation of medals. Lt. Rogers of our troops got the M.C. We had 10 medals in the parade. Jones got the [boats] into the water today. Returned to Maselskaya and got the train out with the car at 11:30 p.m. for Soroka.

29 May Arrived in Soroka at 11 a.m. Looked over camp, took up complaints on rations. Col. Morris proposes that I go to Archangel with him and talk over our situation with the General himself. Shall cable tomorrow asking permission. Went to Mme Mahsoff’s in the evening and had the pleasure of meeting an unsophisticated girl of 18 or 19, the Russian priest’s daughter. What a pleasure!

30 May In Soroka. Have been looking into camp conditions. Bad morale. Some men broke into a British food mission warehouse and attempted to steal some sugar last night. Were Americans. Also some men stole some seed potatoes from a car going thru for the Russians. 5 of them were caught (from 168 Co.). I learn that 167 Co. also stole some. Rumor reached me that 168 Co. will strike tomorrow if their men are not released. I place no credence in that of course. The shop company seems to cause the most trouble as in the past. Wish I could get rid of them and send them back to France. They have the easiest lot here and yet are the worst troops. How I wish for my old ignorant but honest battery. I am thinking of going to Archangel with Col. Morris to see the General on policy to be used.

31 May Nothing of interest today. No strikes. Companies seem to be disaffected because of failure of British supplies. Have had no fresh meat, jam, bacon, pickles, etc for about 3 weeks. I feel that their complaint is just but I can only gnash my teeth at the shiftless British command and do my best to reassure them. They refuse to believe, however, that the British troops are without also. Cabled the General to let me come over and see him and discuss first hand the problems here. Went over to the island and called in on the wife of a Russian Lieutenant who has been very friendly to us. She is going to him soon at Povyenetz [?].

Diary entries 1919 June 1-7 

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1 June Went to Kem today with col. Morris and there received a cable authorizing me to go over to Archangel. Also received a disciplinary letter from Gen. Maynard because I had not asked his permission to go. I went to his headquarters to see him about, found him in his bath, he did not send for me but, sent the letter instead. It has made me very angry and bitter and I am expecting an apology from them after Ferguson sees them tomorrow. Ferguson will see them after my departure for I shall go just the same.

2 June Went to Popoff this a.m. and found that the “Olga” a French naval vessel was to leave at 5 p.m. the Colonel and I together with our two orderlies got aboard at 1 p.m. and the cars went back to Kem. It will take Capt Ward and Capt. McMillan down to Medorga Gora [?]. We got very comfortable cabins on the “Olga” and were pleasantly received by the French. The boat sailed at 8 p.m instead of 5 p.m. due to the fact the Captain had a couple of women aboard and could not shove off any sooner. We should make Archangel tomorrow afternoon. As I write we are passing out of the harbor and bearing out to the White Sea.

3 June Spent most of today on the “Olga” coursing thru a beautiful expanse of smooth water of the White Sea. Meals poor. Arrived at the mouth of the Duma eventually, coursed ast it northward to Economiya and Archangel. Archangel with its numerous church towers came in sight at 3 p.m. and we dropped anchor in the river at 4 p.m. Shortly thereafter the Wisconsin, Col. Morris’s boat, passed and picked us up. We went to the 310 Engr. Hdqrs. where I was put up. The officers had a party in the evening for Col. Morris at the Bungalow.

4 June Saw the General this morning and had a chat with him over various points. Took up several administrative details with other members of the staff. The loss of funds by Ferguson is bound to cause a great deal of trouble. Will go back tomorrow for further conference. May, however, wait until the “Bonaventure” later in the week. This is a good place for a little leave.

5 June Saw Col. Ruggles of the Military Mission this morning and go to lunch with him tomorrow. He is an old Coast Artilleryman. Also went to G.H.Q. again and saw the general. He has not decided whether a board of inquiry shall be constituted for Ferguson. Saw an Army list today and found that I appear to be going down the list of Captains. Must be a demotion of some of officers above me. Red Cross is sending sixty tons of supplies and Capt. Clewell over to us on the boat leaving yesterday. These supplies are very acceptable.

6 June In a fire this morning nearly all of the buildings occupied by Co. ‘C’ 310 Engrs. Were destroyed. Fire started in kitchen and speedily spread. An interesting sight was a Russian nun carrying an icon around the fire to make it go out. Later today I saw a Russian funeral, apparently an officer, including in the procession, nuns, priests, bands, and soldiers. The icon preceded the procession as per custom and was borne by a comrade of the officer. Had dinner in the evening with the General. There was present quite a distinguished crowd of officers. The General had a very sumptuous banquet.

7 June The Colonel and I went over to Bakaritza [?] in the “Wisconsin” today and looked over his detachment at that point. Bakaritza [?] is a large depot for the Force. Attended a dance in the evening at the American Headquarters. The Russian girls danced very well and many spoke English somewhat. The dance revealed quite a few adventuresses and other interesting characters. American Headquarters occupies a large building of a former school which is roomy and comfortable.

Diary entries 1919 June 8-15 

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8 June Main thing of interest today was a baseball game between the Engineers and the Naval officers of the “Des Moines”. The Army won. Have been reading one of Bulwer Lytton’s entrancing romances “The Last of the Barons.” It is a splendid historical novel.

9 June Loafed around all day and read. My boat was scheduled to go tomorrow but the sailing was postponed until some French stores are put aboard. We go on the “Bonaventure” and she will put in at Kem.

10 June More loafing. Boat did not go but is scheduled to depart soon. Nothing further.

11 June Still in Archangel. No notes.

12 June Expect to catch the “Michael Kazi” for Kem tomorrow. She is a Russian commercial steamer. Some “Eagle Boats” are also scheduled to go over so I shall probably make an effort to go on one of them. They are scheduled to depart tomorrow p.m. and will doubtless get over as quietly as the “Kazi.”

13 June Boarded “Eagle 3” last evening and cast loose at 11 p.m. Our boat had to take oil from “Eagle 2” before she was able to make the trip. The “Eagle Boat” is a short destroyer like boat about 150 ft. length, fitted up very comfortable inside with all steel fittings. The quarters are well arranged and compact. The speed is 18 knots and the armament 2-airguns and 1 3 inch antiaircraft piece. They roll tremendously and everybody including the crew, gets sea sick. I am no exception for I am terribly ill—worse than I ever was before. The sea, however, was unusually rough and was swept by a quarter gale. Wish I were off the boat! At 6 p.m. we reached Popoff and debarked in a tug. I was frankly glad to leave although all on board were very kind. Capt. Ferguson was at Popoff with the car and we went to Kem at once.

14 June Went to see Gen. Maynard and Col. Schuster today and smoothed over the tangle over my departure for Archangel. After this, had a special train made up of my car, Rogers’s car, and the sanitary train to proceed to Soroka. Have with us on the car, Mr. Remick of the Associated Press and United Press. He is over to get some first hand stories on the American Troops. I shall take him down the line to the Front. Went to Soroka in the afternoon and looked over the camp. Everybody progressing satisfactorily. Red Cross man is there just now and is doing a lot of good both to the troops and in civilian relief.

15 June In Soroka all day and left during the night for Medvedja Gora[?]. In the morning at 10 a.m. I addressed the troops encouraging their further efforts and telling them that the U.S. is still behind their work. I also stated that their stay was not now indefinite but that an end is now in view. I certainly hope that I can keep the promises to the men half-made by the higher ups. The Chaplain also had a very impressive service with his usual good sermon. In the afternoon, almost had an international complication when the guard arrested and in the process punished an unruly Serb who came into the camp drunk. Finally got the Serb taken over by one of his comrades. Visited around with the officers and received reports.

Diary entries 1919 June 16-20 

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16 June Learned on arising that a derailment of an engine and two cards had occurred at Siding 15. Due to faulty switch, no casualties. Track was cleared by 12 noon and traffic resumed. Engine rerailed at 6 p.m. Russians who maintain this stretch did the work. We passed the wreck and came into Maselga. The Chaplain photographed the grave of Pvt. J.J. Sheehan, one of our switchmen, who was killed by being caught and run over in the yards. Boy was buried beside the graves of Patterson and Garrett. Sheehan was killed 4 June while I was in Archangel. We arrived at Medvedja Gora[?] and went on to Siding 10 after going to Brigade Hdqrs. and reporting. Spent the evening at Siding 10 playing bridge with Jones, Remick and Lt. Ferguson. I shall try to stick here a day or two and see the action scheduled for Wednesday.

17 June The action will commence Thursday instead of tomorrow. I went out with a patrol four versts into no mans land this a.m. Nothing happened. The patrol was correcting a map and I was looking at the bridges. The enemy [attack] destroyed half mile of track in front of Siding 10 which Jones rebuilt last night and today. We discovered five destroyed bridges on the patrol in the 4 versts. Maj. Sheffield and Maj. Wills, the Marine’s major, had lunch with us today. They both seemed well pleased with the meal. Some of Lucy’s candy rounded off the lunch in good style. Heard some good reports that Woodward’s American boats are doing good work on the lake supplying the Russians under [--?] on our left flank.

18 June At Siding 10. Went into Medvedja Gora [?] in the afternoon looked over the Mess, ate one meal there and found everything moving along satisfactorily. Capt. Swenhoff was there with the new sales commissary car which seems to be quite a success with the men. Sales commissaryh articles are sold at the same prices as in the States. Also saw Capt. Rahorn [?] our dentist who has been making a trip down the line attending the troops. He has a very pleasant and well fitted [teplowska?] for his laboratory. Capt. Swenholt went to Siding 10 to take care of the men there in the evening.

19 June Went into Medvedya Gora today and arranged with the General that Lt. Tuttle and his armored will have target practice with their 3 pounder naval guns tomorrow. Two guns will fire and each use 50 rounds. The train seems to be ready for action now and I offered it to the General for such uses as he cares to put it. During last night a sharp burst of firing occurred toward our right front, about 2000 yds distant. We had the troops at Siding 10 stand to expecting an attack. Nothing happened. We suspected that the Bolsheviks were after the two bridges built yesterday but a patrol this a.m. found them undisturbed. All went back to bed at 5 a.m.

20 June Lt. Tuttle reports very satisfactory practice this a.m. Will send me full report later. Capt. Jones’s men idle the last day or two due to General’s order not to advance for the present. Men need to the rest. I have been lingering here hoping to see the capture of Siding 9 but there seems no certainty of action within the next few days. Things being good I moved north toward Soroka in the afternoon. Stopped a short time at Siding 11 to see the light railway which St. Moore built to Lumbriski [?] where the aviators have an airdrome.

Diary entries 1919 June 21-24 

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21 June Continued on into Soroka and there found that the inspector had arrived. He had inspected the camp and found everything as satisfactory as expected. He is here mainly to investigate Capt. Ferguson’s accounts. Shall take him down the line tomorrow. Am afraid of an adverse report on the money and have advised Ferguson to ask for a court of inquiry. Mr. Resnick of the A.P. is leaving tomorrow for Kem. He wrote a very complimentary article on the battalion for the A.P. and will send it from Kem if passed by G.H.Q.

22 June Attended to some administrative matter and departed for the south again about 11:30 a.m. Went on Gen. Maynard’s special. Had a small wreck today at Siding 22, derailing 5 cars. should be cleared by time of our arrival. Piece of wood dropped off wood train and got one of the cars off—piling up 4 more. Reached the Idel river at 9 p.m. and Gen. Maynard and Admiral McCully, U.S.W., who is with us also, fished while we took water with a pulsometer. Will reach Medvedya Gora[?] tomorrow p.m.

23 June Arrived Medvedya Gora[?] 2 p.m. took the Admiral into my car and we proceeded to Siding 10. On arrival we found ourselves in the midst of the advance on Siding 9. 2 British Companies, some artillery, and 3 airplanes are trying to take the place. When I left at 4 p.m. they were still unsuccessful. Jones’s Company went down to a bridge to repair it and were taken under fire. Pvt. Baker was seriously wounded thru the right breast. We brought him back to Maselskaya to the hospital. Returned to Soroka.

24 June Arrived this a.m. in Soroka at 6 a.m. A courier from Archangel handed me a message stating that our troops would be withdrawn by July 15. Major Scales wanted to go to Kem so we were hooked to the 11:30 a.m. train. Arrived at 1 p.m. and went to see Col. Schuster, C. of S. Ferguson turned his money to Paymaster. Returned to Soroka in evening and there received a message from Capt. Jones urging me to return to Mevedya Gora[?] at once, no reason given. Had a special made up and went down this evening.

Diary entries 1919 June 25-30 

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25 June On reaching Medvedya Gora, we went thru to Siding 10. There I learned that Gen. Maynard had sent a letter to Jones as senior officer there, asking the men to volunteer to stay longer. There was an unanimous “No” from Jones’s company. I started back to Soroka, was hooked to the General’s train at Medvedya Gora and had a conference with him at Siding 11. I agreed to try and get the men ordered to remain until August 15 and will cable General Richardson to that effect. Visited Lt. Tuttle and the armored train at the Front this a.m. The train was ordered down last night and the men were eagerly waiting to get into action. They got 20% hits in a recent target practice with their 3-pounder guns. There are 2-3 pounders, 22 machine guns, and 1 officer and 15 men as personnel.

26 June Arrived in Soroka early this a.m. after stops at Sagezla and Parandova to allow the General and Admiral Mccully to fish. Was in Soroka until noon and then proceeded north with the inspector to Murmansk. While at Kem the A.S.C. warehouses caught fire and the whole set was swept. Suppose that we shall be without food now for several weeks. It’s a mystery to me where their fire guards keep themselves. The case of Capt. Ferguson’s money seems to be clearing up into an error in issuing to him originally. I am hoping that the necessary overage will be found when the books are balanced for April. Apparently, the paymaster is hopelessly behind and does not know actually his own status of finances if the books should be the criterion.

27 June En route to Murmansk. Nothing of incident. Expect to arrive tomorrow a.m. at 7 o’clock.

28 June Signing of peace today. As I write, the whistles are droning the tidings of the signing of peace at Versailles. The ships in the harbor are alive with sound and the people are happy. Five years ago today the Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated in Serbia and the embers fanned at once into a great blaze. The Inspector went thru the camp at Murmansk and found everything satisfactory. The command and the camp look well and Odell seems to have made an effort to keep the ball rolling in good shape. The light railway is beginning to look like a good piece of work with its ballasting, bridges, straight tracks, etc.

29 June The Inspector left at 2 p.m. today and we all breathed a sigh of relief since he made himself rather unpleasant. Had lunch with Capt Odell’s mess and found everything splendid. After spending the afternoon at Murmansk, we departed for Soroka at 8 p.m. taking Capt. Odell with us to attend the Board of Inquiry on the case of Ferguson.

30 June A long journey thru the wild country of this section is being made today. The country is wild country of this section is being made today. The country is wild but beautiful. The rivers are full and rushing and the flowers are springing rapidly under 24 hours of daylight. Nothing in prospect but reading.

Diary entries 1919 July 1-8 

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1 July We passed the last stages of our journey today, reached Kem where I went to G.H.Q. Received message from A.W.R. to meet him at Soroka tomorrow. On reaching Soroka received a note from MacMillan that we are expected to turn over on July 12 and withdraw our troops on the 13th. Odell received orders to return to U.S. thru England. I shall hold him for the Board of Inquiry, however. Expect to [pile] in and get out some instructions for the command tomorrow in the interests of withdrawal.

2 July Spent the day at Soroka. Saw the A.W.R. and got instructions for replacement by the Russians. We are to be fully replaced on the 12th and may pull out on the 13th. He expressed his pleasure at the service of the battalion and got the names of some men for British recognition. May be too late to get anything from the British by reason of the long time required to make their mill grind them out. Went to Kem with the A.D.R. at 1 p.m. and had conferences with the different staff officers at G.H.Q. relative to turning over property to British.

3 July Returned to Soroka last night and have been around the office and camp today. Sent Capt. Montgomery down the line to correct the Murman Railway book. Lt. Albert is preparing a big celebration for tomorrow to which he has invited the Russians.

4 July The afternoon was marked with baseball game, volley ball and other sports for the men. Cocoa buns and limeade were served to the Russians and they made a square meal of them. A center of attraction was the small cub bear owned by one of the engineers, McDermott. All of the kids were drawn to it as a magnet. Received a message in the evening that the General and four of his officers will be over Sunday morning and to make arrangements for them to see the line.

5 July After giving instructions to get the camp in good shape, we left for Kem and Popoff at 12 noon. Went to G.H.Q. in Kem and there learned from Col. Schuster that reply to their request to retain us had been received. Pres. Wilson is willing to allow these troops to remain in Russia until Sept 1 if the men volunteer. Don’t believe they will. The two General can thrash out this question when they get together tomorrow. Left for Popoff at 9 p.m. and arrived shortly thereafter. The distance is only 7 miles.

6 July The General arrived this morning and we started south after a conference of Gen. Richardson and Gen. Maynard. Latter wants men to volunteer to stay until Aug 15. Gen. Richardson promised to ask them to do so and to speak to them personally on the subject all along the line. We made up a special at Kem consisting of Lt. Roger’s car, mine, and a “wagon let” for the General. Our mess has to take care of 18 officers. Board in Ferguson’s case will sit on route. Reached Soroka about noon. General inspected the camp and spoke to the men at 5:30 on volunteering. A vote was called for. He was pleased with the camp but the vote was overwhelmingly against staying later than July 15. We spent the night en route to the south.

7 July Lt. Dexter’s detachment was paraded for the General at 12 midnight. He was not expecting this and had gone to bed. We went on thru and arrived at Siding 9 early in the morning. There we saw Jones’s men at work, the General talked to them, received another overwhelming “No”, and we then returned to look at the 134 ft. 7 bent bridge which Jones had constructed in two days and was simply “bloody marvelous” to the British. We then came north again in the evening, the General talking to the detachments along the line and praising them highly. Meals on the trip have been excellent and all guests seem well pleased. Meantime my supply unit is busy getting things packed. Our orders to move on the 13th still hold.

