Rowland C. Taylor WWI archive, 1914-1918
2001.023

Summary Information

Repository
University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Creator
Taylor, Roland C.
Title
Rowland C. Taylor WWI archive
ID
2001.023
Date [inclusive]
1914-1918
Extent
0.25 Linear feet
Language
English
Language
These materials are in Engish.

Preferred Citation note

Rowland C. Taylor WWI archive, 1914-1918. Coll No. 2010.023. McFarlin Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives. University of Tulsa.

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Biographical/Historical note

Lt. Rowland C. Taylor, Royal Warwickshire Regiment & No. 3 Squadron, RFC. Artillery Observation Pilot & Prisoner of War, 1917-1918. Taylor was educated at King Edward's School & enlisted in the 1st Birmingham City BN, 14th (S) BN Warwicks in 1914. He was subsequently commissioned in the 6th Warwicks and transferred to the RFC in 1916. He completed pilot training and joined No. 3 Squadron in France on 12/4/17. He flew contact patrols and artillery observation sorties (comunicating with batteries on the ground) almost daily (& often more than once a day) until 6/11/17 when, his fuel exhausted, he was forced down behind enemy mines in his Sopwith Camel. He was then a POW until repatriated in Dec 1918.

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Scope and Contents note

Lt. Rowland C. Taylor, Royal Warwickshire Regiment & No. 3 Squadron, RFC. Artillery Observation Pilot & Prisoner of War, 1917-1918. Flying log book, fine detailed diary of POW experiences + various photos, service documents and POW ephemera.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives 2010 July 26

McFarlin Library
University of Tulsa
2933 E. 6th St
Tulsa, OK, 74104-3123
918-631-2496
Marc-carlson@utulsa.edu

Access

This material is open for research use by any registered reader.

Use and Copyright

This material is owned by the University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections. Unpublished manuscripts are under copyright. Therefore, permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from both the repository and the copyright holder.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Powers Rare Books, August 2001.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Great Britain. Army. Royal Warwickshire Regiment.
  • Great Britain. Royal Flying Corps. Squadron, 3.
  • Powers Rare Books.

Personal Name(s)

  • Taylor, Roland C.

Subject(s)

  • Photographs -- Germany -- Holzminden.
  • Special Collections -- Manuscripts -- Taylor, Rowland C.
  • World War I Collection.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations, British.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Diaries.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Personal narratives -- Great Britain.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Photographs.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Prisoners and prisons, German -- Holzminden.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Prisoners and prisons, German -- Ingelmunster.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Prisoners and prisons, German -- Karlsruhe.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Prisoners and prisons, German -- Landshut.

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Collection Inventory

 2001.023.1 The Barb 1917 November 24   1.0 Item 30 cm x 24 cm. 4 pp.

Scope and Contents note

A Prisoner of War newspaper. The place of publication varies: After May 27, 1918- it was published in Schweidnitz after the British officers were moved from the Trier camp. Prior to that it was published in Trier.

General note

The place of publication varies: After May 27, 1918- it was published in Schweidnitz after the British officers were moved from the Trier camp. Prior to that it was published in Trier.

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Army Book 136 used as a flying log, recording in detail pilot training from 13/10/16-5/4/17, then from 13/4/17the log records some 150 operational sorties, with numerous interesting entries in the "remarks" column e.g. 14/5/17 recon. crossed off a Queant & Heudecourt; 15/5/17 Conact [patrol]. Clouds at 1000. Fearfully hot show. Got a bullet through aileron; 31/5/17 Shoot with 232 [Seige Battery RGA]. Successful. AA gun in Prouville; 4/6/17 Shoot & rec. Battery wouldn't fire. Shot at Huns; 6/11/17 Went west. 

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POW Diary: 66 pp in a lined notebook, 5x7.5", some 7500 words in all. An excellent commenced in Jan. 1918 & restrospective to the date of his forced landing, giving full details of that event, his arrest & treatment over the next twelve months at Ingelmunster, Karlsruhe, Landshut, & Holzminden POW camps. As well as the day-to-day routine each camp is fully described. Some extracts: 

General note

"Karlsruhe. A hutment camp in the middle of town. We lived 8 in a room with a large stove & plenty of coal. Chairs. A large mess, a canteen where prices were absurd, a library & a concert room. Also a square where one could walk for exercise. Daily programme: 8.30 am: cup of coffee & biscuit in bed. 9.15 am: get up. 10 am: Roll call. 10.10 am: breakfast in room, coffee fish cake & toast. 10.40 am get into appel cue [sic]. 12.30 pm: dinner in mess. 4.00 pm: tea in room, coffee french biscuits & sometimes jam. 4.15 pm: library opens. 6pm: supper in mess. 7pm: supper in room. 8.45pm Roll call. 9pm lights out & last cup of coffee. Sit in front of fire talking until about 11 pm, then to bed. Hot baths obtainable Mon. Thurs. & Sat. from 9-11 am, Particular attention paid to saluting German officers. Food: Dinner, watery soup, vegetable mush & bread. Supper, soup & vegetable mush. Meat twice weekly (Apalling). (tins of fish 4mks50) "21st Jan. '18 Monday (Landshut Camp) Commandant 'revs' about room being untidy. 8 people in one room and no place to put things. What does the gentleman expect? Talk about economising by cutting down extra food owing to exorbitant prices. Things seem to go up when we order them two or three times! Method of getting things is to order them & then be told the price afterwards... Interpretor not very brilliant at English. He nearly orders peat when we asked for peas. Luckily none obtainable. "22nd Jan '18 Feeling fed up to the teeth and very slack. Lie in bed in morning and ruminate on our treatment. Come to conclusion that it is disgraceful. Am sick of always feeling hungry. Someone said "always get up from a meal feeling slightly hungry". Being a gefanganer ought to suit him, but I'd like a few words with him all the same! Can't get used to having no breakfast & no outdoor exercise. We are given no chairs, only stools, straw mattresses & pillows; no place to keep clothes; insufficient coal & we live & sleep on one low-ceiling room with small windows. Ye Gods! Sanitary arrangements the worst I have ever seen! Horrible feeling of being cut off from the world. No letters or parcels for nearly a fortnight. Interpreter doesn't help much. Some fellows do their best for us, e.g. the doctor & Mr. Pastor. A tin bath is provided today & is about big enough to get both feet into"

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Roll of "B" Double Coy, 1st Birmingham City Bn, Jan 1915 (20pp. dec. card covs.) 

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2 Holzminden theatre programmes 

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Others stuff 

General note

Among POW ephemera present are

8 photos of Holzminden camp (library, cookhouse, Niemeyer &c)

POW currency

Kriegefanganer envelope

War Office exoneration letter

King's welcome home letter for POWs

Home leave pass, Xmas 1914; Order of Service Oct 1914 for the City B & several other related cuttings, papers & photos of Lt. Taylor in Warwickshire service Dress, flying leathers, & various other officers & types of aircraft.

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