Leo McCusker WWI diary
2009.032

Summary Information

Repository
The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Title
Leo McCusker WWI diary
ID
2009.032
Date
1918
Extent
0.1 Linear feet Pocket diary
General Physical Description note
Brown, canvas cover with leather trim, pencil loop, black elastic closure, and marbled endsheets. Sewn signatures of graphed paper. Overall condition is good; however, some pages are beginning to detach from binding threads. Given the diary's overall condition, it is recommended that the transcript be used rather than the diary itself.
Dimensions note
13.7 x 8.7 x 1.5 cm
Language
English
Language
These materials are in English.

Preferred Citation note

Leo McCusker WWI diary, 1918. Coll No. 2009.032. McFarlin Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives. University of Tulsa.

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Scope and Contents note

Pocket diary of Captain Leo McCusker (US Army, HQ Troop, 4th Div) dating from May 6 through September 26,1918. The diary begins with McCusker's boarding ship for England. It continues with excellent detailed descriptive accounts of battles (including September 25th battle on Hill 304), German bombing and shelling raids, the elaborate German dugouts, dead and wounded on the battlefields, prisoners of war, etc at and near the Front in France. It also includes his experiences in various French towns and villages, including the prostitutes in Paris.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives December 2013

McFarlin Library
University of Tulsa
2933 E. 6th St
Tulsa, OK, 74104-3123
918-631-2496
Marc-carlson@utulsa.edu

Access

This material is open for research use by any registered reader.

Use and Copyright

This material is owned by the University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections. Unpublished manuscripts are under copyright. Therefore, permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from both the repository and the copyright holder.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Purchase.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Charles Apfelbaum. Rare Manuscripts and Archives.

Personal Name(s)

  • McCusker, Leo, Captain

Subject(s)

  • World War I Collection.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- France.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Diaries.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- France.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Personal narratives -- United States.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- United States.
  • World War, 1914-1918.

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General note

Leo McCusker was promoted from 1st Lt. to Captain, 26 July 1918, at which time he officially assumed command of the 4th Division HQ Troop. For further information about the 4th Division during this time period, see "The Fourth Division: Its Services and Achievements in the World War..." written by Christian Albert Bach and Henry Noble Hall. Issued by the Division, 1920.

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Collection Inventory

Monday 1918 May 8 

Scope and Contents note

Left Camp Miles for overseas. Loaded aboard the Aquitania at 3 p.m. I had charge of the freight and looked after the loading. It ws some job but everything passed off O.K.

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Tuesday 1918 May 7 

Scope and Contents note

Sailed out of NY at 8 a.m. The day is beautiful. Had to keep below decks until out of harbor. The meals are good and everybody is in good spirits. Feel sorry for Holt--he had had no word about B.J., Jr.

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Wednesday 1918 May 8 

Scope and Contents note

Day fine--running like hell. This is some boat.

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Thursday 1918 May 9 

Scope and Contents note

Nothing but water. Meals still good. Plenty of eats and nothing to drink. Cigars 40 cents. Played "hearts" with the old man until 9:30. Sleep wants to get the better of me every p.m.

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Friday 1918 May 10 

Scope and Contents note

Another fine day--water everywhere. Ship is making fast time. No submarines.

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Saturday 1918 May 11 

Scope and Contents note

Had target practice this p.m. Saw some wonderful shooting. Wonderfully fine day--hot.

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Sunday 1918 May 11 

Scope and Contents note

Change--it rained a little. Some [--. G.] officers (112th) put on a rather rough show in the p.m.--no hit with me.

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Monday 1918 13 May 

Scope and Contents note

No escort yet. Getting near the Irish coast. Ship runs like hell all day and then lets out a couple of notches all night. walker seems to have the bellyache a great deal. He slept all p.m. He and I slept with our clothes on tonight. I slept very well. Reported submarine on [---] port at dusk--guns banged away but we did not stop.

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Tuesday 1918 May 14 

Scope and Contents note

Landed at 3 p.m. in Liverpool. The trip up the channel was uneventful. fine dandy little american J.B.D.'s escorting up. they certainly do keep close watch and do much running around. I had charge of 143 men and took care of unloading the boat and loading on the little English box cars. The job took us from 3 p.m. to 9:30 at which time we marched out and boarded the train for Dover. Liverpool impressed me as being a very rotten town altho I saw very little of it.