8 July Arrived early this a.m. in Kem. Arranged that the General should see Ten. Richardson at 2 p.m. Saw Col. Schuster and learned that he wants us to send a detachment of 50 men to Popoff to ballast track etc. Do not want to do this but General Richardson approves it. We went to Popoff at 3 p.m. where we saw the General safely aboard Eagle 2. It set sail at 5 p.m. The General expressed great pleasure with his visit. Unloading of our engineer supplies at Popoff proceeding slowly and unsatisfactorily. Will send officer and six men over to attend to the checking. Returned to Kem at 7 p.m. and immediately connected with the pack train for Soroka. Arrived Soroka 11 p.m.

Diary entries 1919 July 9-15 

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9 July Spent the morning in the office cleaning up a number of matters. Recommended Capt. Jones for D.S.M. this date. Have a number of administrative matters to clear up. Put a kick behind the supply activities. British checkers ought to take over tomorrow or next day. Sent Lt. Ross to take care of Popoff checking.

10 July Learned today that the check of our stuff begins tomorrow. N.A.C.B., A.W.R. and A.W.M.S. representatives, not to mention an R.E. officer will be on hand. Also learned from Maj. Stibbard [?], W.A.D.R., that there will be “presentations and a review” by the [G in C] when we go thru Kem and that Gen. Maynard expect to make a speech of thanks. At 2 p.m. fire broke out in the village and swept away 14 houses. Our men turned out and performed well. We checked the fire after 2 1/2 hours fight. There are many destitute and I have wired the Red Cross to allow me to enter their warehouse and feed the people.

11 July Camp being prepared for the move north to Kola. British now desire us to take over some of the jobs in which they failed at Pop[off], and to send Capt. Jones’s company there to work until two days before the transport sails. Property is being checked over to the British—A.W.R., A.D.M.S. and N.A.C.B. being now on hand to take over.

12 July Check of property completed and receipted for. Have telegram to report to G.H.Q. tomorrow to take up matter of the parade. Plan to send both Jones and McMillan to Popoff with their companies in the hope of a speedy accomplishment of the job. We had a farewell “prasnick” for the Russians tonight. Characterized by drunkenness and Russian dances. Got disgusted and left at 12 midnight. Russians are certainly fond of strong liquor. First section of our train leaves at 3 p.m. tomorrow and second at midnight for the north. Everything progressing nicely.

13 July Went to Kem today to consult with Col. Schuster. There learned that I am getting no recognitions whatever, not even in administrative orders. Managed to get Waid and McMillan the M.C. when the General was on the verge of throwing out their recommendations. Jones gets the D.S.O. It makes me rather bitter and humiliated and I wish I had not come to Russia. All of the difficulties of organization, command, supply, morale, etc. were mine and I shouldered all blame imposed yet not one word of commendation had I personally received for the splendid work of my battalion! First section left at 3 p.m. I passed it on my way back to Soroka. I shall look around in Soroka—see that all is well and go north again with the 2nd section.

14 July Second section left last night at 12 midnight and arrived at Kem at about 4 a.m. We immediately prepared for the review scheduled for 10:30 a.m. Imagine my surprise when the General informed me that I got the D.S.O. and decorated me. Jones got the D.S.O. and Waid and McMillan the M.C. About 15 of the men were also decorated, three getting the D.C.M. I am very proud of the unit. 168 Co. left for Popoff 12:30 p.m. 167 Co. left for Murmansk shortly thereafter.

15 July En route to Kola today we learned that there is a big bridge out at the Kola River ahead and it will be necessary to transfer across it. Also learn that Lt. Hart is rebuilding the bridge. The day was uneventful except that one man was caught in the door of a baggage car and suffered serious wounds of the back and leg. We took him into my car for the rest of the journey. I have in the mess six other officers of the section. We are having good meals. I shall not give up the car when we get to the transfer point as it may be weeks before we go home. Arrived at [Pulo]zero transfer point at 2 a.m. 16 July.

Diary entries 1919 July 16-23 

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16 July We shall transfer over the river. Men all in good spirits. We reached the broken bridge at 3 a.m. and unloaded our supplies at the side of the train. Next we ferried the stuff over on a raft and carried it to a train awaiting us. It was a long and tedious job and we did not get it over until 1 p.m. At 2 p.m. we started again for Kola and after some further delays reached there at 4 p.m. Off-loaded and got the men into barracks. Found the camp in poor shape by reason lack of care. Italians it seems. We got the messes into order at once and all had supper before going to bed. I plan to go back down the line to Popoff on this evening’s train.

17 July Slept on a bench last night in Kola and stirred out at 3 a.m. to catch the south bound train. It seemed to be glued to Loparskaya[?] for good so I got off, caught a work train, and went down to the wrecked bridge. Learned that there has been a derailment beyond the big bridge which is also delaying the game. Reached the big bridge all right and saw Lt. Hart and his men at work. They are doing about half of the work and are doing it well. Lt. hart is in charge, and is having quite a time quelling strikes with the Russians, etc. There being no train at the bridge, I walked from the bridge to Pulizero, where my car is located, a distance of 20 versts. Passed the derailment en route and noted that the track built around it is nearly complete. Trains will go over tonight. I am very tired. We departed fort the south at 12 midnight.

18 July En route all day today with the expectation of reaching Kem tomorrow a.m. We got some fine speckled trout from the naval headquarters car in return for some flour. They were excellent fish.

19 July A dim foreboding of something wrong down here which guided me somewhat in deciding to come south again was proved correct when I reached Kem and learned that the men at Popoff were again in trouble over the theft of rum and brandy. Went at once to Popoff and learned that it was true, but that our troops are not the only ones implicated. Men are much dissatisfied and I am going to Kem to see if I can have them relieved. They feel that they are being exploited. by the British who are holding back the transport. This is of course untrue, but the feeling is bad anyway. They are working past July 15 and that makes them sore. Although they have done well, I shall certainly be happy when I am finally thru with them.

20 July Telegraphed the General (Maynard) today asking that my troops be relieved since the [Menominee] which is to take us is en route from England at present. Received reply that considerations of cargo discharge, etc. made it improbable that it depart earlier than the end of the month and implying that we were to stay on. Attitude of the men and officers is very sullen and I am hoping that I can persuade the General to start them north not later than Thursday. The liquor thefts show a lowering of morale and the idea seems prevalent that we are being exploited. Will have to see General when he returns Tuesday. Have been in Popoff all day.

21 July Men are pushing the work at Popff very rapidly. We have a project of 18 missen huts, 1 Worthington pump, 1 5-ton crane, about 500 feet of board walk, a light railway of 2 miles, and the ballasting of the standard railway. Besides this, we have built a garage and fixed a simplex railcar. Practically all of this will be finished before our departure. Learned that “Menominee” reached Murmansk and departs for Archangel tomorrow noon. She ought to be back in a week. Am letting several officers go over on leave to Archangel on it.

23 July The men worked like Trojans today and got the allotted amount of work done in one-half the scheduled time. Four missen huts were planned for foundations, floors, and walls. I thought it would take two days. Imagine my surprise when it took only one with intensive labor. The men came home cheerfully and seem well pleased that we depart tomorrow. It is planned to move the train into the yard about 12 noon and prepare to leave at 6 p.m. We leave Kem at 7 p.m. Expect to use tomorrow for cleaning up, etc. Practically all of the work scheduled was completed and we are leaving very well satisfied. Have one of the boys in my car who is cursed with dementia precox and looks like a hopeless case. I shall take him in the car to some point where we can put in a hospital or hospital ship.

Diary entries 1919 July 24-27 

Scope and Contents note

24 July Day was occupied in preparing for the journey north. Men are all in high spirits. We pulled the train into the Popoff yards at 2 p.m. Had it made up there and checked in our tools and blacksmithing car to the A.D.R.’s representative. The train departed for the north from Kem at 10 p.m. after a couple of hours wasted by the Russians deciding how the train should be made up again. It was disgusting and betrayed an apparent indecision in railroad matters which explains somewhat why the railway is run so poorly. However, after much trashing around the bush, they made the train up into two sections and the first section pulled out at 10 p.m. The other came later. I went on the first section.

25 July En route today and making good progress. No mishaps or delaying influences other than the usual long stops at each station. Reached Kandalaksha late in the day. Had a long talk with the Chaplain in the evening in which he unburdened to me domestic trouble which is driving him out of the ministry. His wife apparently loves another man and the Chaplain another woman. The Chaplain and his wife have never been compatible, she being no his equal in education or ambition. I feel sincerely sorry for him since he seems to have an earnest desire to succeed. At the same time, his story made me appreciate my own incomparably little wife all the more. How perfect is our understanding!

26 July This morning found us in Imandra. We there learned that we should have to wait until 3 a.m. tomorrow to get an engine for the last leg of our journey. The second section caught us at Imandra and the two remained together all day. In the morning, a few of us went out and fired at a target for a time. I found that my Bolshevik Remington is a good rifle. It shot almost as well s Doc Phillips’s Springfield and better than a Lee Enfield which one of the other officers carried. The Chaplain and the Doctor went for a long mountain climb in the afternoon. I could not muster up the “pep” to climb up with them.

27 July Left Irmanda at 8:30 p.m. last night about 6 hours ahead of expectations. Woke up this morning, not in Kola but in Murmansk. Then learned that a cable had arrived stating the “Menominee” would arrive Sunday, i.e. today sometime and that we should embark tomorrow sometime. I am spending the day in trying to hurry things up. The 167 Co. is at Kola and will come over tomorrow morning when the 168 Co. has embarked. Everything seems to be lined up in good shape and I do not anticipate any difficulties. Can hardly realize that we are at last leaving Russia and bound ostensibly for home via France.

Diary entries 1919 July 28-31 

Scope and Contents note

28 July The day is over and we are sailing down Kola inlet on our way to [Brest] on the “Menominee”. Arrival showed that Col. Bury was expected to assume charge of the boat and he proceeded to take command. I got the troops embarked in good shape and finished loading at 5 p.m. Ship is a fine roomy one with plenty of troop space. Dinner tonight for both officers and men was excellent and [argues] well for the future. Received a disciplinary letter on court martial today from Maj. Scales, our friend at Archangel, which discourages me very much. He is certainly an example of what I hope I shall never be. Let poor old Ferguson behind on the wharf drunk. Rogers was overwhelmed at seeing us leave as he was very much attached to our officers. Everyone seemed to regret our leaving Russia.

29 July On the water today. Having splendid meals and not sea sick. Ship very steady. Troops not crowded and are in good spirits. Nothing to do but loaf. Can see coast of Norway as high and black cliffs.

30 July On the water today. Nothing of interest. Usual inspections. Coast of Norway no longer in sight in its black sternness. Instead we are in the midst of a fog. Floating mine passed close to us this morning. No gun aboard to explode it.

31 July Wind rising all day resulting in very heavy sea in the evening. Many sick. Although very rough, I have not suffered a bit. Think it is because I got a good start and got the jump on the mal de mer. We expect to make Lerwick [?] in the Shetland Islands tomorrow night if all goes well. However, we have made only small progress again the heavy head wind today and a heavy sea combined.

Diary entries 1919 August1-6 

Scope and Contents note

1 August The swell has gone down somewhat and the sea is far less choppy. Everything progressing smoothly on board. Good many men seasick but the food and the conditions on board are good. I have escaped seasickness and feel that I shall avoid it entirely. Maj. Phillips my cabin mate has been somewhat ill for the last two days. We should make the Shetland Islands some time tonight.

2 August When we awoke this morning the fog had lifted and we lay in the harbor of Lerwick in the Shetland Island. Black hills surround the entrance and further back could be seen green pastures, sheep, stone fences, and old houses. The town looked very romantic and old—as it nestled in the hillside. We did not go ashore. Instead the ship received signals to allow none of the British personnel to come ashore and to proceed to Brest [?]. I would certainly have liked to go ashore at such a picturesque spot. We spent the rest of the day sailing southward again. One of the ships officers said our course shall be to the west of England and then to Brest[?].

3 August Still en route. Chaplain held a service this morning. Nothing else of incident. Everything proceeding satisfactorily.

4 August We learn that we shall arrive at Brest tomorrow afternoon. Saw the coast of Wales this morning but missed the beauties of “Narrows” between Scotland and Ireland where the passage is only twelve miles wide. The scenery is superb but we passed it in the night. Five years ago today began the great war! What a change has occurred in that period!

5 August The prediction concerning Brest proved correct. In the early afternoon we sighted the rocky hills marking its entrance and passed thru to anchorage in the harbor after picking up a pilot who came out to us in a well managed sailing boat. We at once prepared to debark. The ship was policed and the usual number of hammock found short (14). A tender with a Troop Movement Officer came alongside about 4:30 and took the personnel and hand baggage. I left Donaldson and 60 men to handle the heavy baggage, which put ashore at Pier 5 and rushed at once to Portenzen[?] camp. Supper was awaiting us in one of the splendid troop kitchens. The camp is clean and model in every respect for embarkation. after bustling around getting into our corrugated iron barracks, we were glad enough to lie down on bare springs and try to sleep.

6 August Did not get much sleep last night by reason no blankets. Al Addams got me fixed up today, however. Went to camp headquarters and learned two things. First, that I am detached and will report again to D.G.T. and second that they propose to get the battalion away by the 8th. We fell to and had cootie and delousing of the whole command before evening and accomplished a good part of our preparation for embarkation. The paper work is tremendous. Makes me wish I were in the British Army with their simple procedure. We worked most of the night, me up to midnight. Don’t believe we can make it but they must stretch a point if necessary on inspections. So far there are no orders but we are proceeding as if they will come tomorrow.

Diary entries 1919 August 7-12 

Scope and Contents note

7 August Orders came this a.m. The battalion goes on the “Calamares” and must be at the dock at 9 a.m. Equipment was incomplete in the morning but we stretched and got it all done by evening after passing a satisfactory inspection without it in the afternoon. The paperwork was not finished and this, together with the payment by Montgomery is tonight’s all night job. Citations arrived by an officer courier from Bliss for most of the officers in the battalion. I got one. All were certificates of merit signed by Gen. Pershing. I am going to try to [serve] a few more for officers overlooked. Letters of commendation came also. We lost an officer and some [men on] medical inspection [---] and they have gone to hospital.

8 August All last night was occupied in paying and getting up the paper work and we were ready to move out this morning. We left the camp at 7:30 a.m. except McMillan’s company which remained behind for police. The other three reached the wharf at 9 a.m. and were immediately put in a lighter to go to the “Calamares”. Jones was held, however, because McMillan failed to arrive until 11 a.m., thus causing the whole battalion to get a black eye. He had been arbitrarily held in camp to mend bunks when he should have been en route. However, all were on the lighter at 11:30 a.m. and I made a hurried but, for me, a regretful farewell, especially to Doc. Phillips, to my officers. I moped around the town and 9 p.m. saw me on a French train bound for Tours, homesick and worn out.

9 August Morning found me at Le mans where I proceeded to look up Bryant and Terry during the wait for a train. Both had departed for the United States and the forwarding camp had little remaining of it. In fact there are relatively few soldiers in France just now. (136,000) The 16th [grand?] Division of the T.C. is still there but very much reduced. Came down to Tours at once and reported. Bliss is in Paris but [Osturn] tells me I am slated for A.T.S. work. Gen. Cheney is now D.G.T and will not let me go home. [Oturn] and I had dinner in the evening and I was glad to hit the hay for a good sleep 10 p.m.

10 August Reported to Gen. Cheney and learned that I am to superintend embarkations, not much of a job, taking the place of one Maj. Miller. I asked to go to Armenia with Gen. Harbord, nothing doing. Went to the Hennion’s and found that Madame is at Rouen and won’t be back until the 25th. M. Hennion told me to stack up in my old place, however, and I moved in during the afternoon. At present, I am seated in my room cursing a very hot afternoon and writing in my diary. Dinner with M. Hennion in the evening.

11 August Loafed today. Bliss’s office seems to be letting down considerably. Met Mrs. Bliss at the cafeteria where she helps to serve and chatted during the evening with Col. Bender. A very uneventful day.

12 August Again loafed but took over the dope I have to show Bliss. Learned from Ostrom that I was lined up for the D.S.M., but that they got in too late. Instead, I got the citation as a [?] How I wish I could get a real recognition from the U.S. Will take over my office tomorrow. There is an officer assistant there who knows the ropes and I am depending on him to steer for a few days. Had a chat with Mrs. Bliss in the cafeteria tonight. How like Lucy! She talks only of a home and getting her hubby back to the U.S. I guess all women are alike.

Diary entries 1919 August 13-19 

Scope and Contents note

13 August Spent the day in idleness. Will go to Paris in a day or two to see about the property turned over. Have put in for a leave of 14 days to England but do not know whether or no I shall take it if granted. The departure of Maj. Miller whom I am to relieve is so uncertain now that I shall probably spend a couple of days in Paris and call it square.

14 August Nothing of interest today. Still in Tours. It is very hot and uncomfortable but fortunately the bathroom at the barracks is still working. Had dinner with Ostrom in the evening at the very nice little Café de la Paix.

15 August Orders now exist that the Headquarters move to Paris on the 1st of September. I suppose then that I shall get a little service in Paris yet. Learn that I may be lined up for another job in the A.T.S. rather than the one which I was expecting. Bliss, Mrs. Bliss, Higgins, Burrell[?], Ostrom and I had dinner in the “Croix Blanc” a café with a front resembling a stable and pretty good food within. It was a farewell party by Bliss. I am going to Paris tomorrow afternoon. I learn that Schneider, one of my Lieutenants in the Regiment, has a Captaincy now and is Secretary of the General Staff of G.H.Q. He was an information officer when I left for Russia.

