Unknown soldier, US Army 5th Infantry Division diary
2009.031

Summary Information

Repository
The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Title
Unknown soldier, US Army 5th Infantry Division diary
ID
2009.031
Date [inclusive]
1917-1918
Extent
0.1 Linear feet
General Physical Description note
Good.
Language
English
Language
These materials are in English.

Preferred Citation note

Unknown soldier, US Army 5th Infantry Division, 1918. Coll No. 2009.031. McFarlin Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives. University of Tulsa.

Return to Table of Contents »


Scope and Contents note

1915 pocket diary, repurposed as a journal by an unknown soldier in the US Army 5th Infantry Division. Very brief entries describe his division's constant movement through France, the soldier's experiences being shelled by the Germans, snipers, dead Frencgh civilians in the streets, gas alarms while in the field, sleeping in holes in the ground, meals eaten, etc. Although each entry is marked with day and date, they are often not correct when compared to a perpetual yearly calendar.

Return to Table of Contents »


Administrative Information

Publication Information

 The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives 2013 November

McFarlin Library
University of Tulsa
2933 E. 6th St
Tulsa, OK, 74104-3123
918-631-2496
Marc-carlson@utulsa.edu

Access

This material is open for research use by any registered reader.

Use and Copyright

This material is owned by the University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections. Unpublished manuscripts are under copyright. Therefore, permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from both the repository and the copyright holder.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Purchase.

Return to Table of Contents »


Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Charles Apfelbaum. Rare Manuscripts and Archives.

Subject(s)

  • United States. Army. Infantry Division, 5th
  • World War I Collection.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- France.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Diaries.
  • World War, 1914-1918.

Return to Table of Contents »


Collection Inventory

Friday 1918 September 27 

Scope and Contents note

Left Demeures en Hay rest camp at 8 p.m. marching about 18 kilos.

Return to Table of Contents »


Saturday 1918 September 28 

Scope and Contents note

Camped in barracks in wood at 1 a.m.

Return to Table of Contents »


Saturday 1918 September 28 

Scope and Contents note

Did not sleep much last night. Slept on a wire bottom because without a mattress. Had breakfast at 10 a.m. Corn willie and alfalfa soup. Supper at 5 p.m. Gold fish and alfalfa soup. Orders to roll packs.

Return to Table of Contents »


Sunday 1918 September 29 

Scope and Contents note

Started to hiking at 7 p.m. last eve. Hiked about 25 kilos. Hiked through rain reached Regney la Salle at 1 a.m. Did not sleep much last night altho I had a good hay bunk. Had a boil on my neck that gave me _____. Had breakfast at 10:30 a.m. Roast beef and pudding. Supper at 5 p.m. Gold fish and pudding.

Return to Table of Contents »


Monday 1918 September 30 

Scope and Contents note

Breakfast at 11 a.m. Roast beef and pudding. Retired again after breakfast. Signed payroll this p.m. Supper 5 p.m. Roast beef.

Return to Table of Contents »


Tuesday 1918 October 1 

Scope and Contents note

Frost this morning. Beginning to-day with regular schedule for drills. Getting good chow.

Return to Table of Contents »


Wednesday 1918 October 2 

Scope and Contents note

A surprise. Transferred from 1st Platoon to Co. clerk at Pagney. Got paid to-day. Drew 35 franks [sic].

Return to Table of Contents »


Thursday 1918 October 3 

Scope and Contents note

Got a little experience in orderly room work. Good chow. Sitting on the [world] orders to pack up to move to-morrow.

Return to Table of Contents »


Friday 1918 October 4 

Scope and Contents note

Packed up ready to move at 8 a.m. Started on hike at 11 a.m. with full pack. Hiked 8 kilos to Void [-Vacon, France]. Rested in field until 5:30 p.m. Loaded on French trucks 5:30 p.m. Arrived at 3:30 a.m. Nothing to eat but corn willie and hard tack. Orders to move in a.m.

Return to Table of Contents »


Saturday 1918 October 5 

Scope and Contents note

Packed up and redy [sic] to move at 7 a.m. Orders later that we would not move. Moved orderly room to new quarters late this eve.

Return to Table of Contents »


Sunday 1918 October 6 

Scope and Contents note

Time changed back 1 hour last night at 12 p.m.

Return to Table of Contents »


Monday 1918 October 7 

Scope and Contents note

Rained last night. Cold this a.m. More rain this p.m. This is some muddy place.

Return to Table of Contents »


Tuesday 1918 October 8 

Scope and Contents note

More rain to-day.

Return to Table of Contents »


Wednesday 1918 October 9 

Scope and Contents note

Fair to-day. Sun. Glad to see some sunshine.

Return to Table of Contents »


Thursday 1918 October 10 

Scope and Contents note

More sunshine. Camp drying out some. Visited Red Cross to-day. Was served hot chocolate and doughnuts. Wrote to Uncle Joe, Willie, and Logan.