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Wednesday 1918 May 15 

Scope and Contents note

Landed in Dover at 10 a.m. after a delightful trip thru the outskirts of London and thru the country of Kent. the country was very pretty. Dover is an old town and very interesting. Had dinner and sailed out at 12:30 for France. Landed in Calais at about 3:50 and immediately put the detachment unloading which we finished at 7 p.m. Stayed all night at the small officers club and experienced my first air raid which lasted from 10:30 to after 12. I was in the celler with all the other guests.

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Thursday 1918 May 16 

Scope and Contents note

Up early and out to camp. the Bn. arrived in the p.m. and work commenced immediately with the equipment. Embraced a number of bottles of English beer at the E.F. Canteen. Certainly enjoyed it--so did all the others.

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Friday 1918 May 17 

Scope and Contents note

Dumped excess clothing after spending much time and abundant energy in the states to accumulate equipment enough to satisfy the inspector. I stood by and watched the compound march up and dump their surplus clothing on a sandlot & I could get no receipt.

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Saturday 1918 May 18 

Scope and Contents note

Continued the exercise--drew new rifles & turned in the Springfields. Stayed in town with Major G. and talked until 2 a.m. with him & two British officers.

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Sunday 1918 May 19 

Scope and Contents note

Took the gas test, drew masks, and drew a lot of equipment.

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Monday 1918 May 20 

Scope and Contents note

Took the train out of Calais for Sauer and moved out to La Turne. Established the Bn. in pup tents and got a billet with Holt at the home of Monsieur Fisher--a nice family and very accommodating. Big air raid at night. 1 man (Sair) killed.

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Tuesday 1918 May 21 

Scope and Contents note

Visited Etables and ate a good meal at the officer's club. Another raid.

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Wednesday 1918 May 22 

Scope and Contents note

Drew supplies for a canteen. Fine weather & an air raid at night.

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Thursday 1918 May 23 

Scope and Contents note

Drew transport--very good outfit. New harness and mules somewhat galled. Visited Etables on motorcylce.

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Friday 1918 May 24 

Scope and Contents note

Still no rain. Ate dinner in the evening with Colonel Roach-Kelly and Capt. Milkes at the South Irish Horse. Had a very good time. Major G. along. Johnny Walker [hour].

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Saturday - Thursday 1918 May 25 - June 27 

Scope and Contents note

Was relieved as Supply Officer at my request (3 times) and put back into my old outfit B Co. The change suited me to a T. The Major is a fine man and a good K.O. but he gets too excited at times to suit my system. He promised to send me to M.G. school but instead sent me to H__ J__ as sub-commandant. Here I enjoyed life very much--goo billet, good food & good company. Rec'd orders to join Bn. one night at 5:30. [---] had left next day as Billeting Officer for Bn. on a hike. Stayed one night at Waresville and the next at Waresquail where I arranged a billet in a fine field. I ate at the mess of the officers of a British school commanded by Colonel Hannay of the [---]. He certainly treated me fine as did all the other officers. We moved out of this town and landed in M__ after passing thru Paris. I was designated to attend to embarking of the 4th Div. from maresquale and landed a day after the Bn. M__ is a good town. I had a billet with a family named Happert. Moved from M__ to A__ by foot.

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Sunday 1918 June 23 

Scope and Contents note

A__ is a good town on the Marne. Sunday moved out with the company for an exhibition by the [French] at R__, a distance of about 12 miles. We started at 5:30 p.m. and landed at 9. Had supper and slung tents with Holt in a field. Had a fine sleep until 5 o'clock when a Hun machine opened up a [---] contest in the near vicinity.

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Monday 1918 June 24 

Scope and Contents note

Saw the exhibition and started back to town at 5 o'clock.

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Tuesday 1918 June 25 

Scope and Contents note

Dull all day. Range.

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Wednesday 1918 June 26 

Scope and Contents note

Short air raid. Brigade maneuvers. Liason Officer--good. Fished the Marne in the evening--no luck. Air raid.

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Thursday 1918 June 27 

Scope and Contents note

Drill all day. Major G. had a little too much lasdt night and was in bad humor all day--he got an automobile. Air raid.

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Friday 1918 June 28 

Scope and Contents note

visited St. ___ in the evening with Woods and returned about 10 o'clock. The river road is certainly beautiful.