16 August Made all plans to take a leave in England but Gen. Cheney did not see fit to grant it. Instead I went to the depot to go to Paris to see about the property to be billed to the British. My time table was an old one and I found myself out of luck on a train. I shall go tomorrow at 8 a.m. Nothing much doing today.

17 August Went to Paris today at 8 a.m., reached there at 12:30 and put up at the Claridge. 40f. a day for room and bath! Wish I had looked around a little bit first and sought a cheaper place. Paris is wonderful! How did I stay away so long? Beauty of a graceful clean sort abounds everywhere. Even the bridges over the Seine are of great beauty. The city is so clear, so fresh, so gay! I shall not have time to see at this time the things of interest but shall reserve them for the next trip. Expect to complete my business tomorrow and get back on Tuesday.

18 August Saw the various people necessary on the property and can probably manage its disposition all right. The engineer property for which the invoices were lost may cause difficulty but the E.P.O. will try to handle without getting them. Saw Schneider and we went out to lunch at a splendid little restaurant called the “Tipperary” Schneider seems to command a car for he is now Secy of the G.S. at G.H.Q. Went to a movie show in the p.m. showing the American operations in diagram. In the evening had Schneider to dinner with me at the Café de la Paix where he knew the head waiter. Excellent results.

19 August Left Paris last night at 11 :30 and got here at 4:30 a.m. Slept until 10 a.m. and went to the office where I sat all day with Maj. Miller. Had Bliss and Mrs. Bliss to the “Univers’ after dinner. How I admire his sweet little wife! She jolts me into remembering how much I care for my own Lucy and rouses a few pangs of homesickness. I shall have them to dinner tomorrow night in response to Bliss’s little farewell spread on Friday evening at the “Croix Blanc”.

Diary entries 1919 August 20-31   20 August Spent today learning from Miller in the embarkation office. Had Bliss and his wife to dinner at the “Cafe de la Paix” and enjoyed a very pleasant evening. 21 August Spent the day doing the business for the embarkation office. Think I shall be able to handle it in due time. 22 August Nothing of interest. Am learning the dope on embarkation in good speed. 23 August Went on a picnic with the Hennions, Brions, La Roux’s, the Col. and Mlle. Gr--? Had a swim and a row on the Chere River. Spent some time trying to teach Mlle. Gr--? to swim. We had a picnic supper and returned at 9 p.m. I go to Paris next Thursday to open up shop and lose my excellent assistant Nelson who does not go along. 24 August Spent the morning in the office and the afternoon walking. Nothing of interest. 25 August All day in the office. Madame Hennion returned in the evening and seemed very glad to see me. She has been Rouen for an extended visit with her brother-in-law. We all had dinner in the garden and she told us all about her experiences in Rouen. 26 August In the office today. Had dinner with the Hennions. 27 August I have my orders and shall proceed to Paris tomorrow, leaving my assistanat Lt. Nelson to clear matters up. He will come up about the 1st of September. 28 August Came to Paris today and went to the Hotel Continental. My office at 45 Av. Montagne is very pleasant. Expect to start work again tomorrow. Went to see Schneider reference the room which he was going to reserve for me but he is up on the battlefields with Gen. Pershing’s brother. 29 August Got settled in office today and went around with Lt. Groce to see the various people with whom we deal in the commercial tranportation business. Saw Schneider in the afternoon and went to dinner with him and two other officers at the “Dead Rat” in the Bohemian section. It was a pretty wild place but I enjoyed it very much. Got a room at a “Pension de Famille” at 18 Rue du Cirque which is very desirably located near the Champs Elysses and only 5 minutes from 45 Montagne. 30 August Spent the day in the office. Nothing of interest occurred. Usual routine. 31 August Went to the office at 10 a.m. and found Lt. Groce there. He proposed that we go over to Notre Dame and see the cathedral and maybe high mass. We went and I ws astonished at the size and grandeur of the cathedral. It is much like Tours however, in general characteristics. In the afternoon we went in a car to Versailles and there saw the Palace. It is truly a marvelous collection of buildings and the gardens are wonderfully interesting. The fountains of Versailles are especially noted and today was one of the days when they were turned on. On our way back thru beautiful parks and over boulevards, the car skidded on the slippery pavement turned completely around over the curbing and ended up against a stone wall. We expected a crash but nothing happened since we were going slowly. The rear mud guard was bent and this was the extent of the damage. I certainly breathed a sigh of relief when we started safely again.

Diary entries 1919 September 1-12 

Scope and Contents note

1 September Work at the office. Everything settled and running in good shape. Have moved to another room 407 which relieve congestion somewhat.

2 September In Paris. Nothing of interest. Have walked a good deal in the vicinity of Hdqrs. in my spare moments.

3 September No notes.

4 September No notes.

5 September Expect to go to Tours tomorrow. Mme. Hennion has written me a very friendly letter asking me to come again and I am thinking of doing so. Received a letter from Lucy today telling of Ethel’s engagement to “Dan Carroll. Wonder if he is worthy of her?

6 September After a morning in the office went to see the Luxemburg palace, gardens Museé de Cluny, Univ of Paris, etc. Was well pleased with the exquisite beauty particularly of the gardens. The Univ of Paris is very forbidding in appearance and quite a contrast to our own Princeton or Missouri. Absence of parking or student life seems to characterize it. The Museum of Cluny is one of the most perfect Renaissance buildings which I have seen. It is built on the site of an old Roman palace.

7 September Went to see the Eiffel Tower today and the Trocodero. Most interesting part of the Trocodero is an underground aquarium hewn out of solid rock, the fish being in ponds above. The Bliss’s have returned from Rheims and are full of wonder on the question of ruins. Bliss seems to think that the cathedral is not as much wrecked as it might have been and is inclined to the belief that the Germans seemed to have spared it somewhat if one compare it with the rest of the town.

8 September My office is steadily dying. Every day now I simply clean up the routine in a few minutes in the morning and then read the rest of the day.

9 September Routine day. Nothing of interest.

10 September Nothing but some more time at east in the office. How I long for active service again.

11 September Am planning to go to Tours this Saturday since I did not manage it this past week.

12 September Bliss was seized with a sudden illness today and could not go to the Opera and dinner in the evening. However, he insisted that Mrs. Bliss go so I took her. We saw “Thais” [?] presented. The opera is excellent but I know others I like better. The French like Thais [?] very much—because it’s massenet [?] I suppose. Mrs. Bliss, affectionate little wife as she is, would not even stop at a cafe afterwards so eager was she to return to her husband.

Diary entries 1919 September 13-21 

Scope and Contents note

13 September After a morning spent in the office I took train at 2:30 p.m. and went to Tours. Madame Hennion was at the station and seemed very glad to see me. We went to the house and then rushed back to the cathedral to see the ceremony for the 66th Regiment whose homecoming is being celebrated in Tours tomorrow. We wee too late, however. On return met Mme. Hennion’s sister-in-law and family who are also visiting. Had dinner and retired early not in my old room but in Pierre’s.

14 September Saw the review of the 66th Regt. at 9:30 a.m. and was struck by a singular listlessness and lack of enthusiasm on the part of the crowd. They seem fed up on war and the socialist element is very strong here. The town is splendidly decorated and many peasants are in to see the sights. In the afternoon I attended an official affair to dedicate new colors to the Regt. It was very hot and the ceremony uninteresting, so Mme. and I left early. After dinner in the evening we went out and looked at the illumination which was very brilliant. I leave Tours at 2 a.m. and shall arrive in Paris early tomorrow morning.

15 September Arrived Paris at 8 a.m. after standing up nearly whole distance. French express certainly lack adequate 1st class accommodations. I shall be glad when I need not ride them any longer. Spent the day in the office half asleep most of the time. Col. Miller told me that I should probably be released about Oct. 1 to return to U.S. How I hope this will be true for I am becoming really concerned about my little wife and baby in the move which is necessary for her father at this conference—and I feel that I ought to get back to them.

16 September In office today.

17 September Nothing of interest. Called on Mrs. Bliss in the evening and gave some information which I had collected. Had lunch with Ferguson, who has suddenly popped in from Russia, with the woman who keeps his “home” in Paris. Got away without any scandal. Ferguson must see the C. of S. here about the money lost by him.

18 September Planned to go to dinner with Ferguson but broke away when he revealed two chorus ladies as company and went instead to a cafe by myself where I met and talked with a demobilized engineer officer. Ferguson saw the C. of S. today and has staved off action for the time being, since the money concerned has never been claimed by the British government from the U.S.

19 September Nothing of interest. Went to the Apollo dance hall in the evening and had a few dances.

20 September Had Ferguson to dinner tonight and then went with him to the Casino de Paris. The presentation was a typical American burlesque show.

21 September Mrs. Bliss invited me to the “Tales of Hoffman” at the Opèra Comique[?] to which I went in company of Mrs. Bliss and Mr. and Mrs. Young. After the opera which was well presented we went to the Young’s apartment where we had refreshments and Mrs. Bliss danced for us to the music of a phonograph. Went to see Napoleon’s tomb and the “Invalides” in the afternoon.

Diary entries 1919 September 22- 

Scope and Contents note

22 September Thought that check of Col. Bliss’ which I had drawn for him from the paymaster had been lost and turned around looking for it. Learned, however that Gen. Bliss had received it from Capt. Ferguson and that the whole matter was properly taken care of. I was much relieved.

23 September Examined an officer for regular commission this a.m. and broached my desire to Col. Ruggles former attaché to Russia that I should like to be an observer with Denikins [?] Army in southern Russia. He said he would recommend me. This would be an excellent opportunity if it turned out properly.

24 September Nothing of interest. Expect to go to Tours again Saturday.

25 September No notes.

26 September No notes.

27 September Left Paris at 2:30 p.m. and arrived at Tours at 6:37 p.m. Madame Hennion and Pierre met me at the train. Had dinner and the evening with the Hennion’s.

28 September Rained all day and spoiled a visit to Chateau Langeai---? Instead we went to see the gloomy home of Louis Onze, Plessis les Tours, which is in the environs of the city. We were forbidden to enter because it is now a vaccine factory and the private owner does not wish visitors.

29 September Returned to Paris this morning after being delayed three hours by a derailment outside of Paris.

30 September In office today. Lindsey, Col. Miller’s assistant, is leaving so I am now opposite the Executive Officer and am doomed to stay until the Headquarters close up. Bliss is being released but does not want to go back now. What an irony when I want to get back to Lucy so ardently.

Diary entries 1919 October 1-15 

Scope and Contents note

1 October Pay day. Glad to get some money again since I was getting pretty low after lending Ferguson 200 francs to tide over his insolvency at the end of the month.

2 October Spent the day in the office. Rainy and cold in Paris for it is the equinoctial period. Nothing else of interest.

3 October Office.

4 October Office.

5 October Office.

6 October Office.

7 October Office.

8 October Office.

9 October Office.

10 October Office. Go to Tours tomorrow.

11 October Went to Tours today and arrived at 6:30 p.m. The Hennions received me in the same delightful hospitality as in the past. Their brother-in-law was there. Madame and the brother-in-law returned from Chateau de Chambard on the train which carried me. We expect to visit Langeaus[?] tomorrow.

12 October Went to the Chateau de Langeaus[?] It is located at Langeais. is stern and straight, was constructed by Louis XI. At present it is completely furnished and is inhabited also. Guides are on hand to show people around.

13 October Stayed last night at Tours and returned this morning where I found orders for me to go on a battlefield trip tomorrow. The General says he will release me when I return and I can go home if I can get by the A.G.O.

14 October Spent the morning in the office. At 5 p.m. took train and went to Chateau Thierry where I met the officers to go on the trip with me and made necessary plans for tomorrow. We got dinner and beds at a shelled hotel near the station.

15 October Took automobile and went thru following places: Vaux, Bellau, Baurpaire[?], Farnu, Soissons, Chemin de Dames, Vailly, Rheims, Tardenois and Chateau Thierny. We lunched at Soissons and dined at Chateau Thierny. Near Vailly the limousine skidded and nearly turned over a cliff. My heart was certainly in my mouth. We took train at 7:30 p.m. and proceeded to Chalons where we spent the night.

Diary entries 1919 October 16-22 

Scope and Contents note

16 October The cars arrived at 8 a.m. and the ten of us piled in. It was a cold and drizzly day. We then toward north [turned] north thru St. Me--? and St. Mihiel. At the latter place we lunched. One car set out for Thiaucourt [?] while mine with a broken spring went directly north to Romagne. We passed thru Verdun and the Meuse country north over which the Americans fought and arrived at Romagne with its great cemetery of 22500 graves at 6 p.m. We ate at the officer’s mess and slept in a barrack near by.

17 October Spent today around Verdun and north of the city. Saw Douaumont and other forst of interest. Lunched in Verdun and then started south and west. We passed the Esne, Malancourt, Montfaucon, and past Dead Man’s Hill. Madeleine Farm was also the scene of a hot engagement for the Americans. We arrived about 5:30 p.m. at Romagne after seeing the Crown Prince’s headquarters at Montfaucon and various features of the defensive positions.

18 October Went today by way of Busancy Grandpre, [?], La Chalade, St. Menebould, and Chalons. Saw several huge mine craters at La Fille Morte and a complete defense system there also. This region is the midst of the Argonne and is wild and untouched yet, after the war. We entered the woods near Varennes and saw a large German headquarters with concrete dugouts and all of the comforts of home.

19 October Arrived O.K. last night at 10 p.m. Came to office today and learned from Bliss that I may be reassigned by the A.G.O. I shall be terribly disappointed if so. Tried to see Thiele in charge of these assignments but he was not in.

20 October Saw Thiele today and he said that so far as he was concerned I could consider myself relieved, and to ask for embarkation orders. I went up and of course put in for them. Then I learned that Gen. Cheney wants me to go to Courland with him on the mission to get the Germans out of Russia. I shall go, although it wrenches my heart to be thus taken from Lucy again. Believe I am being advanced somewhat by this action however.

21 October It seems a certainty now that I shall go to the Baltic provinces with General Cheney. He is taking with us Col. Cooke of the C.A.C. and three persons as an office staff. I shall be executive and finance officer and we go on an expense basis entirely. Gen. Mangen] of the French Army heads the mission. We expect to depart next week with me taking the General’s car thru to Berlin and the others proceeding by train.

22 October Have been scurrying around for personnel today and we have decided on a chauffeur, an interpreter, and a stenographer. I secured a very good man for interpreter who speaks Italian, French, German, and Russian. I hardly dare to cable to Lucy that I am going on another mission. However, I am very sure she will appreciate my attitude as being for our own good. Am beginning to look forward to this expedition. The General seems far more cordial since I know him better in this work.

Diary entries 1919 October 23-31 

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23 October No further dope on our expedition. Looks as if Col. Cooke C.A.C. whom Gen. Cheney was expecting to take will not go. That makes only the General and me. I tremble to think that the burden of this mission descends on me if the General becomes ill. And he is in bad health, too! However, if he does become ill, it would be my opportunity and heaven help me to improve it.

24 October The personnel we expect, i.e. Gen. Cheney, myself, an orderly, a chauffeur, an interpreter and a stenographer are all lined up. I will be transferred to the Peace Conference. We expect to take the Cadillac car and I will take it overland to Germany.

25 October Signed up for the Cadillac car today. No other developments. Read up some on the political situation in the Baltic provinces. No orders yet. Gen. Cheney called on Gen. Mangen and learned to his surprise that Gen. Mangin has not yet been officially apprised of his appointment. We can not get away until about Wednesday of next week.

26 October Went to see the Palace of the Louvre this afternoon and the gardens of the Tuileries. The Louvre is the largest palace that I have so far seen in Europe.

27 October General Cheney learned today that Gen. Niessel takes the place of Gen. Mangen as French member of the mission and that Gen. Turner will be British member. The latter called on Gen. Cheney today and they had a long conference on the plans. Gen. Turner is the same Gen. Turner who was at Archangel.

28 October The General and I went to the Equitable Trust Co. today and secured our funds on the $10,000 draft which Mr. Young, Disbursing Officer of Peace Commission, gave me yesterday. We changed the draft into a letter of credit for $9000, £200 in currency, and 980 fr. It now develops that we depart next Wednesday, the 5th November at 8 p.m. on a special train for Cologne and Berlin. From thence we expect to go to Riga and make that our seat until we can get to Petrograd.

29 October Busy at the office today on details for the mission. Learned that we take two limousines instead of one. the party as now constituted consists of Gen. Cheney, Lt. Col. A. L. Loustalot, 1st Lt. A. F. Messick and I. In addition there are: Mr. Adolfo Soroko, interpreter; Mr. Max Sebiri, stenographer; Sgts. Dick T. Kelly and Edward L. Kelly chauffeur and orderly respectively and another chauffeur no yet named. The British take 20 officers, the French 20, the Japanese 1, and the Italians 5.

30 October Tuttle and Abbey drifted in today after a series of adventures in the Baltic province on return from Archangel. Abbey returned 350 francs to me which he bilked from the men on the exchange of roubles to pounds when we were in Russia. The General questioned the pair of them. They are to be discharged tomorrow since there is no pay for them after Nov. 1, 1919.

31 October Busy getting orders and other papers in shape. Nothing of interest. Took the Bliss family to dinner at the “Savoia” in the evening and they seemed well pleased.

Diary entries 1919 November 1-8 

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1 November Expected to go to Tours today but pressure of business prevented. We now learn that we proceed to Cologne, then to Berlin. The officers go commercial passenger train on Wednesday 10 p.m. to Cologne where a special train is being made up. We take two automobiles and the freight train with the baggage precedes us on Tuesday at 4 p.m. Lt. Messick will accompany the freight train.