Return to Table of Contents »


Friday 1918 October 11 

Scope and Contents note

Orders to move after dinner. Moved about 20 kilos toward Verdun front on trucks. Passed through some torn up country. Reached destination about 5 p.m. Pitched camp tents in woods. Had gas alarm about 12 a.m. but no gas.

Return to Table of Contents »


Saturday 1918 October 12 

Scope and Contents note

Moved forward about 1/2 mile. Have my bed in a small hole. It is very comfortable. Another gas alarm at 12 last night but no gas. Fritz is throwing a lot of shells over our heads. There were 110 duds out of 125 shells.

Return to Table of Contents »


Sunday 1918 October 13 

Scope and Contents note

Had another gas alarm at 9 last night but no gas. Fritz is still throwing shells at us mnost of them duds. But they scare just the same. fritz killed 8 and wounded 15 of our men not far from o[rderly] room to-day.

Return to Table of Contents »


Sunday 1918 November 3 

Scope and Contents note

Everything moving on quietly since last nite except an occasional shot from Fritz and bombing parties at night. Visited the town of [Mt. Faucon] this afternoon. Orders to move forward to-morrow.

Return to Table of Contents »


Monday 1918 November 4 

Scope and Contents note

Packed up and redy [sic] to move at 9 a.m. Started on hike at 1:30 p.m. We were shelled on road at [--left blank by the author--]. Wounded a company clerk. Had to leave road and hike across field. Arrived at Cunel about 4:30 p.m. Town don't seem to be shot up very bad.

Return to Table of Contents »


Tuesday 1918 November 5 

Scope and Contents note

Had a bad nights sleep last night. Bill and I slept in a hole just large enough for one small man. Located a place for the orderly room in an old building this a.m. We will also sleep in office. Fritz shelled the town a little last night. No shells to-day.

Return to Table of Contents »


Wednesday 1918 November 6 

Scope and Contents note

Could not sleep last night for some reason. Guess it was on account of cooties. got up at 12 o'clock p.m. and cooked some bacon. Had a real lunch and went back to bed. did not wake up in time for breakfast. Orders at 6 a.m. to pack up and move to Dun-sur-Meuse. I was sent ahead on truck to locate place for orderly room. Crossed Meuse River on pontoon bridge. Town on banks of river. Locaged orderly room in a nice French home. Boche airplanes flew over and dropped several bombs near by. Also used his machine gun [co----] we turned them back with rifles and pistols. Did not get any dinner.

Return to Table of Contents »


Thursday 1918 November 7 

Scope and Contents note

Boche did a lot of shelling last night but none fell close to my shack. Had a good nights sleep. Think I will go swimming in the Meuse to-day as our equipment has not arrived.

Return to Table of Contents »


Friday 1918 November 8 

Scope and Contents note

Had to move out of our good home to give way for the officer's mess. We have a nice room upstairs with good bunk and stove. I visited the homes to-day in search of [---] but failed to find any. there has been a lot of beautiful homes here but they are all demollished.

Return to Table of Contents »


Saturday 1918 November 9 

Scope and Contents note

Have been pretty busy working to-day. Have orders to move forward to-morrow.

Return to Table of Contents »


Sunday 1918 November 10 

Scope and Contents note

Moved to Mauroux to-day. Had to hike. It was only 6 kilos. This is a dirty town. Pretty well shot up. There is a lot of dead still lying in the streets. They captured some snipers here this a.m. Fritz sent over a few shells last night. they landed pretty close. We are all anxious to know what the peace party is going to do by 11 o'clock to-morrow.

Return to Table of Contents »


Monday 1918 November 11 

Scope and Contents note

Slept so late I missed my breakfast. Did not sleep much. Had a litter for a bunk. Everybody is happy of the abdication of the Kyzar [sic]. The autos and trucks are all burning lights. Orders to move to Lyon to-morrow. Bill and I had a bit of experience this p.m. While out walking we found a rifle and some ammunition and decided we would have a little target practice, when two M.P.s dame up and asked us if we had been shooting. Of course we said no and the M.P.s went on hunting for the guilty party.

Return to Table of Contents »


Tuesday 1918 November 12 

Scope and Contents note

[Author dated this entry as Sept 12 Tuesday]

Moved to Lyon to-day. About 9 kilos on trucks. This town is only about 3 kilos from Mauroux air shot but there is a high mountain separating the town. Bill and I have a cozy place to sleep. It is a small stone building about 12 ft. square. Town not shot up bad. Some [civilians] come in town to-day. Orders to move to [B---] to-morrow.

Return to Table of Contents »


Wednesday 1918 November 13 

Scope and Contents note

[Author dated this entry as Sept 13 Wednesday]

Moving orders put off 24 hours. Frost this a.m.