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Saturday 1918 June 29 

Scope and Contents note

Holt seemed worried about his wife. I certainly would like to help him. He's wondering if it's a girl or a boy. Fritz left for gas school. Air raid.

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Sunday 1918 June 30 

Scope and Contents note

Left to attend [D--] M.G. school at [S--- ___] in the Marne. Arrived there at 8 p.m. after a fine march my steed ws feeling very fiesty established my 84 men in tents on a fine hill and was billeted in a hotel in town.

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Monday 1918 July 1 

Scope and Contents note

Men went on range school. Very easy and not doing the men much good. The work is all old. Mess is very good and [French]officers fine fellows.

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Tuesday 1918 July 2 

Scope and Contents note

Same thing--visited L__ F__ via auto in the evening. Saw Major Fuller and had bottle of champagne with him, Capt. Jim Johnson & Bain in A__ F__. Air raid all night.

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Wednesday 1918 July 3 

Scope and Contents note

Changed stations. School moved from ___ to L___ (stepmother). It was hard march but a good room in the home of a sugar mfgr. near factory. rec'd transportation from Major G. after a hell of a lot of explanantion. I'm getting to be like the rest of the officers in his outfit. Want to transfer.

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Thursday 1918 July 4 

Scope and Contents note

Big day. "Review" in the a.m. by Gen. [Grancher]. French marched thru Signy and had a big lunch at [noon]. In the p.m. we had plenty of games & stunts by the men. Prizes were awarded by Gen. G. Monstrous dinner in the evening with plenty of wine, etc. Capt. Jim Johnson, Bain, & I had a fine time.

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Friday 1918 July 5 

Scope and Contents note

Drill & range all day.

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Saturday 1918 July 6 

Scope and Contents note

Range & some grenade work.

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Sunday 1918 July 7 

Scope and Contents note

Went to Paris in the a.m. & returned in the p.m. 6 o'clock. Strictly virtuous. This is some stunt. Paris seems full of women whose sole idea is to take you home wtih them. I have a clear conscience. Ate lunch with Laconteur and his mule at the Grand Hotel on him--40f. Their beer was fine. Visited K. of C. Hqrs. & met some fine fellows. Strolled over to the Twilleries Garden & met a 1st Lt. from St. [---]. Paris is a good town & I would like to visit again & travel all over the whole place.

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Monday 1918 July 8 

Scope and Contents note

Nothing much doing. the men are not being benefitted by the school. I have been designated and ordered to be an instruction but I would rather be back with Hold & the Co.

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Tuesday 1918 July 9 

Scope and Contents note

Met Major Smith at Hqrs. & visited him at his chateau. Went on the range.

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Wednesday 1918 July 10 

Scope and Contents note

Went to Meaux with Major Smith to get him a uniform. ran over to see Mme. Happert and her family a few minutes. One of the windows of the house was broken out by a bomb from a plane. Two letters from C--- & two from Bob.

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Thursday 1918 July 11 

Scope and Contents note

Major G. ran down to see me. He looked bad--possibly too much water. Took two companies from the 4th engineers and gave them grenade work in the p.m. L.F. Hun plane down.

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Friday 1918 July 12 

Scope and Contents note

Nothing much doing. Visited Meaux and had tea with the Happerts.

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Saturday 1918 July 13 

Scope and Contents note

Rained today. Big bunch of planes were out today.

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Sunday 1918 July 14 

Scope and Contents note

Big review--Gen. G--here again. Was acting Major of the Amer. Rich, Grant, Moyer, [B--tnette], [---] here. Marched thru Lizy & had [---] bands. Afternoon devoted to games. Evening had theatre in garden but rain stopped the show. Major Smith & three other majors & Lt. Col. (medic) attended in my invitation. Had a lg. dinner & much wine etc.

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Monday 1918 July 15 

Scope and Contents note

Germans started shelling Meaux. Shells went right over our heads & sounded rather queer. Bought a box of [Preferencia's] for 8 francs. Certainly is a pleasure to get a good cigar. Plenty of aerial activity today and I won't be surprised if there is something doing in the Front before long. I am anxious to get up and get at 'em. I've been in a uniform for almost a year and I haven't fired alot at an enemy. Almost all the harm the shelling of Meaux will do is scare a few of the natives and the Bosch is wasting quite a good deal of ammunition. Same old story at the school--old stuff that the men have all had.