2 November No development. Slept in the afternoon.

3 November Making final arrangements for departure of the boxes tomorrow. Struck a snag when the Q.M. disclaimed any knowledge of the requisition I had put in to him some days past. Went to dinner in the evening with Gen. Cheney and the officers in the G.C. Attended a conference of the mission with the Lettonian, Lithuanian, and Esthonian [?] delegates at 3 p.m. where the questions dealing with the German evacuation of the Baltic provinces were discussed.

4 November After much hustle and confusion we got the baggage and the two limousines aboard a baggage train and started. Lt. Messick to Cologne with it. He had quite a hard time getting the clothing for the men although the Q.M. had received my requisition in due form. The General, Loustalot, and I depart tomorrow 10 p.m. from the Gare du Nord.

5 November Wrote some letters, took farewell of the Bliss’s and the office and reported at 10 p.m. We took the express for Cologne and pursued a route thru Charleroi, Namur, Liege and thence to Cologne. Col. Loustalot, another American officer en route to Berlin and I slept in a first class compartment. The General in the mission have wagon lets places and the other officers are all grouped in a good 1st class coach. We should reach Cologne tomorrow at 11 a.m. I hope that Messick and the men have gotten thru without mishap.

6 November Arrived at Cologne at 1:30 p.m. and there me Messick who stated that his train had come thru all right and that it was 15 miles out of Cologne at the moment, after being transferred to a German train. All well. We went to the Kronprinz Hotel. In the afternoon, the General and I walked about in the rain and looked into shop windows. Everything was very cheap when reduced to American money. For example, Goerz field glasses were about $18. We saw many toys and mechanical devices for the kids. The British are in occupation and their lot does not seem hard. Departed at 8 p.m. for Berlin in a special train composed of 2 salon sleepers, 2 sleeping cars, and several 3rd class coaches. Changed some money at 4.1 marks to the franc in Cologne.

7 November Arrived in Berlin at 10 a.m. and stayed in the train until 1 p.m. because or the popular feeling at the moment. Our section was put up at the Kaiserhof, a fine big hotel with all conveniences. We had a meeting of the mission at 4 p.m. to discuss what was to be put up to the Germans. At 5 p.m. we went to the Bureaus of Foreign Affairs and the objects and thoughts of the Allies voiced to the German delegates (Admiral Hopman, Maj. Von Kessler, a German Captain, and two Foreign Affairs officials) by General Miessel. We received certain information on the situation from the Germans who declare that they are doing a maximum to hasten the evacuation. We expect to depart in a few days for the scene of our activities. Dined at 8 p.m. at the “Bristol”.

8 November The Mission had a meeting at 11 a.m. and discussed the problems to be taken up at the 5 p.m. conference with the German delegates. At 5 p.m. the meeting occurred and the replies to the questions posed by Gen. Miessel yesterday were found to be generally unsatisfactory. Another meeting was scheduled for 4 p.m. Monday and it was decided to leave for Könegsberg at 8:35 Tuesday morning. Messik arrived at the “Kaiserhof” when we returned from dinner at the “Bristol”. The meals at the “Bristol’ where we all mess with General Miessel are excellent for “starving” Berlin. Berlin is under a blanket of snow but the General and I found this afternoon that the Tiergarten, Brandenberg Gate and other points of interest are still worth seeing.

Diary entries 1919 November 9-14 

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9 November The baggage goes tomorrow and we get under way to Könegsberg on Tuesday. The General and Col. Loustalot attended a conference with the Baltic representatives this morning which lasted three hours and developed the situation in the Baltic. We had quite an elaborate luncheon at the “Bristol” and walked down “Unter den Linden” in the afternoon to see the University and other public buildings. There does not seem to be marked demonstrating of hostility on the part of the people but this may be due to their discipline. Today is the anniversary of the German Socialist revolution and the authorities were expecting a demonstration or an uprising. Patrols went about the streets but nothing happened. The people seen on the streets seem gloomy and depressed.

10 November The General attended a conference this morning of the chiefs of the Sec[tions] with War Minister Noske [?]. The General says that Noske was plainly annoyed and not much interested in the proceedings. He seemed inclined to grant Admir. Hopman plenary powers in the mission. A cabinet meeting was held in the afternoon in which the powers of the German delegates were outlined. Power to act is given Admirial Hopman. The German delegates are well adapted for this work and are easy to deal with—even-tempered, etc. There was another conference discussing the essential responsibility of the German government for their troops in the Baltics. The General and I walked in the p.m. in the snow.

11 November At 11 a.m. today a year ago, the war ceased. Today at the same hour I listened to the rendition by the German delegates of questions posed by General Miessel in our first meeting. Plans were made to depart for Könegsberg tonight. Lt. Messick had great difficulty getting the baggage and automobiles loaded on the freight train. The carrier which the French promised for our baggage did not appear at 5 p.m. and he hurried our possessions to the Friedricksbahuhof [?] in taxicabs. We departed for Könegsberg at 8:35 p.m. in two special trains with sleeping cars and drawing room cars. The German delegates are with us in the same train.

12 November Arrived in Könegsberg in the early morning and spent the day there in interviews with the German regional commander who has the control of the frontier. The effort was made to cause him to make the frontier guard more affective. He was not particularly well disposed. Our electric lights have failed us since the train is stationary. The food is not particularly good in our Speice wagon since one of the enlisted French cooks is presiding. Left for Tilsit at 2 a.m. for conference with Lt. Gen. Von Eberhardt who commanded the German troops in the Baltic. Gen. Eberhardt’s staff has just arrived in Tilsit from Mitau. Chauffeur Kelley turned up drunk and will be reduced to Sgt. tomorrow.

13 November We unloaded the automobiles in Tilsit this morning and found both radiators cracked. We took the cars to a repair shop where we learn it will be necessary to send them to Könegsberg for repair. There was a conference with Gen. Eberhardt this afternoon where measures for the evacuation were discussed. The General seemed cooperative. Col. Loustalot is being left here with several French officers as [con--] over the railway and roads from the North. Loustalot hated to part from the crowd but we secured him a room at the “Kaiserhof” and moved him out to the hotel. Chauffeurs Kelly and Sailor remain also at the “Kaiserhof” and stand by the cars. Left for Kowno during the night.

14 November Arrived at Eydkuhnen [?] near the border in the early morning after a delay of several hours. We moved on a few miles to Werballen [?], the frontier station where we were again hung up while the Lithuanians hunted for a locomotive. About 2 p.m. we departed again and arrived in Kovno[?] about 3 o’clock. The Lithuanian Premier was there to meet us with a complimentary guard turn-out. Gen. Miessel greeted the guard Russian fashion by the hail “good morning my children”. Messick was quite tickled with the customary retort on the part of the troops of “good health to you, my Genral!” The mission then proceeded to the home of the President of Lithuania, had a heavy Russian lunch, and met the Lithuanian dignitaries. Messick, Capt. Garrad of the British and I slipped away instead to tea and French pastry. We got many items of interesting information there. Among other things we saw a picture of a fine new all steel airplane captured from the Boches while en route to the Bolsheviks with two Boche passengers and much information about the anti-Bolshevik forces. This airplane is in Kovno and is a new type monoplane.

Diary entries 1919 November 15-20 

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15 November A telegram was received from Admiral Hopman this evening at 6 p.m. that Bermondt has place himself under the orders of Von Eberhardt. If this is true, the evacuation of all troops and the final accomplishment of our purpose is only a question of time. We depart tomorrow taking with us the majority of the German diplomatic personnel in Kovno who have ordered out by the Lithuanian govt on the instigation of Gen. Miessel. The Germans have about 60 people, representing their diplomatic interests here and most of them are unnecessary. I attended a Lithuanian dance in the evening but took no part since the dances were national and the waltzes the usual furious round and rounds.

16 November Spent the morning in looking over my accounts. In the afternoon we got under way for Tilsit again taking with us the surplus German of the diplomatic mission. They were furious at the accommodations on their cars. Mr. Simpson of the A.R.A. called on us this morning. He is charged with the feeding of 25,000 children in this region. With one other American he directs a chain of soup kitchens for the children. His work is non-partisan, as he feeds the children in Bermondt’ area as well as elsewhere and passes back and forward thru the lines at will. We are experiencing the usual Russian railway delays in our journey each station being a long stop. The Germans are not so bad in this respect.

17 November Spent the day in Tilsit. About night fall a report came in that Bermondt had received a severe repulse at Liban and Mitan and was falling back in Schavli. The report stated that 600 wounded had arrived here. It was our intention to go to Memel day after tomorrow and from thence to Riga but if this report be true it may change our plans. The commission feels that the Germans are holding back information on us and that Bermondt submitted only when defeated. We expect to go from Memel to Riga in a British cruiser when the time comes. Our motor cars are still out of action and we cannot predict when they will be ready.

18 November Spent the day again in Tilsit. In the evening it was decided to proceed to Memel tomorrow where the commission will then board a warship to go to Riga. Probably only the heads will go. The day has been exceedingly cold and uncomfortable and is said to be unusually cold at this time of year for East Prussia. I am becoming thoroughly disgusted with my present duties and all [---] with them. The General seems inclined to find fault only and nothing seems to please him. Wish he would relieve me and send me back as I am fast becoming more and more disgusted.

19 November Left Tilsit at 10:30 a.m. and proceeded to Memel. Arrived at latter place 2:00 p.m. It was expected that warships (torpedo boats) would be there to take a limited number of the mission to Riga, but none were in evidence. The Letts are actively pressing Bermondt back and our cue seems to be to hurry the cessation of hostilities and allow the German elbowroom to evacuate. It is very cold in Memel and I am not stirring far from the train. I do not expect to go with the General to Riga.

20 November In Memel all day. The cruiser expected did not arrive and we waited all day in vain. In the morning, however, the commission ran up to Bajoren on the border near Memel and found that absolutely no instructions had been given by the German authorities to their people on the ground with a view toward closing the frontier. A French controle mission is on the ground but they can do little without proper cooperation. We returned to Memel and from there went to Tilsit again. Bernandt and his staff seem to have disappeared and the Germans are being badly hampered by the Letts. We have just heard that a Lithuanian battalion has [thrown] itself across the railway at Tauroggen [?], thus menacing the German retreat.

Diary entries 1919 November 21-25 

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21 November Went up to Tauroggen [?] today (in Lithuania) and the commission conferred with the Germans and the Liths. The commission urged the Lith commander to let the Germans pass and get out and arranged for exchange of prisoners. We brought back ten released Germans with us. Tauroggen [?] was found to be a sprawling snow covered typical Slavic village. As we were leaving, we learned that a Lett force had gotten across the Railway at Radzuwilliski[?], near Schavli. It was decided to send one French officer, one American, one Lithuanian, and one German officer in a German armored train to reason with the Lett commander and get him to get off the German [---] of C. Lt. Messick represented us and hustled away in a hurry to catch the ironclad.

22 November In Tilsit all day. Worked on my accounts. Col. Dosse left this morning for Schavli where he is attempting to arrange an armistice to allow the Germans to retreat. The Letts and Liths are pressing the Germans closely in that area. Messick has not yet been heard from. Went for a walk in the town in the afternoon and me many hostile looks and crowded streets. It is a market day. About 10 p.m. a crowded German troop train with two guns went forward in the direction of Schavli. It caused some excitement in the commission, passing as it did under our very noses. I have been wondering what is the next move. It certainly appears that the Germans cannot be trusted to play fairly. 23 November Tilsit. Another armored train went thru today and proceeded in the direction of Melmel. General Messel is tearing his hair and sending frantic messages to Hopman to hold them up at the frontier. The train mentioned belonged to the “Iron Division” and carried the Death’s Head insignia of that unit. a courier arrived today and brought me seven letters from Lucy and a photograph of her, and Emily at 5 months of age. Lucy is apparently getting tired of waiting as was evidenced by the tone of one of her letters. I shall endeavor to go straight home when this show is completed, since her happiness is certainly superior to any calls over here.

24 November Still in Tilsit. Nothing of interest except numerous conferences.

25 November Tilsit—nothing of interest.

Diary entries 1919 Nobember 26-30 

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26 November Lt. Messick returned this evening after an interesting bit of excitement among the Lithuanians. He was fire on when trying to get the Lithuanians off the railways so that the Germans could retreat. He was unfortunately in a German armored train and Russians generally fire without inquiring as to who’s who.

27 November Messick expects to leave for Schavli tonight. He is carrying dispatches for the Mission and is occupying half of my compartment. It is certainly crowded with two and baggage especially in view of Messick’s carelessness in “bulling” around the shop and his capacity for accidentally smashing stuff. Have set up a little office in a new coach which has been put on the train and am much better satisfied. It only increased the confusion in my compartment to have the typewriter and all other office equipment installed.

28 November Messick arose at 5 a.m. to go to Schavli and then made the discovery that his dispatches had disappeared. Also two towels which I had lent him disappeared at the same time. He stewed around a good deal taking the whole room to pieces, succeeded in smashing Garrod’s thermos bottle, my comb, and his own amber cigarette holder, but not finding the dispatches. In reporting it to the Chief of Staff he was told that they were not of great importance. They will give him copies and he will go again tomorrow. It certainly looks like a theft but I cannot see why on earth the towels were taken. Also nothing else was taken and worst of all both of us were asleep in the compartment at the time and were not awakened.

29 November The car came out of repair today again at an expense of 685 marks and seems to run very smoothly. Gen. Turner expects to run up to Memel tomorrow in the car. Gen. Cheney goes with him. Thence they proceed to Liban and will be back in a day or two. Messick’s lost papers, less certain documents, were found by the Germans in the town and returned to us. The case is more puzzling than ever and General Miessel is beginning to suspect a certain officer in the train.

30 November Spent the day quietly. Received the news today that nearly 6000 men have already been evacuated from Baltikum [?]. Many cases of “mauvaise bolonte” [?] hage also been cited. One train, for example, was routed according to the Germans, for Insterburg. Two French controle officers boarded the train and went to Insterburg with it to see what it contained. On arrival a polite German officer escorted them to a hotel where a room had been reserved. When they returned to the station, the train had departed for Könegsberg and they were shaken off. It would be funny were it not for the difficulties it creates for us.

Diary entries 1919 December 1-8 

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1 December Balanced up my books today. Gen. Cheney returned from Liban in the evening. The car apparently stood up very well. Learned today that the Iron Division intends to come back into Germany with a view to overturning the government and restabilizing the old regime. We have notified the German government and propose to scatter the units of this Division as they return. They also wanted to march overland as a unit from Baltikum (to pillage the country) but we have received assurances from Gen. Eberhardt that they will come out by train.

2 December Nearly 9000 men have been evacuated so far. Col. Dosse’s train was machine gunned at Schavli a few days ago all of the bullets going thru the German delegate’s car. The Germans and Col. Dosse return to Tilsit tomorrow night by reason of serious developments in Berlin (Spartanists?) and the increasing danger in Schavli. There are many disbanded groups causing trouble and Tilsit is taking precautions by the use of strong patrols in the town. We are keeping our men out of cafés and other places where friction might arise. The problem of evacuated Russians from Bermondt’s force is being solved rather satisfactorily by sending them into the interior. Judevitsch has collapsed and it is now no use to send them to him. Further, the Letts and Esthonians [?] do not want them. Sad plight for poor Russians who would struggle against the Bolos!!! They are rather worthless, so I do not wonder at the general apathy about receiving them.

3 December Trains have been passing today loaded with troops and material. One grenade was exploded near us last night, and two more today. The “Iron Division” begins to pass tomorrow, a time of some danger for us. We shall breathe in relief when they are all safely accounted for. An interesting report is expected from Dosse when he returns tomorrow. The German delegates are apparently concerned over affairs in Berlin in view of the projected coup detent of Bermondt and his crowd.

4 December Messick returned this morning with the Mission or Dosse and reported that conditions in Schavli are much worse than was expected. He claims that he has very little to say and is merely displaying the American uniform. He is also ill and it is doubtful if the General will send him back, and probable that I will go in his place. Dosse’s report was given in the meeting this morning and was very interesting. I was not present but expect to get its gist from the journal of the Russian tomorrow. Later in the day, the General decided not to send Messick or any one else up to Schavli again. Information received from Memel indicates that majority of “Iron Division” seems to be marching overland on Memel.

5 December Col. Dosse’s report showed that the evacuation was progressing very satisfactorily and that 1/3 of the “Iron Division” could be depended upon to come out by railway as ordered. Information of yesterday of movement of “Iron Division” was substantiated and it looks as if the “Division [?]” proposes to concentrate on Memel to take part in the threatened reactionary movement. I am expecting to go to Memel tomorrow in the car to escort a Lettish officer. Delphaye goes with me (British Majr) too.

6 December Proceeded to Memel at 9:30 a.m. and reached there at 12 noon. Had dinner with Loustalot and Pearson (British). Learned that a member of the “Iron Division” staff is expected today as are advance party, and return to Tilsit, leaving Memel at 2:45 p.m. and arriving Tilsit at 5 p.m. The distance is 65 miles. We were stopped twice on the way back by “Einwohnerweher” troops, the new citizens police just formed. They had little to say when they saw our passes and learned we were of the Commission. Learned this morning from the Lettish officer with us that Gen. Eberhardt leaves Schavli today. The Lett [---] up Schavli representing himself as German command at Tilsit inquired about some Lettish officers and found out that they were leaving with Gen. Eberhardt for Tilsit at 8 a.m.

7 December Information came in today that the four trains of the Iron Division which came from Schavli have gone to Memel where the Division is expected by the 11th. Looks as if they will rest on the frontier in several towns. The Letts and Liths will follow them up. The morale of the men who have passed here is very good. The revolution looks like a settled thing, the only thing of interest remaining being the actual date and how they will do. Unverified rumor comes from Kovno that French officer has geen murdered at Schavli. Letts are expected to move to the RR at once. Schavli is evacuated by the B--.