Return to Table of Contents »


Thursday 1918 November 14 

Scope and Contents note

[Author dated this entry as Sept 14 Thursday]

Orders to move to Lancy to-morrow. More frost and cold.

Return to Table of Contents »


Friday 1918 November 15 

Scope and Contents note

[Author dated this entry as Sept 15 Friday]

All moving orders cancelled. Can hear all kind of rumors as to where the 5th Division will go next. More frost but pretty clear weather.

Return to Table of Contents »


Saturday 1918 November 16 

Scope and Contents note

[Author dated this entry as Sept 16 Saturday]

Official rumor. 5th Division will go to Germany. I almost fainted. Will start soon on 300 kilo hike.

Return to Table of Contents »


Sunday 1918 November 17 

Scope and Contents note

[Author dated this entry as Sept 17 Sunday]

Preparing to go to Germany. Drawing equipment etc.

Return to Table of Contents »


Monday 1918 November 18 

Scope and Contents note

[Author dated this entry as Sept 18 Monday]

Official rumor. Germany trip called off. 5th Division will be among first 100,000 home. Will move to [---] and entrain there soon. Feeling better. Had my first experience with a dentist.

Return to Table of Contents »


Tuesday 1918 November 19 

Scope and Contents note

Nothing unusual happened. More frost.

Return to Table of Contents »


Wednesday 1918 November 20 

Scope and Contents note

Cold and fair. Bill and I took a stroll to-night after dark. Hiked about 5 kilos. I feel more like sleeping.

Return to Table of Contents »


Thursday 1918 November 21 

Scope and Contents note

Cold and fair. Packed up to move to Dun-sur-Meuse to-day but recd orders to stay.

Return to Table of Contents »


Friday 1918 November 22 

Scope and Contents note

Nothing unusual happened. Received 64 replacements in the company to-day.

Return to Table of Contents »


Saturday 1918 November 23 

Scope and Contents note

Took a hike up a high mountain to-day near town. It is about 3 kilos high and almost straight up in some places but entirely level on top. Moved to Longuyon to-day. Left Lyon at 8 a.m. on trucks. Rode about 35 miles reaching Longuyon at 12 noon. A good size place about the size of Troy. Shot up pretty bad during 1915. We have good rooms. Electric lights.

Return to Table of Contents »


Sunday 1918 November 24 

Scope and Contents note

have not had chance to look around mutch [sic]. I understand we will move again soon.

Return to Table of Contents »


Monday 1918 November 25 

Scope and Contents note

Rained last night. Some warmer to-day. Had a nice hot bath in a German [prepared] bath house to-night. Have new outfit of clothes and feel like a new man. Wrote home to-night but no mail from home in over two weeks.

Return to Table of Contents »


Monday 1918 December 2 

Scope and Contents note

Regular routine of work at this town. Orders to move to Hollerich to-morrow.

Return to Table of Contents »


Tuesday 1918 December 3 

Scope and Contents note

Left Longuyon on grucks for Hollerich at 9 p.m. to-night. Arrived at Hollerich 2 a.m. Billited in the city school building. A nice clean place but no bunks.

Return to Table of Contents »


Wednesday 1918 December 11 

Scope and Contents note

Regular work in this town. Had a grand time here. Orders to move to Merle to-morrow.

Return to Table of Contents »


Thursday 1918 December 12 

Scope and Contents note

Left by float for Merle at 9 a.m. to-day. It is a small town 3 kilos from Luxembourg.

Return to Table of Contents »


Tuesday 1918 December 15 

Scope and Contents note

Lot of rain since we've been here. Had a lot of [funn] with the natives here. Orders to move to Esch in a.m.

Last entry.

Return to Table of Contents »


Laid in material 

Scope and Contents note

Handwritten chronology of the soldier's activities from enlistment (1918 January 23) up to his division's move "over the top" (4:30 p.m., 1918 September 13). 2 sheets.

Return to Table of Contents »


Laid in material 

Scope and Contents note

Press cutting from "The Amaroc News", Coblenz, Monday, June 9:

"What They Say. It Hurts. Mrs. Aaron Chesbrough, a so-called society leader of Toledo, Ohio, in writing her friends at homne tells some interesting happenings. More especially she mentions the purported facts about German propaganda, and her letter is published in the Toledo paper...."

Return to Table of Contents »


Diary 1918   14 x 6.9 x 8 cm Brown, leather-covered, sewn single-signature 1915 pocket calendar and address book. "If it Comes from the House of Crane It's a good Cigar" is embossed on the front cover.

Scope and Contents note

Brief handwritten journal entries on 20 pages; 3 pages containing names and addresses.

Other pre-printed contents of the diary include:

points of constitutional law

parcel post rates

interest laws of states and territories

first aid to the injured

useful information for business men and contractors

metric system weights and measures

how to prevent fires

use of various substances for cleaning purposes

weather bureau flag signal key

US and world maps

US census statistics

Return to Table of Contents »