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Tuesday 1918 July 16 

Scope and Contents note

Had grenade work in the a.m. and range in the p.m. the weather is beautiful. Had an air raid last night in all nearby towns and a long gun dropped a few shells on Lizy. At 6 p.m. Capt. [Hewet] got orders to report to his battalion and I received orders to return to the 12th tomorrow. there must be something up. visited Major Smith in the evening and had a little time with the French and American officers at the school.

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Wednesday 1918 July 17 

Scope and Contents note

Reported back to Major Garber at 2:30 p.m. today. Found the Bn. encamped in a hillside heavily wooded. Holt & Woods had left for the Front and I was in command of the Company. Got orders to report to the C.O. of the 3rd Bn. of the 59th which I did and got orders about moving. Marched out at 8:15 p.m. with all transport and marched about 25 kilometers in the dark. It rained and blowed and was certainly terrible. The road was filled with transports coming & going and the further we marched the louder became the noise and more dense the roads. Holt met us at 4 a.m. and reported to me that we were to support an attack at 5 a.m. The Co. took up its position in the reserve line of trenches and 4:10 the artillery opened up a terrific straffing of the evening's line. Our Co. Hqrs. was established in the kitchen of a ruined chateau on the outskirts of Brumetz, a little village which had been plentifully shelled.

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Thursday 1918 July 18 

Scope and Contents note

A big day. At 5 a.m. the attack started and things ran our way. The Bosch retired and the French & our boys gave them no rest. In the a.m. we moved out from our position to Gandelin and then to Haute-Vosges where we took up our position behind a cliff. The shrapnel fell very thick and H.E. also in evidence. At about 7 p.m. our transport was shelled in the woods and I tore back to get it out. A team in one of the limbers started raising hell and the limbers rolled down off a small bank and pinned my left foot underneath. I left for the hospital in an ambulance and had the leg bound up at 12 midnight. The M.D. gave me a hypo to make me sleep. I was all in and nervous (and damn near frozen as I had left my blouse and all my belongings with the Co.). The M.D. wanted to send me to the base.

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Friday 1918 July 19 

Scope and Contents note

Left the hospital at 9 a.m. to return to the company altho I had a ticket for the base. Reached Haute-Vosges and found that no rations had been received and that the Captain was missing as was all the transport except the limbers. Sent out scouts after the transport and left with one limber. For rations I had to go clear to the 4th Div. dump before I got what I was after, a distance of 30k. I arrived there at 1:30 a.m. Loaded up and started back arriving at our company dump at 6 a.m. after a most uncomfortable night as my leg hurt and I was very tired.

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Saturday 1918 July 20 

Scope and Contents note

Cooked up mess for the Company and discoverd that Beneheim, Woods, & Fritz had returned with small casualities. Holt still missing. Gave the outfit a couple of meals and while I was back at the dump they left for the support lines. the Bosch still kept on retiring amid a terrific rain of artillery.

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Sunday 1918 July 21 

Scope and Contents note

Holt showed up late in the day. Got the transport organized in good shape and sent up rations etc. The attack is general I understand and the Bosch is retiring all along the line. Villages on the line are absolutely destroyed and the materiel the Hun is leaving behind amounts to millions of dollars. Many prisoners are being taken and many M.G.'s & cannon. The outfit in front of us must be a good one as they wear furlined packs. In the a.m. our company was relieved and we moved back to Gandelin. Had dinner and then went thru to Burmetz arriving there at about 4 p.m. At 10 p.m. we got orders to move out. Everybody is worn out and I'm feeling rotten. I took the transport out at midnight for Petrie, the Co. following in motors.

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Monday 1918 July 22 

Scope and Contents note

At 6 a.m. arrived at Petrie. Was met by a captain from the 59th & directed to move further to the Front. On the march we passed numerous dead Germans who were already turning black. Also a few French. [Archamps] was badly battered up as was Bussieres. The Hun dugouts were badly torn up and clothing, equipment & weapons were scattered everywhere. The Germans certainly were given a surprise. In some of their dugouts were chairs, beds, tables, chinaware, & every kind of luxury. We took up our position near Bonnes but did not get up into the real Front as the Hun kept falling back too fast for us to keep up with him and at 6 o'clock in the evening we were ordered back into our billet and the Cavalry and British motorized M.G.'s were sent in pursuit. We arrived in our Billet at 10:30 & turned in. Very tired.