8 December Reports went off to Paris today Gen. Cheney recommending that the American Section remain until the Germans have been forced to acknowledge the power of the Entente and return much of the materiel they have stolen. I believe it a useless waste of time without force since the Germans recognize no other persuasion. No further news on the Iron Division. Document purported to be an interview with Bischoff received which makes light of the Commission and states that the movement of the Iron Division to Memel is made to show the German people that they can [---] the Entente successfully is at hand!

Diary entries 1919 December 9-15 

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9 December Col. Dosse returned from Berlin today and reported what he had taken up in Berlin. No further news. It is probable that the Mission will go to Riga in a few days. I am thinking of asking the General to let me go back to Paris since he made some remark today about cutting down the personnel. If such is the case, I shall get home to Lucy much sooner than I expected. I’ll see what happens when I ask him. The evacuation is nearly completed and the Germans have now surprised us by requesting another commission to take up matter in dispute dealing with materiel stolen in the Baltic States. It is a clear move to get rid of us. [---] of [---] and [---] of [---] becoming very untenable (British ---) they send word that they should like to come back. Suspect they will be withdrawn.

10 December I asked the General about reducing the personnel by eliminating me but he can’t decide it yet, until he finds out what General Meissel proposes to do with his ex---. We expect to go to Schavli on the 15th. The Germans are very anxious to consider the work of our commission as completed but the Generals propose to go into the question of reparations somewhat and pay a visit to the Baltic Provice particularly Riga, in the study of the problem. The Iron Division, consisting of 6000 men and 3000 horses should cross the frontier tomorrow. We learn also that the Deutsche Legion [?] is marching overland by the Schavli-Tauroggen road and aggregates nearly 5000. They should cross also tomorrow. The commission will form 3 sub-commissions to make a flying trip thru Lithuania to determine the losses of the inhabitants and use the data as basis for negotiations with the Germans for reparations. Report today that the Allies are advancing from the Rhine!!

11 December Instructions drawn up today for a number of sub-commissions to go to different points in Lithuania and Latvia and determine the extent of damages and amounts of reparations. Messick goes to Schavli and Loustalot to Liban and Prekuln. They should deport on the 13th. Loustalot paid a flying visit to Tilsit today, reporting that the Iron Division is everywhere in his area. He went back in the afternoon and expects to go to Liban tomorrow in the automobile. No further word from the Deutsche Legion [?]on the march on the Schavli-Tauroggen road. Received a letter from Miller in Paris in which he stated that he would probably still be in Paris when we returned. The time of [closing] of Brest has been advanced.

12 December Spent the day placidly in the train. Learned that the Germans will be delayed a day or two longer than expected in crossing the frontier, and thus our trip to Riga will be delayed just so much. A few of the Iron Division have straggled into Tilsit and present the usual bandit appearance. The sub-commissions have not yet started. The work of the commission also seems at a standstill. Wish I could go back to paris, since this loafing worries me exceedingly. Played bridge in the evening. Looks as if we shall spend Christmas in Kovno. Chaporilly[?], A.C.of S. seems to think we will reach Kovno about that time.

13 December The conferences today were occupied in fruitless discussions with the Germans over rolling stock, war materiel, exchange of prisoners, and regrettable incidents. A note was drafted for them outlining a firm position on these subjects. No further news about moving and the sub-commissions are still with us. I am young and naturally impatient but can hardly figure out what we are staying in Tilsit for now. Letter received in reply to my query D.S.O. medal to Major Warren in Londine (former A.G. of [---]) that he believes that it was forwarded to the U.S. and to make inquiries at our War Dept. I must write to the A.G. about it Bought a fine leather pocket book a need which I have had for some time. 100 marks for it, high in Germany, but low on exchange value ($3.00).

14 December Definitely decided to go to Riga on Tuesday morning. That will make the end of 25 day sojourn in Tilsit. Day passed quietly except for two German drunks who came down to the train in the afternoon singing “Deutschland uber alles” and shaking their fists at the train. They finally beat a crooked retreat after the train crew had set upon them unsuccessfully. The German guards stood stupidly aside and did nothing. Alas! to what straits the once proud German Army has come to! The discipline is gone, sentinels smoke on post and allow anyone who cares to steal pass unhindered. We have lost some provisions in this fashion.

15 December Sgt. Kelly reported this morning that the two inflated tires and their rims had been stolen from the back of the car during the night. Value about $200. We wrote a note to the German Delegate claiming damages, because the theft was so obviously with the connivance of the guards, or due to their carelessness. The train has been rearranged so that a certain portion may remain at Schavli and the rest (9 cars) is planned for 6 a.m. tomorrow and we should be in Riga a couple of days. The General is writing a report on the work of the mission and I am assisting somewhat with appendices on personnel, finance, and itinerary.

Diary entries 1919 December 16-22 

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16 December Departed for Riga at 4:00 a.m. Arms and ammunition were issued last night, antique German Mausers and 30 rounds of ammunition each. I could hardly see thru the barrel of mine for the corrosion, and straightaway handed it over to Kelly to clean and call his own. The rifle precaution is taken because there are numerous prowling bands in the country who might attack us. We crawled northward slowly today with frequent stops to examine the way for destructions. After an all day journey, we arrived at Schavli at 4:30 p.m. The town is dreary and cold but not irreparably destroyed. The Germans have left some rolling stock and supplies. The bridge at Lido[---] was a surprise to me. It is a large German built structure very high and spanning the valley near Lido[---]. It is called “[Hindenburg] Bridge”.

17 December Left Schavli at 8:30 a.m. and moved slowly northward again with a pilot locomotive ahead and two more drawing the train. The pilot locomotive dropped a main rod and one of the others had to push it into the next station. We arrived at Mitan about noon and discovered a town half destroyed by shells. Riga was reached at 3:30 p.m. just at dark. The Letts had a full company out and a band to greet Gen. Meissel. A young woman presented a bunch of flowers, the band played the Marseillaise , and the company presented arms. The premier Mr. Ulmannis [?] was on hand as was also Mr. Gade, the American Chargè. We were all invited to a dinner in the evening with the Premier and went to it at the officers club at Riga. It was the usual Russian dinner with many hors d’oeuvres much liquor and limitless coffee afterwards. About 11:30 we struggled home and I could not sleep well the rest of the night because of the great cold. Time changes one hour at Riga, the clock being set forward to conform to solar time.

18 December The Assistant Mil. Attachè at Warsaw, Capt. Swett, and Dr. Orbison, the A.R.A. man here were in this morning. I went to the A.R.A. house, a finely furnished three-story house on Nikolaistrasse, for a bath. It was splendid to have a real splash again in plenty of hot water. Riga is certainly beautiful under its coat of snow. I expected much less beauty so am agreeably surprised. Went to tea in the afternoon at Mr. Gade’s apartment and found that he is occupying a former Baltic Baron’s house and is quite comfortably located. Gen. Cheney is staying there also. In the evening, the whole mission went to the opera—where Tschaikovky’s “Dame de Pique” was presented for the first time. It did not compare favorably with Italian or French opera in my mind. The audience did not applaud so I suppose it did not strike them forcibly either. Gen. Mariette, the Italian, says that the music is very complicated and that the opera should improve with further presentations.

19 December Meeting of the commission in the afternoon which I attended in place of Gen. Cheney, who could not be located in time to meet the Esthonian [?] delegates and discuss their problems. Esthonians [?] seemed more concerned about reparations then anything else so the meeting resolved itself into the answer by Gen. Meissel in each instance that the Reparation Commissioner would handle most of their troubles. The question of the German agents raised the reply that there are none in Esthonia and that Esthes have no representatives at Berlin. We all attended a big state dinner and dance at 6:30 p.m. given by the president, Mr. Ulmannis. About 200 sat down to table, comprising the most prominent people in Latvia etc. Gen. Judevitch was there and was seated near me. He looks a broken man. The ladies arrived at 9:30 p.m. and the dinner was adjourned for the dance. Russian dances only, which are beautiful but furiously serious!

20 December I attended the council this morning with the Latvian cabinet and heard the exposition of damages caused by the Germans. Aggregated about 230,000,000 marks (Lettish) to the country as a whole. Gen. Miessel promised to take it up with the Supreme Council in Paris and urge immediate reparations in some of the items (horses, rolling stock, etc.) The Latvians as did the Esthonians yesterday, seemed disappointed that we were not the people to make Germany disgorge on the reparations. Gen. Miessel made an exposition of all he could, and we took our leave. In the afternoon the Pres. of the Council gave a tea at his home. It was a typical tea and I was much bored. The General announces that we shall probably pull out for Kovno on Monday evening. The Lathians have entertained us quite royally and we go away well pleased with their hospitality.

21 December We are going to turn the cars over to Col. Duparquet, the French mission chief in Riga and he is sending with us to Schavli chauffeurs to take them over. This will be a very simple disposition of the cars since they belong to the French anyway. Mr. Gade is to receive one of them from Col. Duparquet for his use. Went to dinner at Mr. Gade’s apartment at 7:30 p.m. He has departed for Liban on the British destroyer, “Watchman” and his Mil Observer did the honors for him. Gen. Cheney is housing quite comfortable in the apartment also. Col. Daly the observer expects to be attaché when the Baltic countries are reorganized and I think that he is well fitted for the job. “Tannhauser” was given at night but Daly and I did not attend. We chatted until about 9 p.m. and I then came home to the train. 22 December Day very cold and windy. Received a courier mail from Lucy enclosing four delightful photos of Emily at 10 mos. Many prominent persons have called today to bid Gen. Messel goodbye. In the evening the entire Latvian General Staff, the C. in C. and the Res of the National Assembly appeared with a band to give us a send-off. Gen. Messel received more flowers from a lady and we shook hands all around. We bade Gen. Turner and Maj. Delahaye a regretful goodbye since they have been pleasant companions. The General remains to take charge of the British Missions in the Baltickun. The train pulled out at 2 a.m. and we all breathed a regretful goodbye to a hospitable city.

Diary entries 1919 December 23-28 

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23 December We arrived at Mitau at about 4 a.m. At 9 a.m. just after breakfast a Latvian company and a band turned up to greet us. Gen. Messel decorated 8 or 9 men with a red, white and blue medal which France gives to small countries. We took sleighs and rode thru the city to see the numerous burned buildings which the Germans left in their wake when they retreated. Schools, libraries and private houses were destroyed by the Boche. The Latvians held a regimental review for the General. After he inspected them we returned to the train and left Mitau at 11:45 a.m. for Schavli thru a snowy, flat country. We saw the Lithuanian [first] again at Janisehki and arrived at Schavli about 4 p.m. Found that Sailors’ car is here but that Kelly has been sent to Telze to get Major Keenan. Turned over Sailor’s car to the French and we plan to leave Messick to turn over the other when it arrives. The General and Messick attended a dinner given by the Lithuanians at 5 p.m.

24 December Last night was regaled by Lonstalot with a mouth organ and a guitar. We expected to get away for Kovno at 6 a.m. but the engine did not appear and we stayed until 11 a.m. Left Messick behind and started out for Kovno. The snow is thick but not particularly obstructive. We carried with us all civilian and officer hobos who have been trying in the midst of exceptionally bad railway conditions to get to Kovno. The began to assemble on us at Riga. The journey was long and we arrived at Kovno at 11 p.m. after many delays. There was a band and a company to greet Gen. Miessel and he then went to midnight mass at the cathedral. Played bridge in the afternoon to while away the time. Tomorrow’s Christmas will doubtless be more pleasant than last year’s at Le Mans where I did not even raise a square meal!.

25 December The day come with the sun shining! Quite unusual for Lithuania! Mr. Simpson of the Food Commission invited the three American officers to dinner with him. How I wish I could spend the day with Lucy! The dinner with Mr. Simpson was quite welcome. Among the dishes was a stuffed pig which tasted very good. The rest of the day was spent in idleness. The commission had a meeting a 4 p.m. with the Lithuanian government.

26 December The second day of the Lithuanian Christmas found us attending an enormous dinner with wearying speeches at 1 p.m. We escaped about 4 p.m. only to go out again in the evening to a ball and concert. We left the concert at 11 p.m. and returned to the train where we had late supper. At 12:30 p.m. we started for Insterburg on our journey to Berlin. Message was received from “Guerre” Paris, ostensibly from Marshal Foch saying that our work has been completed and that we are to await instructions at Riga. Foch says, however, that we are to proceed with what we can do on the return of rolling stock. Do not know yet how long we shall be in Berlin but expect them to reduce our force. Messick, the General, S---, and myself returned in the afternoon after turning the car over to the French at Schavli.

27 December Arrived at Insterburg at 6 a.m. and departed at 10 a.m. We are to be put up at the Bristol Hotel at Berlin. Afternoon was occupied in playing bridge and packing. Messick and I walloped the General in the game of the evening. We should arrive at Berlin at 9 a.m. tomorrow. It is our last night on this train and I am heartily glad. Living in a two-by-four compartment for six weeks is not very pleasant. Passed Marienburg at about dark. This place is very interesting to me as the former seat of the Teutonic Knights. It was too dark to see the Schloss. Train making very good time.

28 December Awoke this morning in Clüstrin, about 90 kilometers from Berlin. journey continued rapidly and we arrived in Berlin about 12 noon. Maj. Keenan and I were assigned to the Hotel Schmidt, a small second-rate place near the Friedrick strasse Bohnhof. We kicked about our accommodations when we saw the French at lunchtime and were thereupon changed to the Bristol. After a great deal of disorderly confusion the train pulled out of the station before our baggage could be placed in the fourgone in which it will be stored until we go to Paris. We had lunch with Gen. Messel at the Bristol and dinner at a club on Unter den Linden. It is cold and biting in Berlin and heavy snow has fallen. No business today.

Diary entries 1919 December 29-31 

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29 December Decided on the Adlon as our place of alimentatum en principe. Loustalot and Messick with three of our men will probably be released in a day or two to return to Paris. Have walked about some today and had tea at the usual hour in the afternoon. Life very stupid[?].

30 December The General has decided to formulate his demands and get the Germans to subscribe in writing in agreement. Then as soon as delivered to the Lithuanians, commence thru Vincen’t Mission at Insterburg and Wirballen, we will leave for Paris. Have been busy today with accounts. Admiral Hopman is ill and this may delay negotiations.

December 31 Wednesday Got some tickets for the New Year’s party at the Adlon and attended in the evening. We were a gloom on the party in our uniforms so the General, Keenan, and I left early and went home to play bridge. New Year’s festivities are the same here as everywhere else. No business today. In fact, work of the commission seems at a standstill. I have personally been occupied with accounts since it is the last of the month.

Diary entries 1920 January 1-10 

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1 January Thursday Spent the day quietly. Called on Gens. Niessel and Cheney in the morning. Planned now to send out extra personnel to Paris tomorrow night.

2 January Friday Loustalot, Messick, Soroko, D.A. Kelly and A.C. Sailor left in the evening at 8:54 p.m. to report to the P.C. at Paris for further instructions and probable relief from duty. No sign yet of our departure but it is suspected that it will be about the 7th or 8th. Went out today and bought a beaded bag for Lucy which was sold to me at the normal price. Don't know how I escaped the 50. tax on foreigners now put on by the B--- Chamber of Commerce.

3 January Saturday The General audited my account this afternoon. Had a walk in the [Fiergarten] with Capt. Garrad. Played bridge in the evening. Conference with the Germans tomorrow to attempt to get thru Niessel's written convention on deliveries of materiel. Am not very optimistic on the success of this attempt. The German delegate will disclaim the power to act.

4 January Sunday Long conference with the Germans today again in which they promise to expedite action on the materiel promised. Herr [---] himself has subscribed to guarantees to turn over materiel to the [---]. The chief d--- are on the question of automobiles and telegraph and telephone materiel and to some extent, ammunition. Some of our demands in this connection may be dropped as a concession to them. In going over the account I found that our expenditures for the last month were practically the same as for the month before. We have been very cheap as a commission because of the rate of exchange.

5 January Monday The fourgon with the baggage leaves tomorrow afternoon on a freight train. It will be about 4 days en route. [M--- Sabiri] and the office will proceed with the fourgon and meet us in Paris. Looks as if we would leave about 2 days afterwards. Everything is proceeding as usual. Major Von Kessler came around and asked Col. Dosse to sign a document on behalf of the mission which on closer inspection proved to have a joker clause in it practically washing out any future reparations to Lithuania. Gen. Meisel got into action in time and stemmed it. He was certainly raging over the deal and emphasized to everyone again his [---] distrust of the Boche.

6 January Tuesday The General and I took in the Kaiser Friedrich Museum this morning and were agreeably surprised at the collection of Dutch, Italian and Flemish masters, Ruebens is particularly abundant. The Germans notified us that delivery of materiel to the Lithuanians begins on the 12th. Looks as if we must await that date now. As soon as we hear that something has passed Insterburg, we shall at once go to Paris. It must be very stupid for General Vincent to sit in Insterburg and wait for materiel which has not yet appeared. Dined at Cafe Dressel on Unter den Linden in the evening. For four of us the good meal we had cost 350 marks. It is well we are on expenses!

7 January Wednesday Had a walk today into the market regions of the city. Smelly section. Apples and cabbages seem to be abundant. Many barges loaded with apples lying in the little river Spree which winds thru the town. In the evening, we went with Mr. and Mrs. Brown to the "Admiral's Palast" [sic] and ice skating rink where we saw a unique musical pantomime put on by superb skater and dancer as well on skates as the usual d--- on feet. The Germans have now stated that they cannot make the materiel deliveries within the time stated. The same story of avoiding the issue. 8 January Thursday Nothing of particular interest today. Had a walk in the Tiergarten. Rained for the first time since our arrival. Had dinner at the Continental Hotel for a change in the evening. Germans have signed a protocol promising the delivery of rolling stock and war materiel gratis to the Lithuanians. Nothing to [---] but there is an agreement by us with Lithuania that they shall turn over 1/3 to Latvia. Protocol is merely a promise, however, when the materiel is actually moving we will fee assured of [g---] farterh on the part of the Germans. They are still obstructing as much as possible with such things as reporting that the "guns are ready but there are yet no spare parts on hand" etc.

9 January Friday Today a report came from Gen. Vincent that some materiel has arrived at Insterburg but that the German local command will not turn it over to the Lithuanians until they release certain German prisoners wtill in their hands. And so it goes. In the evening the Gen., two English officers and I occupied a loge [sic] at Rheinhardt's theatre where we saw the "Orestes" of [Eschylus]. It was very well presented and really condensed three of [Eschylus'] plays "Agamemnon," "Orestes," and "Zumenides" into three acts. The effect was made to initiate the old Greek theatre, and the costumes and characters were good. We were very conspicuous in our box and many opera glasses were on us most of the time. There was no incident, however.

10 January Saturday Date set now seems to be the [15th] for our departure. The report of the commission has been drafted in rough form to be [---] byt the members. This [---] for Paris. An amusing thing occurred today when the manager notified Gen. Messel that he must advocate to make room for an Inter Allied Naval Mission to come on the 13th. The General did not agree and proposes to remain where he is for the present. There will be quite a laughable situation when some [pursy] British Admiral arrives and is politely told by the Hotel Manager that Gen. Messel is occupying the rooms intended for him and will not move! Argument of local E.P. command about not passing the materiel thru Insterburg until prisoners in hands of Lithuanians are released, waived.

Diary entries 1920 January 11-15 

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11 January Sunday Some more materiel is at Insterburg and 2/3's will have passed by the 15th. Consequently, we shall wait here until the 15th and go to Paris on the 16th. Read the commission draft report to Maj. Keenan today. We found a good deal in it to amuse us, resulting, it is though, from the French temperament. However, it seems on the whole to be a good report. "Parsifal" seems to be scheduled for the end of this week and I suspect that we will take a box at the performance on the 15th. It is said to be their best production at the Opera.

12 January Monday No developments today. Date of departure has not shifted so I am getting more hopeful. Had a walk and played bridge in the evening. Hear that "Parsifal" does not begin until the 16th so I suspect we will miss it. This life of idleness is very stupid and I heartily wish I could get some good hard work to do. The General tries to keep busy but does not have enough to do either. The conditions grate on me because there seems to be no need for further dallying in Berlin. We don't hurry matters particularly by staying. I have at times been a prey to the wicked thought that the French desire to stay to retain our huge per diem allowances for a time longer. I am probably misjudging them, however.

13 January Tuesday Interest re-awoke today when a huge riot developed in front of the Reischstag, near our hotel, to protest against certain proceedings of the government. The riot began with a tremendous throng on Unter dem Linden, carrying red banners which marched to the REichstag and milled around ini front of the building. They attacked the police, who are armed with rifles, and succeeded in disarming some of them. The police replied with a volley, and some hand grenades, which accounted for 12 dead and 80 wounded. I was in the Albon at the time and refrained from going out when the crowd was passing. However, at the end of 15 minutes, I went out and walked to our hotel the Bristol. I was in the crowd throughout the whole distance, especially at Wihelmstrasse where the soldiers had blocked the street to protect the Foreign War Offices. However, I got thru without incident and teh firing broke out at the Reichstag shortly thereafter.

14 January Wednesday The day has been quiet. However, there is a certain sullenness about the people which I do not like. It is much like a calm before the storm. Mr. Brown, a correspondent here, says that serious outbreaks are liable to occur again tomorrow which is the anniversary of the killing of some socialists last year, I believe. The newspapers praise highly the conduct of the special Police who put down the disturbance. The latter are really soldiers, wear a green uniform, are heavily armed and consist entirely of dependable officers and N.C.O.s of the old Army. They apparently tolerated a great deal before they fired on the mob, two being drowned in the Spree by the populace and several others shot before ctiokn was taken. It is very fortunate that the mob had no disaffected soldiers with them. The Reichstag is heavily guarded by almost a Battalion of these police and variousother important points are also covered.

15 January Thursday The guards in the town have lightened up and the predicted trouble with the mob expected for today has failed to materialize. The Commission had a meeting with the German delegates at 5 p.m. Admiral Hopman was sick and not present but his place was assumed by the Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs. {---] made an excellent resume of the situation in concluding the work of the Commission. Barring further incident, we leave tomorrow night at 8:54 p.m. for Paris. Capt. Garrad of the British Army with whom we became very friendly left this evening for Cologne, [Blightly, and leave.] He seemed very happy to be on his way again to his native heath (St. Andrew's, Scotland).

Diary entries 1920 January 16, undated 

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16 January Friday Changed $50 into marks this morning at the Deutsche Bank and got a rate of 53 1/2. However, it was necessary , since the letter of credit people cannot issue francs, to change the marks into francs, to change the marks into ferancs again @ 490 to the hundred. This is the absolute low water mark so far on the mark and it is predicted that it will fall 5 points a day for some time yet, because of absence of export. I don't know what the poor in Germany will do for the prices will go up accordingly and starvationis already at the door. Looks as if the U.S. is ths the only salvation for Germany and Austria.

Undated entry Arrived in Paris 18 January 1920. Stayed in Paris until 2 Feb 1920 when we took train for Antwerp and embarkation. Arrived Antwerp on the 3 Feb 1920 and embarked on the USAJ "Buford" the 4th Feb. While in Paris turned in our supplies, money and got the men and officer's accounted for. Lived at the Continental during my stay and had a splendid time in the town. Went to Tours on the 24th and returned on the 26th January. Bode and Hennions a regretful goodbye for I had become quite attached to them. "Buford" sailed from Antwerp on Feb 5 and I was appointed executive officer.

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 2000.008.1.3T Diary transcription 

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 2000.008.1.4 Military orders 1919 

Document Undated 

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Warning Order. Secret. Copy No. 7 of which is designated for distribution to O.C. Signals, Masolga. Regarding an advance to be made by a column under the command of Colonel Leckie... 1 ledger page.

Document Undated 

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Brigade Routine Order by Brigadier General G.D. Prince, commanding 237th Infantry Brigade. Congratulatory message. 1/2 sheet.

Document 1919 July 3 

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North Russian Transporation Corps Expeditionary Forces. Memorandum. Regarding movement of troops, supplies and property, etc. 1 ledger page.

Document 1919 July 11 

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Typed and signed letter from unknown correspondent to Major MacMorland. Marked "Urgent". Regarding the company under the command of Capt. Jones, shall proceed to Kem for work. 1 sheet.

Document 1919 July 11 

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Typed letter from Lieut. Colonel, A.A. & Q.M.G. "Syren" to Major MacMorland, with hand-written notes penned in the margins. Regarding Capt. Jones's detachment at Kem. 1 ledger page.

Document 1919 July 14 

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Address of General C.C. M. Maynard, commanding Allied troops - Murmansk front, Russia. To Major MacMorland, all officers and other ranks of the American Tranportation Corps troops. Official "thank you" letter. 2 pages.

Document 1919 July 19 

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General Orders No. 11 (3 copies). Archangel, North Russia. Regarding citations for gallantry for various names officers and enlisted men by command of Brigadier General Richardson. All copies bear official North Russia Headquarters A.E.F. stamp.

Document 1919 July 29 

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General Orders No. 1. On Board H.M.T. "Menominee". Letter of appreciation, signed by A. Montgomery by order of Major MacMorland.

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Correspondence 1918-1920   All letters are handwritten and signed, written on plain, folded notepaper, from Edward MacMorland to his wife Lucy, unless otherwise noted.

 2000.008.1.5 June-July 1918 

Letter circa 1918 June 

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En route Saturday night. Darling little Wife: A hot diagreeable day is drawing to a close and I am thinking of you - not becaue of the ot day, however. Oh! My little lover. I love you so much tonight and have done such so constantly since I saw you last that I have had severe [---] of the conscience for every mean word lost, or thought that I ever gave you....1s.

Letter circa 1918 June 

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En route Tuesday. Dearest little lover: This note goes with the one which I wrote to you several days [ago] and did not mail until I could feel sure that you were homeward bound. Since my last note a number of events have occurred. Just before we reached Pueblo one of our cookiong cars burned up....1s.

Letter circa 1918 June 

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Camp Mills, L.I, NY. Friday night. Darling Sweetheart: We arrived at Camp Mills yesterday evening after a long and tiresom day and I was too tired when camp was made to write you. Dear heart, my thoughts were with you all night....1s.

Letter 1918 June 24 

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Camp Mills L.I. NY. My Darling: I am at present seated in the door of my tent and have just finished musing over your letter....The rain was unusually heavy and the drainage poor so many tents were flooded...I am at last the possessor of a pair of trench boots...We are still here and we don't know when we will get away....2s written from Camp Mills, Long Island, NY.

Letter 1918 June 28 

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Camp Mills L.I. NY. Dearest Lucy: We are still here although we were a day or two ago under orders to be aboard ship tomorrow morning at 8 a.m. These orders were cancelled for some reason so there is no secret any longer....1s written from Camp Mills, Long Island, NY.

Letter 1918 July 1 

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Camp Mills L.I. NY. My darling wife: Still here! We are a very much surprised organization, to say the least, for it is very unusual for any Regiment to stay longer than a week. There is no order in view for movement as yet either....2s written from Camp Mills, Long Island, NY.

Letter 1918 July 4 

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Camp Mills L.I. NY. Dearest Little Wife: The Fourth of July, 1918 has been a rather quiet and uninteresting for your husband....My band was ordered over to Oyster Bay near here for a concert today. Through mistake they went to Roosevelt's home instead.... 1s written from Camp Mills, Long Island, NY.

Letter 1918 July 7 

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Camp Mills L.I. NY. Dearest Lucy: ...A general groan went up in the Regiment a few days ago when we were called upon to furnish military police. We immediately saw dire prospects of a long stay here to do that duty and no service abroad after all of our trevelling....1s written from Camp Mills, Long Island, NY.

Letter 1918 July 9 

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Camp Mills L.I. NY. Sweetest little Wife: Doubtless by the time you get this letter I shall be a good many miles from America on the briny deep...I never knew what a good Regiment we have until I saw the troops about us here. We easily take the palm from four fifths of them in every respect. Some of our neighbors were certainly in sad shape when they came....1s written from Camp Mills, Long Island, NY.

Letter 1918 July 22 

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Somewhere on the Atlantic! Nine days out! Also my birthday! My darling Lucy: It seems almost an eternity, dear one, since I last took pen to write to you. Do no however take that seeming eternity as an index of the thought I have given you. Your memory was ever green, dear, in our long separations in the past, but it has never been brighter and sweeter than on this trip....3s.

 2000.008.1.6 August 1918 

Letter 1918 August 4 

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Somewhere in Southern France. My darling Wife: ...Oh! Sweetheart, how lonely for you I am! You little appreciate - but no, you do, I am sure - the big and wonderful place which you fill in my life...On arriving in England my company with one other was hustled aboard one of the queer little continental compartmednt trains and rushed to a rest camp in the sourtern part of England....3s.

Letter 1918 August 11 

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St. Emelion, France. My darling wife: ...In my last letter to you, I was replete with impressions of a beautiful country. The impressions are still strong and I wish that my little wife could enjoy them with me....My company is steadily dissolving into detachments to schools for chauffeurs etc at the Training Center a few miles away. I am rather glad of that for just today began a course of instruction for the officers which will take me away for a time, and the fewer the number left to the entire devices of the N.C.O.'s the better we are off....2s.

Letter 1918 August 15 

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St. Emilion France. Dearest Lucy: A hot day has just drawn to a close and the interim in which I write is between the heat and a bridge game with Riggs, Maj. Brown, Mademoiselle des Cordes and me as principals...The officer's school is now in session and we attend from 8:30 A.M. to 4:30 P.M. as I told you perhaps before, the material coverd is so far just about what we had at Ft. Sill....2s.

Letter 1918 August 24 

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Somewhere in France. My own little wife: ...Since last I wrote to you our life has been merely a continuation of peaceful interest and complasency in this interesting region. Our town is becoming more used to us now and we to it. The troops are loosing their awe of ancient dwelling and landmark, and are rapidly becoming complacent like the towns people....2s.

Letter 1918 August 30 

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Dearest little wife: ....I was pleased to hear that you are well and happy. Perhaps I kept you nervous and fidgety in San Francisco so that you could not be as well as you hoped!...I have not spent very much money since I came to France. It is just as I expected; there is very little for me to buy here except my food so, of course, I keep a good sum in hand...3s.

 2000.008.1.7 September 1918 

Letter 1918 September 8 

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My own little wife: ...The mail service is very odd in this country, dearie, and varies exceedingly. We have not seen a thing for a week now, and suspicion is beginning to be strong that the mail which should hav readhce us this week went down with a certain big meat ship which the subs got the other day off the coast. We are also expecting to go meatless a few days as a result but I am sure that practically any soldier would sacrifice his meat for several days to save a mail bag containing letters from his dear ones....2s.

Letter 1918 September 11 

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Darling Wife: A whole sheaf of five letters came to me from you yesterday...Oh! dear one, how proud of you I am and how much your love means to me! I read the poem inclosed in one of them with some thought and place it with the others behind your picture...I am quite pleased over your interest in Eugenia's babies, for I feel very sure that you will extend it most forcefully to our own when it comes....2s.

Letter 1918 September 15 

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Dearest little wife: ...The Colonel and I are involved at present in a Field officer's problem from the Training Center which threatens to estrange us. Both of us have our own ideas and it is comical to hear the discussions and debates we have...When the time comes, dearie, you must by all means go to Rochester, Minn. if you so desire. I want you to have every possible attention that may make it easier for you and better for the little one....2s.

Letter 1918 September 22 

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62nd Artillery C.A.C. Dearest little wife: ...I must now whisper to you privately what may be a fact before this letter reaches you. Col. Phipps the Brigade Adjutant, whispered to me a few days ago that I have been recommended for Major in the A.E.F., which will mean before my confreres in the U.S. Army Artillery Headquarters telegraphed the Brigade asking if I am qualified for a Majority. They replied in the affirmative. Since Col. Phipp's message I have been excited over the proposition....2s.

Letter 1918 September 28 

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62 Artillery C.A.C. Dearest little wife: ...In your other letter you discussed the names which had been revolving in your mind for our child. Dear one, I will vote with you. "Emily Hall" if a girl; "Edward Kennedy" if a boy. How we flatter our husbandly selves, however! Our next will have a Lucy somewhere...Have I ever remarked on the primitive transportation here? French automobiles are very scarce for they have all been commandeired. The same is true of horses for the grim business of War requires horses. Oxen, mainly, donkeys, and even dogs are used to draw two wheeled carts....2s.

 2000.008.1.8 October 1918 

Letter 1918 October 6 

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62nd Artillery (C.A.C.) A.E.F. Dearest Lucy: As I sit down to write to you this evening the news of the day is buzzing thru my head - for just this morning the "Petite Gironde" carried in huge headlines the news of the proposed armistice. I am worrying for fear that I may never see the front after all, unless the Allies firmly put aside the temptation and force utter defeat on the enemy....2s.

Letter 1918 October 10 

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62nd Artillery C.A.C., A.E.F. Sweet little wife: ...Our medical service is doing great good among the civil population of this locality. The surgeons of the Regiment and their enlisted men have taken over the civil population on a gratis basis and have practically elliminated an ignorant French quack who has been attending them. Disease is very prevalent due to filthy living conditions, neglect of the sick until too late, and general ignorance....2s.

Letter 1918 October 17 

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Headquarters 62nd Artillery (C.A.C.). Ma Cherie: I am using the above salutation because I am informed that it expresses particular affection...The past week has been full of interesting things, main among them the war situation. We are very much afraid that our regiment will not see the front. However, today's news that Wilson rejected the armistice may prolong the war thru a winter deadlock and a spring campaign...I have just begun to get acquainted with some of the better people around here. I told you of the Delages. They have gone to Paris, however....3s.

Letter 1918 October 24-25 

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Headquarters, 33rd Artillery Brigade (C.A.C.), A.E.F. Dearest little lover: ...I received notice today that I had been appointed Brigade Adjutant vice Col. F.N. Phipps promoted to full Colonel...I feel very much elated in getting into the Brigade Headquarters as the highest ranking officer of its staff...Quite a large number of officers are being ordered back to the United States at present.....2s.

Letter 1918 October 27 

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Headquarters, 33rd Artillery Brigade, A.E.F. Dearest little sweetheart: ...the pleasant situation arises that I am practically Chief of Staff for the Brigade. The Brigade, of course, is only 7000 men and this is nothing like Chief of Staff for a Division, but at the same time I shall get wonderful practice for future years when I am older...the military situation is approaching stabilization again. I suspect that if the Germans do not surrender (and they will not while the Army is still intact) it looks as if it will take another few minths to defeat them....2s.

Letter 1918 October 31 

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Headquarters, 33rd Artillery Brigade (C.A.C.) Dearest little wife: ...Tonight appears to be the French "Holler's Eve". The kids are going around the streets singing and celebrating and playing pranks just as we used to do ourselves. The world does not differ much in human characteristics among children!...The horizon is fast clearing of the war clouds...Turkey has surrendered unconditionally. If this is true, Austria will follow within a few days I feel very sure....2s.

 2000.008.1.9 November 1918 


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Headquarters 33rd Artillery Brigade C.A.C. Dearest little Wife: My order of promotion was received yesterday and I am now wering the gold leaves...It is needless to say that I love you heaps and heaps and heaps. It's a beautiful day - so beautiful that it makes me want the beautiful soul of my little sweetheart more than ever....2s.