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Tuesday 1918 July 23 

Scope and Contents note

Went to bed at 11 p.m. last night and arose at noon today. Did nothing but wash up and try to get clean. The Hun is still on the retreat. His losses must be heavy. Weather fine. One letter from Bob.

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Wednesday 1918 July 24 

Scope and Contents note

Almost 5 hours drill--not hard. Still cleaning up. The Bosch still retreats. Rained some today. We are surprised at getting no order to move.

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Thursday 1918 July 25 

Scope and Contents note

Had a raid by one or two planes last night. One bomb landed a very short distance from my billet. Holt, Bennheim, Woods & I have a billet together in a room near the kitchen of the chateau. Woods left this a.m. for the hospital. I hate to see him go as I like him very much.

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Friday 1918 July 26 

Scope and Contents note

Left Brumetz early with three limbers and 24 men in mules for the Front to salvage M.G.'s and all kinds of American equipment. Visited Courchamps, Bussieres, Tarcy, and I got much salvage including 2 [hatchkiss]. Many French and more German dead covered the fields--saw no American dead. Sanitary squads were doing the funeral work. Some of the German dugouts were wonderful. All kinds of tables, chairs, etc. were scattered around abunduntly. On return to camp I was ordered to report to 4th Div. Hqrs. Left for Lizy and found Hqrs. had moved to [Neufchatel] for which town I set out and arrived there at 8 p.m. G.1. notified me I was transferred to Hqrs. as C.O. of Hqrs. Troop. Slept in billet with Majors Smith, Fletcher, & Sherbourne.

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Saturday 1918 July 27 

Scope and Contents note

Took command of Hqrs. Troop. [---] transferred. Spent the day getting oriented. Visited Meaux at 7 p.m. to buy new cap and some other equipment I found myself in need of in my new job. Major Smith accompanied me and we had supper at the Duc de Acquitaine.

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Sunday 1918 July 28 

Scope and Contents note

Rec'd orders to change stations at 8 a.m. Left in machine for our new location at 8:30. Took up our station at a farm right under the guns. The Bosch shelled a town back of us but kept retiring steadily. The [Rainbow] was in the line in front of us and doing fine. I saw Homer Smith on a motorcycle and also John Cole and Fred Anderson & was certainly glad to meet them all.

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Monday 1918 July 29 

Scope and Contents note

Everything serene and fine. Much artillery back of us and much worse. The Bosch dropped three bombs right near us and shelled the road 600 meters to our right and the woods about 600 meters to our left. Our acting mess officer for "B" mess now went back the the [2nd] Eschelon at Lizy and returned at 4 a.m. on the 30th.

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Tuesday 1918 July 30 

Scope and Contents note

Went to Paris with Willard for auto supplies and parts for motorcycles. Had lunch at the Grand Hotel Cafe and dinner at Maxims. Had a very fine time and fought off a number of the Paris vampires. They are the worst I've ever seen. They ask you to go to bed with them and charge you nothing. I wasn't in the humor for any of their wares. Left Paris at 10:30 and the driver hit a log in the road about 8 miles from Paris and broke the front right wheel. Willard & I caught a French truck to La Ferte, and American truck to Chateau-Thierry, and a Ford ambulance to Epieds from where we walked to Artois Farm arriving there at 7 o'clock -- just in time for breakfast. Sent a machine back for Barlow.

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Wednesday 1918 July 31 

Scope and Contents note

Moved to Chaux de Foret -- some job. Dead horses were everywhere. Pitched tents in the yard & had a fine rain during the night. The Bosch shelled the roads all around.

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Thursday 1918 August 1 

Scope and Contents note

Our troops kept up the pursuit. The Bosch wouldn't stand still. Rained most of the day. A 1st Lt.'s grave -- 59th Inf. -- was discovered about 15 yards from my tent.

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Friday 1918 August 2 

Scope and Contents note

Everything the same -- more rain but the battle keeps up.

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Saturday 1918 August 3 

Scope and Contents note

Very busy. Moved out at noon for Bon Homme Farm. Took the trucks thru [F-- T--] & Mareuil and had a terrible time on the muddy roads. Arrived at destination at 9 o'clock amid a terrific rain. Slept under a tree and had a throrough drenching -- slept very little.