Letter 1918 November 6 

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Headquarters 33rd Artillery Brigade (C.A.C.) A.E.F. My own little wife: ...It is very possible that your birthday will find me en route to the Front, if all goes well with one of our Regiments in its target practice. I feel, at present writing, that the Germans will not accede to terms like those in the Austrian armistice just published, while their Army is yet inact. Therefore, I feel also very much assured that they will resist for some time yet - so long that I, in particular, will get to hear gun fire....1s.

Letter 1918 November 8 

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Headquarters 33rd Artillery Brigade C.A.C. Deartest little wife: ...I bought for you this morning a money order thru the Y.M.C.A. for $30 which will be forwarded to you by them. Consider it a birthday present when you receive it...News reached us last night that the German plenipotentiaries were approaching our lines. The French people became at once very enthusiaastic, and gave way to transports of joy and many "Le guerre est fini's"...My fears and misgivings will probably materialize - I will not see the Front with battle over it. We are much puzzled over what will be done with the Ameridan troops during the armistice....4s.

Letter 1918 November 11 

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Headquarters 33rd Artillery Brigade, A.E.F. Dearest little Wife: The armistice with Germany was signed a few hours ago! Libourne has been having a horse fair today. The horse fair I must add was quite independent of the armistice...there was a great crowd in the city; it was a great day for publishing just such news...If it seems certain that I shall probably be retained over here for quite a period after the War, you must certainly come to me as soon as an ocean voyage will be possible for you....4s.

Letter 1918 November 17 

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Headquarters 33rd Artillery Brigade (C.A.C.) A.E.F. My little sweetheart Wife: ...The "manifestation" over the victory is still going on in France...We are going ahead with our training just as if nothing had happened. One regiment is having target practice and the 62nd is still in the billets plugging away....2s.

Letter 1918 November 24 

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Headquarters 33rd Artillery Brigade C.A.C., A.E.F. Dearest little Sweetheart: We are still awaiting orders to move to a Base Port to embark for the United States...I talked last night with an elderly French soldier, interpreter for the Headquarters at St. Emilion. In our conversation he referred to the galaxy of pretty French girls at the dance and remarked that they could probably never marry, since over 100 men, the flower of the village, had been killed in the war....4s.

Letter 1918 November 29 

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Headquarters 33rd Artillery Brigade (C.A.C.) A.E.F. My own little wife: ...We are at the present moment in the stage of waiting for transportation to the United States...I am torn by conflicting considerations. The general is forwarding approved [sic] to the Chief of Artillery requests to remain in France and C. of A. has said that they are to be sent forward if made...2s.

 2000.008.1.10 December 1918 

Letter 1918 December 3 

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Headquarters 33rd Artillery Brigade C.A.C., A.E.F. Darling Wife: All of my expectations of being soon on the briny deep bound for the United States were dissipated yesterday when a telegram came through stating that only one Regular would go home with each regiment and that one General officer or field officer would go back with the Brigade Headquarters. The general wants to go home so I am of course, scheduled to stay in the A.E.F. a while longer...The time of the baby approaches apace and I am beginning to wonder - as you also. Hope it's like its mother!....5s.

Letter 1918 December 6 

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Camp Hunt, Le Courneau, France. My own little Wife: I hae changed station and am now in a dismal field artillery replacement regiment camp about 100 kilometers from my former station, Libourne. The camp is a group of wooden shacks housing about 1000 men and a large crowd of casual replacement officers...2s with 1s missing.

Letter 1918 December 9 

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Camp Hunt, Le Courneau (Gironde). Dearest little wife: Do not address me at this camp for it is very probable that I shall be here only a few days. I will write to you as soon as I get to some other more or less permanent assignment. The life of a field officer at Le Courneau is just a protracted loafing bee. There is nothing for us to do and we must simply sit around and wait for something to drop....1s.

Letter 1918 December 15 

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Camp Hunt, Le Courneau (Gironde). Dearest Lucy: I thought that perhaps this Sunday would find me permanently assigned to duty somewhere...If I can get sent to paris I shall have you come to me as quickly asd possible. If to some other town, I should hesitate to have you and a baby undertake the numerous hardships which would attend you....2s,

Letter 1918 December 19 

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Camp Hunt, Le Courneau (Gironde). My darling wife: ...you spoke of your projected trip to Rochester for the coming event. I am certainly in accord with you on that point and hope that by this time you have wended your way hither with your mother...I have walked somewhat in this neighborhood between showers. It is a very bleak coungry of sand dunes studded with pine trees. The elevation is not more than a few fee about [sic] tide water, causing much surface water to collect. There are few [---] inhabitants in this section as agriculture is impossible....2s.

Letter 1918 December 25 

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16th Grand Division Transportation Corps, Le Mans, France. My darling little Wife: Christmas Day is drawing to a close and I am propped up in bed in my billet at La Mans, France, feeling lonely, oh so lonely, for my little sweetheart wife...On the 20th of December I was jerked out of Le Courneau and ordered by telegram to report to the Director General of Transportation at the Headquarters Division of Supply at Tours for duty as an Adjutant....3s.

Letter 1918 December 29 

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Headquarters 16th Grand Division Transportation Corps, Le Mans, France. Dearest little Wife: They say that Hell is paved with good intentions. For almost a week I have been in Hell, then for I have not written to my little sweetheart...Perhaps when this reaches you, our little heir (heiress) may be with you. If he (she) is, tell it his daddy is thinking a lot of him (her?) and the darling little mother beside him (her?)....2s.

 2000.008.1.11 January 1919 

Letter 1919 January 8 

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Office Director General Transportation, Department of Military [---], Headquarters, S.O.S., Tours, France. Dearest little Sweetheart Wife: ...First I want to say dear one that my thoughts are primarily with you at present. The coming event foreshadows itself successfully in your mother's letter that you are happy and in excellent health...My present feeling then is one of interest and curiosity and of assurance that our little one will be our heart's desire in very respect...Homesickness is now appearing among the American troops. They all know that the was is over for them and they want to come home....4s.

Letter 1919 January 12 

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Office D.G.T. Headquarters, S.O.S., Tours, France. Dearest little wife: ...Since last I wrote to you only three days ago nothing has happened. Tours has relapsed into a monotony of rain and mud which is not at all pleasant...My hostess, Mme. Hermion, invited me to dinner last night, followed by a performance at the Municipal Theater of the 11th Regt. Marine Band. The Band was fairly good - but included in its program a number of jazz numbers, which did not particularly reflect American music....1s.

Letter 1919 January 19 

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Office D.G.T., Headquarters S.O.S., Tours, France. Dearest little wife: Have not heard from you for some time but am very sure that a very important and unavoidable reason underlies. I hope that the reason has become reality and that the sweetest little wife in the world is progressing favorably...General Pershing was here yesterday to decorate some officers with the D.S.M.... 1s.

Letter 1919 January 24 

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Office D.G.T., Headquarters S.O.S., A.E.F. Dearest Lucy: ...Within a day or two I shall journey to St. Nazaire to inspect a big stevedore camp at that place. There are 8000 troops in the place and it is said that things are not progressing satisfactorily...It must have occurred by this time. How curious I am!....1s.

Letter 1919 January 30 

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Office Director General Transportatiion Headquarters S.O.S. Tours, France. Dearest little wife: Two communications reached me today. The first and most important announced that "Emily" had arrived on the fifteenth and that all was well...The other communication from you had been on the way seven weeks and was the first letter from you for about three weeks....1s.

 2000.008.1.12 February 1919 

Letter 1919 February 3 

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Office D.G.T., Hq. S.O.S. Tours. My little Sweetheart Wife: I don't dare to call you Ma-a-a-Ma-a-a bedause I know that you would feel like belting me one...Because of the friendly interest of Mme. Hennion I am really getting a good insight into the mysteries of this ancient and interesting old city....9s.

Letter 1919 February 9 

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Office D.G.T. Hq. S.O.S. Tours, A.E.F. Dearest little Wife: Are you back in Liberty yet? And has Emily started life favorably? And is Lucy unimpaired from the ordeal?...Since last writing to you, I have had my duties changed to a superintendence of the sending of Tranportation Corps officers and men back to the U.S. We shall try to evacuate them as quickly as possible but I expect a long period to elapse before the railroad operators can pull up pins and move to the U.S....1s.

Letter 1919 February 18 

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American Expeditionary Forces Headquarters Service of Supply. Dearest Lucy: I am seizing this oppourtunity to express the pleasure which carried me away when I received your letter...telling of the coming of Emily Hall. That she resembled both of her parents - was the good natured fib contained therein. Babies do not resemble their parents when borm...I shall be Adjutant of a Transportation Corps battalion of 800 men to go to North Russia to run the railway lines out of Archangel and Rt. Murman. The expedition will be with a British force being sent in March....2s.

Letter 1919 February 21 

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American Expeditionary Forces Headquarters Services of Supply. Dearest little Sweetheart: On the urging of Madame Hennion, who is taking a great interest in your welfare, I am writing again tonight to tell you that I am not going to North Russia...And how is Emily now? Your dear letter telling all about it is still fresh in my memory....2s.

Letter 1919 February 26 

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Office Director General Tarnsporation Hq. S.O.S. Tours. Dearest Sweetheart: ...I am really going to North Russia...my command will be only one of getting the troops to Russia successfully, and then probably to return...I shall get my opportunity to make a name for myself, young as I am, by handling these men as far as Murman, however, and hope that my command continues....2s.

 2000.008.1.13 March 1919 

Letter 1919 March 6 

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Camp De Grasse (near Tours). Darling Wife: Our expedition to Northern Russia is ready now and I am hoping for early departure. But let me tell you of it. I was placed in command yesterday by Gernal Atterbury's directing "North Russian Trans. Corps. Expedition Force." I have in my command 32 officers and 688 men and am too tickled for words....2s.

Letter 1919 March 18 

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Officer's Mess, No.1 Horse Transport Depot, Park Royal, N.W. Dearest little Wife: I shall try to dash off a few lines to you before sailing for Russia. We left Tours last Monday in a large box car train for Le Havre. After 48 hour trip we reached Le Havre all safe and embarded at once for England on a cross channel steamer. It was a very rough voyage and many were sick (including me)....1s.

Letter 1919 March 29 

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Murmansk, Russia. Did you get my cable? Dearest: I am not dead but only in Russia and very busy. This note is being dashed off to catch a medical sergeant who will mail it from London. We arrived all safely last Tuesday after a trip slightly rough at times but without other incident....Murmansk, which has existed only since 1916, is a sprawling collection of unpainted wooden houses at the northern terminus of the Murmansk railway....4s.

 2000.008.1.14 April 1919 

Letter 1919 April 6 

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En route to Marmansk. Dearest little Wife: My "wagon [---] is just leaving Soroka en route for Murmansk...I cam to Soroka from Murmansk about a week ago with one of my companies and we established ourselves at this point for shop work. The trip south was devoid of interest except in a scrutiny of the bearded and ignorant looking people who lined the cars at every station....10s.

Letter 1919 April 27 

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Dearest: I am just about ready to go down to Soroka again...I am dashing this off in the office of the Director of Railways to catch the B--- --- on her trip to England. She departs today and it may be a month before another goes...the conditions of hardships being headlined in the press are all "bunk". My worst hardship is the infrequency of a bath. The food is good for both officers and men...some of my men have just completed a bridge in "no man's land" which is 10 miles wide in our front. The bridge builders were not fired upon but our covering patrols had some brushes with the "Bolshies"....3s.

 2000.008.1.15 May 1919 

Letter 1919 May 18 

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En route to Murmansk. Darling Lucy: Some letters from you filtered through a few days ago after almost two months of no news. You may imagine that I was happy to receive them. One contained pictures of Emily which I was delighted with...Enclosed you will find a pictured of me taken by the Chaplain. The place is Urosozero and I was just ready to go out on patrol with Major Anderson when it was taken. It's horrible, I admit, but it gives an idea how we look when on patrol....3s.

 2000.008.1.16 June 1919 

Letter 1919 20 June 

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Army and Navy Young Men's Christian Association "With the Colors" letterhead. Hqrs. No. Russ. J.C. Exped. Force, Soroka, Russia. Darliing Wife: A perfect shower of good and tremendously appreciated boxes came to me from you a few days past. Three in all came and I want to thank at the outset the devoted spirit which sent them to me. Oh how I love my sweet little wife with all of her consideration and concern for my welfare!...At present, although the letter is captioned Soroka, I am sitting at the Front some 275 versts south. I have about 135 men under Capt. Jones doing pioneer engineering, and I come down to seen them frequently in my car. I have been here several days now but am planning to go back to Soroka today....6s.

 2000.008.1.17 July 1919 

Letter 1919 July 1 

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Army and Navy Young Men's Christian Association "With the Colors" letterhead. American Railway Troops, Murmansk, Russia. Lucy dear: Russia bids us farewell in very few days now. I have orders to draw my troops out not later than July 15 for withdrawal from Russia...This of course means that we will soon be en route to Brest unless the diplomats decide to keep us here for a time longer. How my heart thrills at the thought! It may be a speedy return to you. However, I feel in duty bound to try to remain in France. It may mean a trip to Europe for you if I should be posted in Germany or France....4s.

Letter 1919 July 14 

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En route to Murmansk. Darling Wife: We are on our way to Kola at this moment for the purpose of being withdrawn from Russia...The procedure will be a concentration of the battalion at Kola, embarkation for Brest in France and from there to the U.S. An effort was made by reason of our service in this area by both the British Commander-in-Chief and the Russian government to have us retained somewhat longer...Just as we were preparing to leave our posts, we were asked to send some men to the big base at Popoff to put in some utilities which the Allies claim would take months under the present labor conditions. I am sending 300 men to that poinit to do straight civil engineering work....2s.

Letter 1919 July 24 

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Popoff, North Russia. Dearest little Wife: By the time this reaches you, we will be in France and with a cloud of wonder in our heads as to whether we are returning to the U.S. or not and when. Brest is a very deceptive place. It might take a long time to get out of it...I went up with the 167th Company and found when we arrived at [---] that a bridge had been burned over the Kola River and a detachment of our men together with 60 Russians were busy in its repair. The work was in charge of Lt. Hart, and of our officers. We reached the bridge and were then forced to portage across the stream for a quarter of a mile and take another train. Our men worked 6 hours carrying the stores and property over and we arrived in Kola much fatigued....3s.

 2000.008.1.18 August 1919 

Letter 1919 August 10 

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On Active Service with American Expeditionary Forces, c/o D.G.T. Hq. S.O.S. Tours. Darling Lucy: Well, here I am again in Tours!...We embarked from Murmansk on the 28th of July on the "Menominee" and got under way for Brest. After eight days pleasant voyage, during which we stopped at Lerwick in the Shetland Islands, we reached Brest on the 5th of August...At Brest, I was agreeably surprised to receive from a courier a Certificate of Merit signed by Pershing for nearly every officer in the command, including myself...It's late in the afternoon and is very hot...The heat here is worse than Kansas right now!....6s.

Letter 1919 August 15 

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American Expeditionary Forces letterhead, Office Director Gen. Transp. Hq. S.O.S., Tours. My darling Wife: ...I guess I am under an unlucky star! I did want to come home to you dear one, with my battalion and I was much distressed when it went without me. I had some very good friends with it, and there are loads of Regulars in the A.E.F. recently over who could have done the work assigned to me as well as I. However, I will take a leave of absence to England then come back to work...I have made these plans because I now want to urge you not to come to me. I shall probably return to U.S. 1st October....2s.

Letter 1919 August 24 

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American Expeditionary Forces letterhead. Office D.G.T. Hq. S.O.S. Tours, France. Dearest little Wife: The Headquarters move to Paris on the 28th and I expect to pull out bag and baggage for that gay and wicked place on the 28th...As you already know I am embarkation officer on Gen. Cheney's staff. Gen Cheney is now Director General of Transportation. If Gen. McCoy had not suddenly been relieved anbd ordered to Armenia on Gen. Harbord's staff, I should have been progressing across the U.S. to you about now...The troops are nearly all out of France now and with the going of the 1st Division which is being shipped out at present there will remain only the men left to clean up the fag ends....4s.

Letter 1919 30 August 

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Office D.G.T. Hq. S.O.S., Paris. Dearest Lucy: I am now in Paris and am established in a very comfortable "Pension de Famille"...Paris is very very expensive. In fact it is so much so that I am going to try and go away from it as soon as possible...I hae not yet begun to see Paris in earnest. I saw the Bohemian section of Montmartre the other night and had dinner in a wild place called "Le Rat Morte"....1s.

 2000.008.1.19 September 1919 

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Office D.G.T. American Forces in France, Paris. My darling Wife: ...I am now well established in Paris and plannint to get out of it. I like a smaller place. The smaller place to which I might go may be Warsaw...When will I come home? I don't know, sweetheart. Much as I would like to fold you into my arms soon, and much as I have expressed my desire over here to return to the U.S., I have not managed my own return, and have no prospects for the immediate future....1s.

Letter 1919 September  

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American Expeditionary Forces Headquarters Services of Supply. Paris. Dearest Wife: ...They must be turning my mail back somewhere, as I am unable to figure out why I should be so isolated...You do not realize how close I came to going to Poland with an Army Service Corps batallion. Maj. Riefkohl who is in the A.S.C. was finally designated but I was lined up for it, if he turned down the chance. It would have kept me from you for a time longer but would have advanced me professionally - which, of course, you are one with me in believing that I should not turn down such a chance....3s.

Letter 1919 September 21 

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Office Director General Transportation, American Forces in France, Paris. Dearest little Sweetheart: ...The pictures of Emily are excellent and indicated a wesdom of expression and an apparent health of body which reflects most creditably on the training and care which she is receiving from her sweet little mother...At present, my work is gradually dying and I feel that they can easily dispense with my services over here....2s.