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Sunday 1918 August 4 

Scope and Contents note

Moved to Mareuil-en-Dole. Put the troop in a large house on the square, "B" mess across from Hqrs. and took up duties as town Mayor.

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Monday 1918 August 5 

Scope and Contents note

Bosch plane came over and brought down a sausage near our town. The balloon caught fire but the observer escaped in his parachute. Bosch dropped plenty of shells all around the town. Rain.

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Tuesday 1918 August 6 

Scope and Contents note

Went back to [2nd Eschelon]. An M.P. had his leg hit by a Bosch shell. We have plenty of bombardment here. A big battery of large guns took a poisition on the edge of town and kept up a hell of a noise.

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Wednesday 1918 August 7 

Scope and Contents note

Letters dated July 6, 7, & 13th from [Chub]. I hope the poor girl is happy. She seems to have a lot of trouble with Rachael. The Bosch shelled the town a great deal.

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Thursday 1918 August 8 

Scope and Contents note

Plenty of shells coming in and only a few men hurt in the road leading into town.

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Friday 1918 August 9 

Scope and Contents note

Our advance has stopped. The Bosch has brought up strong reserves and the reverse side of the river is good for a defensive position. Met John Cole & Dutch White. They had a bottle of wine and some cigaretts with me. Plane over in the evening.

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Saturday 1918 August 10 

Scope and Contents note

Moved from Mareuil to the Rouge Croix Farm. Cleaned the place up in good shape and established a nice "B" mess. Also put up my anti-aircraft gun and had a rather decent camp. My billet is in a milk house.

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Sunday 1918 August 11 

Scope and Contents note

The General (Cameron) called me this a.m. and walked over camp with me. He complimented me highly on the way I am running the troop. He asked me how long I have been a 1st Lieut. Nothing much stirring.

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Monday 1918 August 12 

Scope and Contents note

Bosch planes came over in the evening. Everything O.K. Rained a little.

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Tuesday 1918 August 13 

Scope and Contents note

Fine day -- visited Chateau-Thierry in the evening with Capt. Johnson of the G. [Z.] outfit. Looked for the 42nd.

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Wednesday 1918 August 14 

Scope and Contents note

Moved overland to Montmirail and took up our billet in a fine old chateau. Near this town Napolean won his victory in 1814. The chateau was at one time occupied by him and Josephine. The church was built in the 3rd century. Put "B" mess in a wonderful clump of trees in the chateau park. Met Mrs. Squires and Lady Abinger today. They run a hospital from private funds. Both are fine ladies.

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Thursday 1918 August 15 

Scope and Contents note

[Towed] a car to Paris from near Lizy. Visited the Happerts in Meaux for a few minutes. All were well. Stayed in Paris all night with Hutchins and Featherstine.

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Friday 1918 August 16 

Scope and Contents note

All well. General Cameron is not with us anymore. I'm terribly sorry as he certainly is a fine gentleman -- an efficient general. I will miss him. Gen'l Poore succeeds hi8mtemporarily. Nothing much stirring. the chateau belongs to the ______ [this entry ends here, incomplete]

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Saturday 1918 August 17 

Scope and Contents note

Had a dinner with Lady Abinger and Mrs. Squires.

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Sunday 1918 August 18 

Scope and Contents note

Getting ready to move. I certainly hate to leave here.

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Monday 1918 August 19 

Scope and Contents note

The troop got off at 3 a.m. I went overland with Capt. Perry and Father Rankin. visited Troyes, Arcis, Bar-le-Duc, Chamont, Bologne and ended up at Reynel -- our new home. We left Montmirail at 3:30 a.m. This country is beautiful. Billet with a family named Marchal.

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Tuesday 1918 August 20 

Scope and Contents note

No shelling. No planes. No noise -- some change. Mess is good and everything is O.K. Heard I had been recommended for two [---].

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Wednesday 1918 August 21 

Scope and Contents note

Fine weather. Fine country. Fine people. Feel fine.

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Thursday 1918 August 22 

Scope and Contents note

One letter from [Chub] dated July 25. Some pictured enclosed. She looks pretty happy and well.

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Friday 1918 August 23 

Scope and Contents note

Took a lesson in French from Margarite and Mamma & Papa. Everything O.K.