 2000.008.1.20 October 1919 

Letter 1919 October 1 

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Office D.G.T. Hq. American Forces in France, Paris. Dearest Lucy: I have been hesitating some days before writing to you of some bad news...the General has changed his mind about letting me return in october as I planned, and I must remain until the A.F. in F. dissolves...Made another trip to Tours on Saturday and had a very pleasant visit with the Hennions...You reproached me in your last letter on the subject of lack of interest in our little Emily. Silence does not always betoken lck of interest, dearie. If I have not expressed myself much on the subject, don't judge my affection accordingly. I shall be alll right when I see her....4s.

Letter 1919 Ocrtober 19 

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American Expeditionary Forces Headquarter Services of Supply, Paris. Dearest Sweetheart: ...I returned last night fron a trip of four days over the battle fields. the trip was very interesting and included Chateau-Thierry, Soissons, Rheims, St. Mihiel, Verdun, the ARgonne and the Meuse. We went in two caillacs and coverd about 500 miles. The General told me when I left for the battle fields that he would not need me any longer when I returned so I am now released. I am going to see the Adjutant General tomorrow with a view to return home....5s.

Letter 1919 October 24 

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American Expeditionary Forces Headquarters Service of Supply Transportation Service, Paris. Dearest Wife: Thanksgiving Day will probably find me eating candles in the frozen north again, dearie. It seems certain now that I shall go with General Cheney to the Baltic provinces as executive officer for the American section of the Interallied Mission to get the Germans out of Courland and Latvia. We expect to go to Berlin next week....3s.

Letter 1919 October 26 

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American Expeditionary Forces Headquarters Services of Supply letterhead. Paris. My Darling Wife: ...You will be surprised when I tell you the cause of my worry and laugh at me for being superstitious. Last night I had a very vivid dream that you had been drowned and woke up thoroughly desolated...Oh! dear sweetheart! I don't know how I could exist without you...Our Baltic mission is again held up for some days. General Mangin who was selected by Clemenceau to be French member and head of the mission is not going and the reason for the same is obscure. We now await another French memnber and will then see when we depart...A curious thing has happened in Paris. All of the silver money has suddenly disappeared and the fractional currency is now replaced by postage stamps....3s.

 2000.008.1.21 November 1919 

Letter 1919 November 4 

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Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, Office of Director General of Transportation, Paris. Dearest Lucy: Your cable was received yesterday and, to be frank, I am worri8ed as to its real significance. Does it screen sickness, discontent - or what? It is too late to draw back and ask Gen Cheney to relieve me to come home to you since we leave for Berlin tomorrow and he is counting on me and can not replace me so suddenly...Won't you, dear one, be a brave little wife and bear up under a little longer wait? When I do come to you it will be quite a few years before we part again....2s.

Letter 1919 November 9 

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American Expeditionary Forces, Headquarters Services of Supply, Kaiserhof Hotel, Berlin. Dearest little Wife: We left paris at 10 p.m. last Wednesday night and reached Cologne the next afternoon. At that point, they made up a German train for us, and we scudded thru the night to the Friedenak-Strasse station in Berlin...The Interallied Commission deliberates daily with the German delegates who will accompany us to the Bltic Provinces. We expect to depart with them on a special train for Konigsberg on Tuesday and study the situation further on the ground...I have been very homesick for you today, dear one....3s.

Letter 1919 November 15 

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Interallied Baltic Military Mission, American Section, Koono, Lithuania. Dearest little Wife: ...How I have wanted you, my lover, since embarking on this trip! My duties have been light and I have had ample opportunity to think of you...Koenigsberg is dull and uninteresting but we stayed there a day to have conferences with the German territorial commander. He was not particularly cordial and disclaimed ability to help us...After a day at Koenigsberg we departed for Tilsit...Conditions being bad in Lithuania because of their hostile attitude toward the Poles, we next came here to confer with the Lithuanian government on the question of better understanding with the Poles...You would be ammused to see the dull lookinig Lithuanian soldiers around here - dressed in American uniforms....2s.

Letter 1919 November 23 

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American Expeditionary Forces letterhead. Tilsit, East Prussia. Darling Lucy: ...We have now been away from Paris nearly three weeks and have accomplished a good deal. Bermondt has disappeared with his staff and the mutinous troops now responde to the orders of Gen Von Eberhardt - undfer pressure, I might say, of some good body jolts handed to themn by the Letts. the evacuation of the Baltic provinces will be completed, I think, about Dec. 10 and we will then start back to Paris...we are still couped up in the train and life in a 2 x 4 compartment without a chance for a bath is distincly unpleasant. I shall breathe a sigh of relief to get away from it....2s.

Letter 1919 November 26 

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American Expeditionary Forces letterhead. Tilsit, East Prussia. Dearest Lucy: We are still in Tilsit and the German evacuation is proceeding satisfactorily. Our mission has been crowned with more success than was originally anticipated by reason of the doughty blows which the Letts have been handing out to the Germans during the last week...Life here is very stupid and uninteresting. We do not journey far from the train by reason of the hostility of the Boche. However, his hostility is taken out more in looks than in actions and we go about when necessary with inpunity....1s.

Letter 1919 November 29 

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American Expeditionary Forces letterhead. Tilsit, East Prussia. Dearest Sweetheart: ...We have pulled the Baltic countries off their backs and given them an opportunity to depart gracefully but what they need is the utter defeat which the Letts are unable to administer...European winter is approaching. It does not become very cold but the sky is always overcast and the sun seldom appears....We have yet no news on our completion of work. Dec. 13 is still our expected date, but it may be longer....2s.

 2000.008.1.22 December 1919 

Letter 1919 December 3 

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Tilsit, East Prussia. Dearest Sweetheart: The evacuation of the Baltic Provinces is well under way, 9000 men having already been gotten out. The Germans have until 13 December 1919 to complete the movement of about 30,000 men. Our greatest fear is the so-called "Iron Division", an old Prussian guard division with imperialistic tendencies...So far we have seen miscellaneous and unruly German & Russian troops only, and the town of Tilsit is heavily patrolled to prevent outrages by these men...I am looking forward to seeing you in January. I say January because it is better to disappoint you pleasantly if possible to come sooner....5s.

Letter 1919 December 4 

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Tilsit, East Prussia. My Darling: I am very much ashamed that I am not as faithful in writing to you as you are to me...One of your letters developed statistics that you had received only 20 letters from me since last March. I can hardly believe that I wrote only 20 letters, dearie. We should have agreed before parting to number our letters consecutively, then we could have been sure whether of not they had been lost...I have not in the least lost my love for you, but I am afraid I am your inferior in many things and fail where you are strong...As to coming over to France it is out of the question unless I am permanently assigned for duty over here...I will cable to you about the hotel, etc. in New York when I knwo I am coming home....8s.

Letter 1919 December 7 

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Tilsit, East Prusssia. Dear little Wife: ...I went to Memel yesterday in the motor car. The Iron Division from the Baltic is expected to appear in Memel at any time, and we half expected to meet advance elements of their formations on the way...The Baltic countries are nearly evacuated and there remain only some questions of railway materiel and punishment of certain recalcitrent Germans who hvae committed outrages....3s.

Letter 1919 December 9 

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Tilsit, East Prussia. Dearest Lucy: A trainload of Germano-Russians is near by as I write. They have come out of the Baltic States and seem very happy. At least, they are singing in a grand chorus!...We are expecting to proceed north to Schavli in a day or two to see the extent of the damage by the Germans in their retreat...The Iron Division is still moving on Memel...It seems rather curious to look up from my writing to see the steel helmetsof our Boche sentinels passing the windows of the car...4s.

 2000.008.1.23 Letter 1919 December 11 

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Tilsit, East Prussia. Dearest little Wife: ...I suspect my conscience has been hurting me that I have neglected you, and that I have inadvertently led you to believing that I no longer care for you...It's not so, dear one...The Germans are passing the frontier in four places today, in number about 11,000 and the evacuation is complete. Almost 16,000 have come out by Railway and 11,000 by road...It is thought that the American Section will have completed its work by Christmas and that we can then pass overland thru Germany to France again - buy automobile. That puts me in the U.S. early in January !!!!....4s.

Letter 1919 December 13 

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Tilsit, East Prussia. Dearest little Wife: ...Another hitch has risen in proceedings and the Germans are again not keeping their written arrangements. They were to be completely out of Lithuania on 13 December. It will take several days longer by reason of some troops lingering by the way (to pillage, we suppose). We are somewhat annoyed since we expected to go to Riga on the 14th and return by way of Koono in time for Christmas....4s.

Letter 1919 December 18 

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Riga, Latvia. Dearest little Wife: ...We sit now in Riga after a journey without incident through Lithuania and Latvia...Although we had rifles and ammunition ready none of the bands reported as being at large in Lithuania put into appearance to receive the steel-jackets...On our arrival the Latvia head of the State met us at the station with a band, a smart company of infantry, and a young lady with flowers and a speech. The commission was then invited to dinner with Mr. Ulmann---, the Premier, who was eduacated in the U.S. for 8 p.m.....4s.

Letter 1919 December 22 

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Riga, Latvia. Dear Big Sweetheart Lucy: ...Christmas is only three days off but do not conclude sweetheart that I have forgotten to remember you. It is hazzardous to send anything but love at the moment so I'll reserve my offerings until I can bring them myself very soon...We leave Riga tonight after the very pleasant visit of a few days...the snow has been falling intermittently for the last few days and there is now such a heavy blanket that railway traffic is much interupted...One or two days in Koono, then to Berlin for a day or two, then to paris is our present plan. I suspect that we shall make Paris about 2 January and from thence to Antwerp or Brest for embarkation....2s.

Letter 1919 December 28 

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Conrad Uhl's Hotel Bristol, Berlin. Dearest Lover: ...In the first place, I love you and in the last place I also love you...On quitting Riga on the 22nd, we proceeded to Nutau where we had quite a busy time inspecting the German destructions. They destroyed pretty effectively schools, libraries, barracks, and other public buildings in addition to many private houses...One incubus was lifted rom our shoulders when we turned over our two limousines (cadillacs) to be taken back to Riga by the French Mission. They did not give us very much service since we were in the train all the time....1s.

Letter 1919 December 31 

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Berlin. Dearest: ...Col. L---, Lt. Messick, and three of our men will go to Pairs on the 2nd, but I must stay some days longer with Gen. Cheney. I am frankly disgusted since I hope to be away from here long before this. The General is holding me because I have the money and I will doubtless be here until the Commission finally concludes business with the Germans about the 8th or 10th...We go tonight to the New Years Eve hotel harvest at the Hotel Adlon, Berlin's finest. I suspect we will gloom the occasion by our presence but I am intersted in seeing the Germans have a good time...The Headquqrters of our forces in france should close about Jan 15 and proceed to the U.S. on the "Northern Pacific" from Antwerp....6s.

 2000.008.1.24 January 1920 

Letter 1920 January 3 

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Berlin. Dearest: ...Lt. Lloyd-Wilson, a British Lieutenant on our mission, a gentle natured and music-loving young officer, was on duty at Tilsit as a controle officer. It was his duty to examine the trains coming thru from the Baltic and make notesof their contents and the njmber of troops carried. A train arrived at 2 a.m. and Wilson approached a German Colonel Von Luck's headquarters. The Lieutenant turned and asked him how he dared to address a German officer and ordered him off the platform. Wilson told him that he proposed to stay and examine the train and proceeded down the platform. The Lieutenant called 5 or 6 of his men who all drew their revolvers and advanced bravely on the unarmed British officer. He made no opposition, the soldiers seized him, and the Lieutentant then spat in his face. The train then pulled out with these delightful scoundrels without being properly search. It contained much was material which should have been left in Lithuania and machine guns were mounted on several of the flatcars to prevent any one from touching it...It makes my blood boil that the politicians did not let the war go on another two months so that such a miserable race might be thorough crushed....4s.

Letter 1920 January 6 

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Conrad Uhl's Hotel Bristol, Berlin. Dearest Wife: We are awaiting the time when the Germans are ready to begin delivering rolling stock to the Lithuanians. The General is becoming very impatient with them but that does not hasten matters...As soon as we hear of a train passing Insterburg we will leave at once for Paris. Our baggage went yesterday so we shall doubtless soon follow...I laugh when I think what my Lucy would do if she had a German husband. She would certainly have to be meek and obedient to her lord and master. Women are supposed to be the bearers of children and the servants of their husbands in Germany....1s.

Letter 1920 January 10 

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Berlin. Dear Sweetheart: It is two weeks since we left Koono, and it will be two weeks since we arrived in Berlin when noon tomorrow arrives. The Germans are dicouragingly slow in their actions and we have only to sit and wait their pleasure...It is very disgusting and just retard our return to Paris so much. If deliveries commence on the 12th, we shall move out at once for Paris and leave a sub-commission to carry on the work. The A.F. in F. will be gone when we reach Paris as they sail on the 11th, I believe from Antwerp. That being the case, the General and I will be nearly the last ones home from the A.E.F.!....4s.

Letter 1920 January 11 

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Conrad Uhl's Hotel Bristol, Berlin. Dearest Sweetheart: ...Our departure from Berlin is now fixed for the 15th and I am holding my breath for fear that something may arise to change the plan. The Germans should begin handing over rolling stock tomorrow....1s.

 2000.008.1.25 Letter 1920 January 14 

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Berlin. Dearest Sweetheart: Before you begin to worry about me because of the riots of yesterday in Berlin and garbled newspaper reports of it, I am hastening to assure you that I am quite all right and have observed the demonstration with interest. A vast crowd of people marching in column of fours with red flags and cheering went up unter der Linden yesterday and congregated in front of thethe Reichstag. They remained there all morning milling aroung and howling against the government...There was a large crowd at Wilhelmstrasse where the soldiers had closed the street. They were intent on their own business, however, and I went fhru them and entered the Britsol without incident...No change has occurred in our plans to go to Paris on the 16th...There is one possibility, dearie, which I wish to tell you of. If I should be offered a permanent appointment of some kind in Europe, I shall take it, and have you hustle over just as fast as you can....7s.

Letter 1920 January 20 

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Hotel Continental, Paris. My darling: ...we are now in Paris and I am domiciled at the Continenetal Hotel. We left Berlin on the evening of the 16th and reached Cologne the next morning...The next transport seems to be the "Powhatan" which has just been reported sinking 500 miles east of New York. That being the case, I am not hopeful of sailing much before the 27th or 28th. I don't look forward with any pleasure to the voyage as I hear that the Atlantic is behaving very badly just at present....1s.

Letter 1920 January 21 

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Hotel Continental, Paris. Dear Sweetheart Wife: Another day has passed and nearly all of my work is done. I have yet only to turn over the money and the vouchers which I have carried during this jaunt, to the Disbursing Offficer of the Embassy and I can then say that I am ready to [go] homewards...Received the picture of the baby today and am much pleased with it. I regret to notice that she does look somewhat like me. Tough on the poor kiddie to get such a bad start....1s.

Letter 1920 January 26 

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Hotel Continental, Paris. Dearest: You will have decided anew that I am derelict in not writing since last thursday. However, I am sure you will forgive me when you learn that I went to Tours on Friday to bid the Hennions adieux and returned today at noon...

Postcard 1920 January 30 

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Hotel Continental, Paris. My darling: We have just learned that there is a boat next Wednesday so I suppose I shall soon be on my way to you. How happy the prospect seems!...Oh dear heart, my heart is beginning to beat more rapidly for you.

Letter 1920 January 31 

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Hotel Continental, Paris. Dearest little Wife: All arrangements have now been made and we shal get to Antwerp to take the "Buford" Voviet artk on 4 February....1s.

 2000.008.1.26 February 1920 

Letter 1920 February 4 

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Grand Hotel Germinus - Anvers. Dearest little Wife: We sail tomorrow on the "Buford", but since faster ships will sail after her, reaching the states with mail ahead of her, I will start a letter to you now. The "Buford" will take nearly two weeks so I do not hope to see you as soon as I should like....1s.

Telegram 1920 February 8 

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Western Union Telegram. Antwerp. To: Reverand Moore, Plattsburg, Mo. Fifth Buford due Twentieth. Edward.

Letter 1920 Februar 22 

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USAT Buford. 24 hours from New York. Dearest: It seems an age since I last worte to you from Europe for we are just now completing our 17th day on this transport...I can hardly wait until the formalities are over in the East and I can come to collect you and the litlte one...I do not know yet what I shall do when I reach New York since my orders read only to Antwerp. I hope, however to secure orders to proceed to Washington and clear up some accounts on State Department funds which we had in the Baltic....3s.

 2000.008.1.27 Letter 1977 September 5 

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223 Engle Drive, Wallingford, PA. Dear Col. Hixon: It is difficult to recall accurately the details of life 60 years ago, but I'll try. From what older women told me, Ft. Scott and the Presidio of San Francisco were still very much "old army" when I went there as a bride in July, 1917...In 1917 my husband, then a first lieutenant of Coast Artillery, was assigned to Ft. Scott, but because there were no available quarters at Ft. Scott and he was getting married, he was loaned to the Presidio as Post Adjutant until such time as his artillery regiment would leave for Europe....2s typed, signed "Lucy M. MacMorland."

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 2000.008.1.28 Writings 1951 

Article 1951 October 13 

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"Our First War with the Russians". Article for "Collier's", 9p. Written by Major General Edward E. MacMorland with Lieutenent Colonel Clarke Newlon. 2 copies in 2 versions, with handwritten revisions and corrections.

Fragment Undated 

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Numbered as page (37). "Promptly at 6 a.m. the river position was assaulted from the front the the right flank...." Carbon copy typed fragment, 1p.

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 2000.008.1.29 Maps 

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The following duplicated maps have been added by the collection processor for research purposes and were not part of the MacMorland archive:

Area of Operations in North Russia.

The Times Atlas featuring the U.S.S.R., with glossary of Russian terms on verso.

Russian map of Murmansk, Soroka, Medvedya Gora and surrouding area.

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