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Saturday 1918 August 24 

Scope and Contents note

Tried to get away for a boar hunt. Too busy. Went to Chaumont and took a hot shower bath -- some event. Met Capt. Thornton & saw Earl Ross at a distance.

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Sunday 1918 August 25 

Scope and Contents note

Went to mass -- hardly knew how to act. Father Rankin is sick.

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Monday 1918 August 26 

Scope and Contents note

Wrote a letter to [Chub]. Nothing new. I missed the boar hunt yesterday -- was very busy. Wrote a letter to [Chub] tonight.

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Tuesday 1918 August 27 

Scope and Contents note

One year in a uniform today. It seems ten years -- and 5 years since I've seen [Chub], Jane & Billy. I think I will be another year at least before I see them again. I had a letter from [---] today. I went for a ride on my horse this a.m. and took a trip to Langres on a solo -- almost 60 miles. Visited Chaumont again with Lloyd Smith & Major Hines in [---] for G1 (via his Cadillac).

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Tuesday - Sunday 1918 August 27 - September 15 

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Stayed in Reynel for a few days longer and moved to Vavincourt where we stayed until Sept.9th. From there changed to Haudainville. Our Div. was in on the shore on St. Mihiel. The losses were very light and 15,000 prisoners were taken. The attack was much easier than the one at Brumetz and at Sergy and Fismes. Verdun is only 2 1/2 miles from this town. I visited there with Perry and went thru the citadel which is wonderful. This country is O.K. but not so rich as the country around Cahteau-Thierry, Meaux or Montmariel. Rec'd no letters from [Chub] during this time.

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Monday 1918 September 16 

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Married nine years today. I'd like to give [Chub] one real good ring today. Rec'd two letters from her today -- numbers 12 and 13. She says she is O.K. Also got a letter from Bob. He has gone into the K. of C. [hut] work.

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Tuesday 1918 September 17 

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A Bosch was brought down this evening by an American aviator near Haudinville. I sent [Chub] a piece of the wing of the Hun plane. It was a wonderful fight -- it lasted 1/2 hour. Had a bombardment in the evening.

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Wednesday 1918 September 18 

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Changed stations to Lemmes. Everything O.K. Wonderful moon tonight & a visit from Hun planes. The French town mayor doesn't know his neck from his elbow. I felt like knocking his nut off today. Generals Poore, Booth, & Babbit came into town today and I had a hell of a time pleasing Gen. Poore. Assigned [caves] to everyone.

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Thursday 1918 September 19 

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Nothing much stirring. Went out for a ride on Billy. X X X X X X X X X X X X X

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Friday 1918 September 20 

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A red letter day -- rec'd an order making me a captain. I certainly feel good over it. I know {Chub] will be delighted -- I think she will feel much better than I do over it. Major Sibert gave me some bars and so did Major McAuslin. Wrote to [Chub] giving her the news.

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Saturday 1918 September 21 

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Nothing much doing -- still in Lemmes. Look for a move very soon.

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Sunday 1918 September 22 

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Sunday wrote [Chub] two letters and sent her some souvenirs.

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Monday 1918 September 23 

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Everything O.K. Rec'd one letter from [Chub]. Rained and turned very cold.

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Tuesday 1918 September 24 

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No activity. News seems good from the papers.

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Wednesday 1918 September 25 

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Moved from Lemmes to Montzeville where we took up our position under the crest of a hill about 1000 meters southwest of Hill 304. Everything in dugouts -- including the G & the Hqrs. Much traffic on the roads. The Bosch suspects nothing. Stayed up all night (Capt. Perry shared my dugout). The artillery opened up at 11:45 p.m. and certainly was fine to watch. I never heard such an uproar. The sky was lit up!

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Thursday 1918 September 26 

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This a.m. at 6:15 a.m. (H & 45) our men of the 30th & [49th] went over the top with a yell. The greatest battle of the world's history -- so Gen'l [Hines] called it. The Front extends from Metz to the North Sea. It certainly is an excitable day. A Bosch aviator came over & brought down [ten] of our baloons. Our airmen feel rotten. many prisoners were taken by our men. The 3rd Div. is in our rear.

[Last entry]

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Notes Undated 

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One page of addresses and one page of notes marked "B" mess.

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